Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary)

by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja | 2005 | 440,179 words | ISBN-13: 9781935428329

The Brihad-bhagavatamrita Verse 1.5.69-70, English translation, including commentary (Dig-darshini-tika): an important Vaishnava text dealing with the importance of devotional service. The Brihad-bhagavatamrita, although an indepent Sanskrit work, covers the essential teachings of the Shrimad Bhagavatam (Bhagavata-purana). This is verse 1.5.69-70 contained in Chapter 5—Priya (the beloved devotees)—of Part one (prathama-khanda).

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration, Word-for-word and English translation of verse 1.5.69-70:

यत् सदा सर्वदा शुद्ध-निरुपाधि-कृपाकरे ।
तस्मिन् सत्य-प्रतिज्ञे सन्-मित्र-वर्ये महा-प्रभौ ॥ ६९ ॥
विश्वस्तस्य दृढं साक्षात् प्राप्तात् तस्मान् मम प्रियम् ।
महा-मनोहराकारन् न पर-ब्रह्मणः परम् ॥ ७० ॥

yat sadā sarvadā śuddha-nirupādhi-kṛpākare |
tasmin satya-pratijñe san-mitra-varye mahā-prabhau || 69 ||
viśvastasya dṛḍhaṃ sākṣāt prāptāt tasmān mama priyam |
mahā-manoharākāran na para-brahmaṇaḥ param || 70 ||

We have firm faith alone in Śrī Kṛṣṇa, the ocean of causeless mercy who is always pure in everyway, whose vows always come true, and who is the best friend amongst all benefactors. We have no other object dearer to us than that most attractive, humanlike, divine form of Paramabrahman, who is obtained directly.

Commentary: Dig-darśinī-ṭīkā with Bhāvānuvāda

(By Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī himself including a deep purport of that commentary)

Śrīman Arjuna is explaining the reason why the instructions granted by Śrī Kṛṣṇa are not the cause of our happiness in two verses beginning with yat. Our desired object is none other than the most attractive form of Śrī Kṛṣṇa, and we have firm faith in that Supreme Lord Śrī Kṛśṇa. To express the cause of this firm faith he uses four adjectives such as śuddha (pure). The two words sadā sarvadā (always and in every way) should be used on every occasion.

Just as He is always true to His vows, na me bhaktaḥ praṇaśyati “My devotees never perish.” (Bhagavad-gītā 9.31) These vows never became false. He is “the best friend” because the Supreme Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa is capable of doing anything. Why is He the Supreme Lord? He is most attractive, even though He is humanlike, in other words, He is the most attractive, embodied Supreme Spirit, having the nature of the son of Devakī. I have received Him in the form of a beloved friend. In other words, I have not obtained Him as the beloved friend visibly, or rather directly;therefore, there is no obstruction. My firm faith to Him is selfmanifest and there is no other desired object for me other than Him.

On the contrary, other than by cheating me, He cannot instruct me about any desired object. His essential instruction in the Bhagavadgītā (śaraṇāgati to Bhagavān is rooted in strong faith) unto me is futile. Therefore, what can this be called other than cheating? That instruction was granted only for the killing of Bhīṣma and Droṇa. Therefore, Mahārāja Yudhiṣṭhira said, “To remove the burden of the earth and to protect religious principles by destroying all sins are the only goals of such behavior.”

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