Brihat Samhita

by N. Chidambaram Iyer | 1884 | 135,584 words | ISBN-13: 9788171104215

This page describes notes relating to the phenomena of nature which is the fifth Appendix of the English translation of the Brihat-samhita. This work, written by Varahamihira in the 6th century, is classified as jyotisha literature, also known as Indian astronomy. It contains however, also content regarding astrology, palmistry, agriculture, gardening, perfumes, medicines and various other encyclopedic topics.

Appendix 5 - Notes relating to the phenomena of nature

Note: This appendix is extracted at the end from chapter 47 of the Bṛhat-saṃhita.

It may be well to add here certain notes relating to the phenomena of nature culled from other Śāstras.

There will be famine as long as the course of Jupiter and that of Saturn lie through the end of Aries and Scorpio and the middle of Taurus and Leo.

During the period when Jupiter and Saturn occupy a single sign of the Zodiac, there would be pestilence, Cholera and deaths among the people.

As long as Jupiter and Venus continue together in a state of disappearance, mankind will suffer from devils, diseases, thieves and enemies.

If the course of Saturn or the retrogade motion of Mars should lie through the signs of Sagittarius, Aries, Taurus, Pisces or Leo, there would be such deaths among men and animals that only a third of mankind, of elephants, horses, cows and other animals, of birds and of the creatures of water would survive.

If the motion of Mars should be an accelerated one, there would be fear from destructive fires; if he should retrograde and enter another sign, the people would suffer from heat and many families would suffer, and if his course should lie through a sign longer than the calculated period, there would be drought in the land and rulers will be at war.

If Jupiter should retrograde or if his motion should be an accelerated one, and if in this state he should enter another sign, the rivers would not be full; the kings would lose their glory and suffer from diseases.

If Saturn should, after a long direct course, begin to retrograde or have an accelerated motion, and in this state enter another sign, there would be diseases, famine and drought in the land and vehicles will suffer destruction.

If, when Jupiter should enter another sign when in his accelerated motion, Saturn should be in his slow motion, Venus should have disappeared and Mercury should have reappeared, the country would perish.

If Saturn, Mars and Jupiter should be within sight of each other, men with their children would suffer from hunger and from weapons.

If, while the course of the Sun lies through the end of the signs Taurus, Gemini, Scorpio and Leo, Jupiter and Mars should be in conjunction with it, mankind would suffer from famine and the deaths would be so many that in the cremation grounds of villages and towns, Piśācas might be seen with hundreds of dead bodies in their mouths.

If two or three or four planets should meet together, people would suffer from deaths and famine. If five planets should meet, there would also be famine; if six, the chief ruler would run away from his kingdom, and if seven, humanity would come to an end.

If the course of Mars and Saturn, through the signs of Cancer, Leo and Pisces should be retrograde or re-retrograde, there would be much suffering on Earth. There would also be a scarcity of water and wars in the land; grains would be destroyed and mankind would suffer from robbers.

If Saturn and Rāhu should meet, crops would be injured; commodity would become scarce; husbands and wives would be at strife, there would be drought and famine in the land; cows would suffer death and men would become exceedingly lazy.

If the course of the Sun and Moon, both of brilliant discs, should lie through the seven asterisms from Kṛttikā, Madhyadeśa would suffer miseries.

If the course of the Sun and Moon, Mars and Venus should lie through the seven asterisms from Maghā, there would be grief and disease among men, and the god of death would be busy in his wide work of destruction in the southern countries.

If the course of Jupiter, the Moon and Mercury, all of brilliant discs, should lie through the seven asterisms from Anurādhā, the western countries, as far as the sea, as well as the western sea itself with its creatures, would suffer miseries.

If the course of the Sun, Venus and Mars should lie through the seven asterisms from Dhaniṣṭhā, the northern countries would suffer

miseries. If the benefic planets should appear of the colour of gold, the Brāhmaṇas, the Kṣatriyas, the Vais'yās and the Śūdras would all attend to their respective duties and would become happy.