Chandogya Upanishad (english Translation)

by Swami Lokeswarananda | 165,421 words | ISBN-10: 8185843910 | ISBN-13: 9788185843919

This is the English translation of the Chandogya-upanishad, including a commentary based on Swami Lokeswarananda’s weekly discourses; incorporating extracts from Shankara’s bhasya. The Chandogya Upanishad is a major Hindu philosophical text incorporated in the Sama Veda, and dealing with meditation and Brahman. This edition includes the Sanskrit t...

Verse 2.10.2

आदिरिति द्व्यक्षरं प्रतिहार इति चतुरक्षरं तत इहैकं तत्समम् ॥ २.१०.२ ॥

ādiriti dvyakṣaraṃ pratihāra iti caturakṣaraṃ tata ihaikaṃ tatsamam || 2.10.2 ||

2. The word ādi is two-syllabled, and the word pratihāra is four-syllabled. If you take away one syllable from pratihāra and add it to ādi, then they will have the same number of syllables.

Word-for-word explanation:

Ādiḥ iti dvi-akṣaram, the word ādi is two-syllabled; pratihāraḥ iti catuḥ-akṣaram, the word pratihāra is four-syllabled; tataḥ, from that [i.e., from the word pratihāra]; ekam, [take away] one [syllable]; iha, [and add] here [to the word ādi]; tat samam, that makes them equal [both three-syllabled].


Om is the ādi of the sevenfold Sāma. It is ādi (the beginning) because a person begins singing the Sāma with Om.