Bharadvaja-srauta-sutra

by C. G. Kashikar | 1964 | 166,530 words

The English translation of the Bharadvaja-Srauta-Sutra, representing some of the oldest texts on Hindu rituals and rites of passages, dating to at least the 1st millennium BCE. The term Srautasutra refers to a class of Sanskrit Sutra literature dealing with ceremonies based on the Brahmana divisions of the Veda (Sruti). They include Vedic rituals r...

Praśna 14, Kaṇḍikā 26

1. The Adhvaryu should offer in the Udavasānīya Iṣṭi a cake on five potsherds or eight potsherds to Agni.

2. If the cake is on eight potsherds, the puronuvākyā and the yājyā should be in the Paṅkti metre; if on five, in the Gāyatrī metre.

3. A bullock[1] to be yoked to a cart should be the dakṣiṇā.

4. The Iṣṭi should be concluded in the established manner, if there is no hurry.

5. If there is any hurry, the Adhvaryu should take four spoonfuls of clarified butter into the Juhū, and make the offering[2] on the Āhavanīya fire with the verse, “O Viṣṇu, do thou bestride wide....[3]”.

6. The sacrificer should give away as dakṣiṇā whatever he can.

7. At whatever hour in the night the Iṣṭi is concluded, at that hour he should offer the evening Agnihotra. He should offer the morning Agnihotra at the proper time.

8. The rites beginning with the Udayanīya Iṣṭi are called the “Tail of the sacrifice (yajñapuccha).”

9. The procedure of the pressing day (sutyā) comes to an end on the same day.

10. If the procedure of the pressing day passes over the time of Agnihotra, he should offer the Agnihotra-offerings which might have been passed over since the evening Agnihotra, Or he may not.

11. If a king or one fit to reign is performing the Soma sacrifice, he should subsequently offer Devasū oblations.

12. Their procedure has been explained in the Rājasūya[4] except the holding of the (sacrificer’s) hand,[5] the announcement[5] and the cleansing of the face.[5]

13. One should perform the Jyotiṣṭoma sacrifice in each spring. There should be three kinds of dakṣiṇā in it. So is it said.

14. The Jyotiṣṭoma thus comes to an end.

Footnotes and references:

[1]:

Or gold worth it, according to Āpastamba-śrauta-sūtra XIII.25.6.

[2]:

This oblation is prescribed in ŚBr IV.5.1.16. Āpastamba-śrauta-sūtra XIII.25.7,8 directly mentions the Vājasaneyins in this connection, but prescribes twelve spoonfuls instead of four.

[3]:

VII.1.2.

[4]:

The sūtra-portion of Bhāradvāja-śrauta-sūtra dealing with the Rājasūya is not available.

[5]:

cf. Āpastamba-śrauta-sūtra XVIII. 12.6,7,9.

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