Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary)

by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja | 2005 | 440,179 words | ISBN-13: 9781935428329

The Brihad-bhagavatamrita Verse 1.3.66, English translation, including commentary (Dig-darshini-tika): an important Vaishnava text dealing with the importance of devotional service. The Brihad-bhagavatamrita, although an indepent Sanskrit work, covers the essential teachings of the Shrimad Bhagavatam (Bhagavata-purana). This is verse 1.3.66 contained in Chapter 3—Prapancatita (beyond the Material Plane)—of Part one (prathama-khanda).

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration, Word-for-word and English translation of verse 1.3.66:

या विहायादरेणापि भजमानान् भवादृशान् ।
वव्रे तपोभिर् आराध्य निरपेक्षं च तं प्रियम् ॥ ६६ ॥

yā vihāyādareṇāpi bhajamānān bhavādṛśān |
vavre tapobhir ārādhya nirapekṣaṃ ca taṃ priyam || 66 ||

Śrī Mahālakṣmī dismisses all dignified personages such as you, Śrī Nārada, and reveres by her austerities Śrī Bhagavān who remains indifferent to her affection.

Commentary: Dig-darśinī-ṭīkā with Bhāvānuvāda

(By Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī himself including a deep purport of that commentary)

Now, she (Śrī Pārvatī) describes the glories of that unique bhajana and how Śrī Mahālakṣmī serves Śrī Bhagavān unconditionally with the topmost prema. Mahālakṣmī certainly serves Śrī Bhagavān with superb devotion, however Bhagavān is indifferent (nirapekṣa), that is, He is ātma-rāma, Self-content by Himself, and āpta-kāma, Self-fulfilled for Himself, and therefore is not dependent on anyone. However, by worshipping that nirapekṣa or indifferent Bhagavān, she accepted Him as her most beloved.

Her one-pointed love alone is the reason for accepting Him, but the question then arises as to how she obtained such an indifferent master? In reply to this, she is saying that by her austerities (tapasyā) and the performance of a variety of services. Here, the meaning of “austerities” is “concentrating the mind on topics of Bhagavān and worshipping Him”. For example, in the Tenth Canto (10.16.36) the Kāliya nāga-patnis pray: yad-vāñchayā śrīr lalanācarat tapo, vihāya kāmān su-ciraṃ dhṛta-vratā, “O Bhagavān, aspiring for the dust of your lotus feet, Śrī Lakṣmī-devī gave up all personal desires and observed vows for a long time by severe austerities, in spite of being your beloved.”

Although Śrī Mahālakṣmī is the eternal beloved of the master of Śrī Vaikuṇṭha, Śrī Nārāyaṇa, she did not obtain that position as Śrī Nārāyaṇa’s beloved like other worshippers. However, in her avatāras such as the daughter of Bhṛgu (Bhūmi) with the desire to obtain the service of the beautiful feet of Śrī Nārāyaṇa, she performed austerities. Therefore, by mentioning His indifference to her, the subject of her austerities has become illuminated.

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