Chandogya Upanishad (english Translation)

by Swami Lokeswarananda | 165,421 words | ISBN-10: 8185843910 | ISBN-13: 9788185843919

This is the English translation of the Chandogya-upanishad, including a commentary based on Swami Lokeswarananda’s weekly discourses; incorporating extracts from Shankara’s bhasya. The Chandogya Upanishad is a major Hindu philosophical text incorporated in the Sama Veda, and dealing with meditation and Brahman. This edition includes the Sanskrit t...

Verse 1.13.3

अनिरुक्तस्त्रयोदशः स्तोभः संचरो हुंकारः ॥ १.१३.३ ॥

aniruktastrayodaśaḥ stobhaḥ saṃcaro huṃkāraḥ || 1.13.3 ||

3. The thirteenth stobha huṃ is not clearly defined. Various scholars have defined it in various ways. [Thus, it is up to people to meditate on it as they like.]

Word-for-word explanation:

Sañcaraḥ, variously interpreted; aniruktaḥ, not clearly defined; trayodaśaḥ stobhaḥ, the thirteenth stobha; huṅkāraḥ, the syllable ‘huṃ’.


Earlier, twelve stobhas were explained along with how they could be used for meditation. Those stobhas are: hāu, hāi, atha, iha, ī, ū, e, auhoyi, hiṃ, svara, , and vāk. Now the thirteenth stobha, huṃ, is being discussed. The Upaniṣad says here, however, that no one knows for certain what huṃ means, so people are free to meditate on it as they please.

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