Chandogya Upanishad (english Translation)

by Swami Lokeswarananda | 165,421 words | ISBN-10: 8185843910 | ISBN-13: 9788185843919

This is the English translation of the Chandogya-upanishad, including a commentary based on Swami Lokeswarananda’s weekly discourses; incorporating extracts from Shankara’s bhasya. The Chandogya Upanishad is a major Hindu philosophical text incorporated in the Sama Veda, and dealing with meditation and Brahman. This edition includes the Sanskrit t...

Verse 2.16.1

वसन्तो हिंकारो ग्रीष्मः प्रस्तावो वर्षा उद्गीथः शरत्प्रतिहारो हेमन्तो निधनमेतद्वैराजमृतुषु प्रोतम् ॥ २.१६.१ ॥

vasanto hiṃkāro grīṣmaḥ prastāvo varṣā udgīthaḥ śaratpratihāro hemanto nidhanametadvairājamṛtuṣu protam || 2.16.1 ||

1. Spring is the hiṃkāra, summer the prastāva, the rainy season the udgītha, autumn the pratihāra, and winter the nidhana. This Sāma known as Vairāja is rooted in the seasons.

Word-for-word explanation:

Vasantaḥ hiṃkāraḥ, spring is the hiṃkāra; grīṣmaḥ prastāvaḥ, summer is the prastāva; varṣāḥ udgīthaḥ, the rainy season is the udgītha; śarat pratihāraḥ, autumn is the pratihāra; hemantaḥ nidhanam, winter is the nidhana; etat vairājam, this [Sāma called] Vairāja; ṛtuṣu protam, is rooted in the seasons.

Commentary:

The clouds determine the seasons. This is why the Sāma is first worshipped as the clouds and after that as the seasons.