Brihat Samhita

by N. Chidambaram Iyer | 1884 | 135,584 words | ISBN-13: 9788171104215

This page describes the intention of horses (ashva-ingita) which is the ninety-third Chapter of the English translation of the Brihat-samhita. This work, written by Varahamihira in the 6th century, is classified as jyotisha literature, also known as Indian astronomy. It contains however, also content regarding astrology, palmistry, agriculture, gardening, perfumes, medicines and various other encyclopedic topics.

Chapter 93 - Omens (8): The intention of Horses (aśva-iṅgita)

1. If either the part just behind the saddle or the side of a horse (aśva) be accidentally burnt, evil is indicated. If otherwise, there will be good luck. If all the parts of the body be burnt, there will be misery. If the part be seen to burn or to smoke, the effects will be felt in two years.

2. If the organ of generation catch fire, the master’s harem will suffer miseries. If the belly catch fire, the treasury will suffer; if the buttocks or the tail catch fire, there will be defeat by the enemy. If the face and the head catch fire, there will be success.

3. If the mane, the saddle—back and the shoulders catch fire, there will be success. If the legs catch fire, there will be imprisonment. If the forehead, breast, eyes or legs catch fire and smoke, there will be defeat; but if they burn only, there will be success.

4. If the nasal pit, the part above it, the head, the part just below the eyes and the eyes catch fire and burn at night, there will be success. If horses which are green, red, black, of different colours or blue catch fire in any part of their body, there will be the gain of a desired object.

5. If the horse (aśva) be found to refuse to eat or drink or to fall its legs striking with each other or to perspire for no apparent cause or to quake, drop blood from the mouth or to smoke or not to sleep at night and on the contrary if it be found to sleep by day or be dull or listless with its eyes closed or to stick its head to the ground, there will be misery.

6. If the horse be seen to get upon another horse when the latter carries a saddle or a man or if the king’s horse, apparently healthy, be found to meet with a serious accident, there will be misery.

7. If the horse be found to raise up its head and neigh or if it be found to neigh sweet and loud as if out of joy with food in its mouth, the enemy will meet with ruin.

8. If near a horse that neighs there be found a vessel full of grain or curdled milk, a Brāhmaṇa, a temple-image, sandal paste, flowers, fruits, gold and the like or any agreeable object, there will be success.

9. A horse (aśva) that is satisfied and feels happy with its food and drink, bit of the bridle and saddle trappings and that casts a side-look, indicates good luck.

10. If the horse be found to strike the ground frequently with its left leg, its master will travel to foreign lands. If, during twilight hours, he be found to neigh turning to a dīpta quarter, the master will suffer imprisonment or defeat in fight.

11. If the horse be found to neigh much during sleep or to flap its tail, there will be travel. If it be found to drop the hair of its tail or to neigh piteously or fearfully or to eat dust, there will be misery.

12. If the horse be found to lie on its right side like a box stretching its right leg, there will be success. All that has been said about the horse applies also to other animals used for riding.

13. If, when the king begins to get on his back, the horse be found to be quiet and obedient and to neigh turning to another horse (aśva) or touch his right side with his mouth, immediate good fortune is indicated.

14. If the horse he found to pass excrement or urine often, or to refuse to move even when whipped or to get frightened for no apparent cause or to shed tears, the master will suffer miseries.

15. Thus have been described omens connected with the horse. We shall now proceed to treat of omens connected with the elephant—the cutting, breaking etc. of the tusk especially.

[Note—All that has been said about the horse applies also to the elephant. The author now proceeds to state certain special points connected with the latter.]