by G. P. Bhatt | 1955 | 243,464 words
This is the Brahma Purana in English (translation from Sanskrit), which is one of the eighteen Maha Puranas. The contents of this ancient Indian encyclopedic treatise include cosmology, genealogy (solar dynasty etc.), mythology, geology and Dharma (universal law of nature). The Brahma Purana is notable for its extenstive geological survey includin...
1-2. Āyu had five sons who were mighty heroes born of the daughter of Svarbhānu named Prabhā. They became kings. Nahuṣa was the eldest among them. Vṛddhaśarmā came next. The rest—Rambha, Raji and Anenas became famous in the three worlds.
Devas and Asuras said:
5. O lord of living beings, who will be victorious in the battle between us? We wish to hear precisely.
6-7. There is no doubt that only those will conquer the three worlds, on whose behalf lord Raji takes up arms and fights in the battle. Where there is Raji there is courage; where there is courage there is glory. Where there is glory and courage there is righteousness and victory.
8. Thus advised by Lord Brahmā Devas and Asuras became delighted. Desirous of victory and hopeful of winning him over they approached Raji the leader of the people.
9. Indeed, king Raji born of Prabhā, and the grandson of Svarbhānu, was excessively resplendent. He was destined to perpetuate the lunar race.
10. Delighted in their minds, Devas and Asuras said to Raji—“Please take up your excellent bow for our victory”.
11. Thereupon, conversant with the purpose of Devas and Asuras, Raji said thus, with an eye on his own interest and revealing his glory.
12. “O Indra, I shall fight in the battle if after conquering the asuras through my valour I can duly become Indra.
13. At the outset O brahmins, Devas who were delighted in their minds assented to the proposal. “O king, this desire of your can be realised as you wish”.
14. On hearing the words of Devas king Raji asked the leaders of Asuras too, in the same manner as he had asked Devas.
15. The Asuras full of arrogance and realising their own interest, proudly spoke to the monarch thus.
16-21. “Our īndra is Prahrāda on whose behalf we fight and conquer. O excellent king, you join us shining with glory in this battle.”
Even as the king was about to say “so be it” he was urged by Devas, “You will certainly become Indra after conquering Asuras”. The king who was thus urged, killed those Asuras who could not be slain by the thunderbolt-armed Indra. After killing all Asuras lord Raji of great glory and self-control redeemed the lost glory of Devas. Then, in the company of Devas, Indra said to Raji of great valour—“I am Rajiputra(son of Raji), O dear one, you are Indra of all Devas. I, Indra, am your son, I shall attain fame through your activities.
On hearing these words of Indra Raji was deceived by his Māyā.
22-25. The delighted king said to Indra—“So be it.”
When they became excessively deluded, passionately mad, irreligious and batters of the brahmins, their power and valour were destroyed. Then Indra regained his prosperity and the •excellent abode after killing the sons of Raji who were slaves of lust and wrath.
26. He who listens to this narrative of dethronement and re-establishment of Indra and he who retains it in memory will never fall to wretchedness.
27. Rambha was issueless. I shall mention the line of Anenas. King Pratikṣatra of great fame was the son of Anenas.
31. Saṃkṛti’s son was Kṣatravṛddha. He was righteous-souled and he earned great fame. The line of Anenas has been recounted. Now hear Kṣatravṛddha’s lineage.
32. Kṣatravṛaddha’s son was Śunahotra of great fame Śunahotra had three successors who were extremely righteous.
33-34. They were Kāśya, Śalla and Gṛtsamada. Gṛtsa-mada’s son was Śunaka. Śaunakas (sons of Śunaka) were brahmins, Kṣatriyas, Vaiśyas and Śūdras. Ārṣṭiṣeṇa was the son of Śalla and his son was Kaśyapa.
35-37. Kaśyapa’s son was Dīrghatapas who ruled over Kāśi. Dhanvan was the son of Dīrghatapas and Dhanvantari was his son. At the conclusion of a great penance when the king had become old, lord Dhanvantari was born. He was the great ruler of Kāśi and was an expert physician. He could cure all ailments.
38. He learnt medical science from sage Bharadvāja He divided therepeutic processes into eight sections and taught them to his disciples.
43. As soon as it had been cursed king Divodāsa founded a beautiful city at the extremity of his realm on the banks of Gomatī.
44-48. Formerly, Vārāṇasī belonged to Bhadraśreṇya. It was after killing one hundred sons of Bhadraśreṇya who were excellent bowmen, that king Divodāsa occupied the territory. By that powerful king the realm of Bhadraśreṇya was seized. Bhadraśreṇya had a son Durdama who later became famous. As he was a child, Divodāsa let him alone out of mercy. Then the king seized the hereditary realm of Haihaya.
The legacy of his forefathers that had been forcefully taken away by Divodāsa was retaken by Durdama the son of Bhadraśreṇya. O blessed ones, thus revenge was taken by that king of good spiritual splendour.
51. His son was Alarka. He was favourably disposed to the brahmins and truthful in speech. A verse has been sung by the veterans about Alarka the saintly monarch.
52. He was a handsome youth. He ruled for sixty-six thousand years. He upheld his family by his mighty prowess.
53. By the grace of Lopāmudrā he attained the maximum longevity. Endowed with youth and beauty he ruled over a very extensive kingdom.
54. When the period of curse came to an end the mighty king killed the Rākṣasā Kṣemaka and re-occupied the beautiful city of Vārāṇasī.
59. The successor of Dhṛṣṭaketu was king Veṇuhotra. Veṇuhotra’s son was king Bharga.
61. They were brahmins, Kṣatriyas and Vaiśyas, thousands in number and endowed with brilliance. These Kāśyapas (rulers of Kāśi) have been recounted. Understand the descendants of Nahuṣa.
Footnotes and references:
Triviṣṭapa—Abode of Indra.