Bhagavad-gita with four Commentaries [sanskrit]

140,673 words | ISBN-10: 8189564072 | ISBN-13: 9788189564070

The Sanskrit edition of the Bhagavad Gita with four commentaries: (1) The Subodhini by Shridhara (Sridhara Swami), (2) The Gudharthadipika by Madhusudana (Saraswati), (3) The Sararthavarshini by Vishvanatha (Vishwanath Chakravarti) and (4) The Gitabhushana by Baladeva (Vidyabhushan). Original titles: Bhagavadgītā (भगवद्गीता), Śrīdhara (श्रीधर), Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन), Viśvanātha (विश्वनाथ), Baladeva (बलदेव)

Verse 14.26

māṃ ca yo'vyabhicāreṇa bhaktiyogena sevate |
sa guṇān samatītyaitān brahmabhūyāya kalpate ||26||

The Subodhinī commentary by Śrīdhara

kathaṃ caitān trīn guṇānativartate iti | asya praśnasyottaramāha māṃ ceti | caśabdo'vadhāraṇārthaḥ | māmeva parameśvaramavyabhicāreṇa ekāntena bhaktiyogena yaḥ sevate sa etān guṇān samatītya samyagatikramya brahmabhūyāya brahmabhāvāya mokṣāya kalpate samartho bhavati ||26||

The Gūḍhārthadīpikā commentary by Madhusūdana

adhunā kathametān guṇānativartata iti tṛtīyapraśnasya prativacanamāha māṃ ceti | castvarthaḥ | māmeveśvaraṃ nārāyaṇaṃ sarvabhūtāntaryāmiṇaṃ māyayā kṣetrajñatāmāgataṃ paramānandaghanaṃ bhagavantaṃ vāsudevamavyabhicāreṇa paramapremalakṣaṇena bhaktiyogena dvādaśādhyāyoktena yaḥ sevate sadā cintayati sa madbhakta etān prāguktān guṇān samatītya samyagatikramyādvaitadarśanena bādhitvā brahmabhūyāya brahmabhavanāya mokṣāya kalpate samartho bhavati | sarvadā bhagavaccintanameva guṇātītatvopāya ityarthaḥ ||26||

The Sārārthavarṣiṇī commentary by Viśvanātha

kathaṃ caitān trīn guṇānativartate iti tṛtīyapraśnasyottaramāha māṃ ceti | ca evārthe | māmeva śyāmasundarākāraṃ parameśvaraṃ bhaktiyogena yaḥ sevate sa eva brahmabhūyāya brahmatvāya brahmānubhavāya yāvatbhaktyāhamekayā grāhyaḥ iti madvākye ekayeti viśeṣaṇopanyāsātmāmeva ye prapadyante māyāmetāṃ taranti te ityatrāpi evakāraprayogātbhaktyā vinā prakārāntareṇa brahmānubhavo na bhavatīti niścayāt | bhaktiyogena kīdṛśena | avyabhicāreṇa karmajñānādyamiśreṇa niṣkāmakarmaṇo nyāsaśravaṇāt | jñānaṃ ca mayi sannyasetiti jñānināṃ caramadaśāyāṃ jñānasyāpi nyāsaśravaṇāt | bhaktiyogasya tu kvāpi nyāsāśravaṇātbhaktiyoga eva so'vyabhicāraḥ | tena karmayogam
iva jñānayogamapi parityājya yadyavyabhicāreṇa kevalenaiva bhaktiyogena sevate, tarhi jñānī api guṇātīto bhavati, nānyathā | ananyabhaktastu nirguṇo madapāśrayaḥ ityekādaśokterguṇātīto bhavatyeva | atra idaṃ tattvaṃ VEṛṣE ityatrāsaṅginaḥ karmiṇo jñānino sāttvikatvenaiva sādhakatvāvagatestatsāhacaryātnirguṇo madapāśrayaḥ iti bhaktaḥ sādhaka evāvagamyate | tataśca jñānī jñānasiddhaḥ sanneva sāttvikatvaṃ parityajya guṇātīto bhavati | bhaktastu sādhakadaśāmārabhyaiva guṇātīto bhavatītyartho labhyate | atra cakāro'vadhāraṇārthaḥ iti svāmicaraṇāḥ | māmeveśvaraṃ nārāyaṇamavyabhicāreṇa bhaktiyogena dvādaśādyāyoktena yaḥ sevata iti madhusūdanasarasvatīpādāśca vyācakṣate
||26||

The Gītābhūṣaṇa commentary by Baladeva

kathaṃ caitāṃstrīn guṇānativartata iti tṛtīyapraśnasyottaramāha māṃ ceti | co'vadhāraṇe | nānyaṃ guṇebhyaḥ karāramityādyuktyā yo guṇapuruṣavivekakhyātimavāpa tayaiva tasyā guṇātyayo na saṃsidhyati, kintu tadvānapi yo māṃ kṛṣṇameva māyāguṇāspṛṣṭaṃ māyāniyantāraṃ nāyāyaṇādirūpeṇa bahudhāvirbhūtaṃ cidānandaghanaṃ sārvajñyādiguṇaratnālayamavyabhicāreṇaikāntikena bhaktiyogena sevate śrayati sa etān duratyayānapi guṇānatītyākramya brahmabhūyāya kalpate guṇāṣṭaviśiṣṭatvāya[*ENDNOTE] nijadharmāya yogyo bhavati | taṃ dharmaṃ labhata ityarthaḥ | jīve brahmaśabdas
tūkta eva prk, tathā ca bhaktiśiraskayaiva tadvivekakhyātyā jīvasya svarūpalābho, na tu kevalayā tayetyuktam | yattu brahmabhūyāya ityanena madrūpatāṃ sa yātīti pārthasārathinopadiṣṭamiti vyācaṣṭe | tanniravadhānameva tenaivedaṃ jñānamityādinā mokṣe'pi | svarūpabhedasyābhihitatvātnirañjanaḥ paramaṃ sāmyamupaiti ityādi śrutiṣvapi tatra tasya dṛṣṭatvādaṇutvavibhutvādinityadharmakṛtatvena nityatvācca tadbhedasya tasmādguṇāṣṭakaviśiṣṭatvameva brahaiva san brahmāpyeti iti śrutyau tu brahmasadṛśaḥ san bramāpyeti prāpnotītyarthaḥ | evaupamye'vadhāraṇe iti viśvaprakāśāt | vavā yathā tathaivevaṃ sāmye ityamarakoṣācca | anyathā brahmabhāvottaro brahmāpyayo
na saṅgaccheta | ||26||

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