Chandogya Upanishad (english Translation)

by Swami Lokeswarananda | 165,421 words | ISBN-10: 8185843910 | ISBN-13: 9788185843919

This is the English translation of the Chandogya-upanishad, including a commentary based on Swami Lokeswarananda’s weekly discourses; incorporating extracts from Shankara’s bhasya. The Chandogya Upanishad is a major Hindu philosophical text incorporated in the Sama Veda, and dealing with meditation and Brahman. This edition includes the Sanskrit t...

Verse 1.1.3

स एष रसानांरसतमः परमः परार्ध्योऽष्टमो यदुद्गीथः ॥ १.१.३ ॥

sa eṣa rasānāṃrasatamaḥ paramaḥ parārdhyo'ṣṭamo yadudgīthaḥ || 1.1.3 ||

3. This udgītha [Om] is the best of all essences. It is the best of all that exists. It is the eighth, and it has the highest status.

Word-for-word explanation:

Saḥ, that; eṣaḥ, this; rasānām, of all the essences; rasatamaḥ, the best essence; paramaḥ, the best; parārdhyaḥ, ranking the highest; aṣṭamaḥ, the eighth [in the order of earth, water, plants, human beings; speech, the Ṛg Veda, the Sāma Veda, and udgītha]; yāt, that; udgīthaḥ, udgītha [Om].

Commentary:

The best of all essences is the udgītha, which is Om. It is the highest and best because it is the same as Brahman.