Bhagavad-gita with four Commentaries [sanskrit]

140,673 words | ISBN-10: 8189564072 | ISBN-13: 9788189564070

The Sanskrit edition of the Bhagavad Gita with four commentaries: (1) The Subodhini by Shridhara (Sridhara Swami), (2) The Gudharthadipika by Madhusudana (Saraswati), (3) The Sararthavarshini by Vishvanatha (Vishwanath Chakravarti) and (4) The Gitabhushana by Baladeva (Vidyabhushan). Original titles: Bhagavadgītā (भगवद्गीता), Śrīdhara (श्रीधर), Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन), Viśvanātha (विश्वनाथ), Baladeva (बलदेव)

Verse 13.7-11

amānitvamadambhitvamahiṃsā kṣāntirārjavam |
ācāryopāsanaṃ śaucaṃ sthairyamātmavinigrahaḥ ||7||
indriyārtheṣu vairāgyamanahaṃkāra eva ca |
janmamṛtyujarāvyādhiduḥkhadoṣānudarśanam ||8||
asaktiranabhiṣvaṅgaḥ putradāragṛhādiṣu |
nityaṃ ca samacittatvamiṣṭāniṣṭopapattiṣu ||9||
mayi cānanyayogena bhaktiravyabhicāriṇī |
viviktadeśasevitvamaratirjanasaṃsadi ||10||
adhyātmajñānanityatvaṃ tattvajñānārthadarśanam |
etajjñānamiti proktamajñānaṃ yadato'nyathā ||11||

The Subodhinī commentary by Śrīdhara

idānīmuktalakṣaṇātkṣetrātatiriktatayā jñeyaṃ śuddhaṃ kṣetrajñaṃ vistareṇa varṇayiṣyan śuddhajñānasādhanānyāha amānitvamiti pañcabhiḥ | amānitvaṃ svaguṇaślāghārāhityam | adambhitvaṃ dambharāhityam | ahiṃsā parapīḍāvarjanam | kṣāntiḥ sahiṣṇutvam | ārjavamavakratā | ācāryopāsanaṃ sadgurusevā | śaucaṃ bāhma ābhyantaraṃ ca | tatra bāhyaṃ mṛjjalādinā, ābhyantaraṃ ca rāgādimalakṣālanam | tathā ca śrutiḥ

śaucaṃ ca dvividhaṃ proktaṃ
bāhyamabhyantaraṃ tathā |
mṛjjalābhyāṃ smṛtaṃ bāhyaṃ
bhāvaśuddhistathāntaram || iti |

dhairyaṃ sanmārge pravṛttasya tadekaniṣṭhatā | ātmavinigrahaḥ śarīrasaṃyamaḥ | etajjñānamiti proktamiti pañcamenānvayaḥ || kiṃ ca mayīti | mayi parameśvare | ananyayogena sarvātmadṛṣṭyā | avyābhicāriṇyekāntā bhaktiḥ | viviktaḥ śuddhacittaprasādakaraḥ | taṃ deśaṃ sevituṃ śīlaṃ yasya tasya bhāvastattvam | prākṛtānāṃ janānāṃ saṃsadi sabhāyāmaratī ratyabhāvaḥ | kiṃ ca adhyātmeti | ātmānamadhikṛtya vartamānaṃ jñānamadhyātmajñānam | tasminnityatvaṃ nityabhāvaḥ | tattvaṃ padārthabuddhiniṣṭhatvamityarthaḥ | tattvajñānasyārthaḥ
prayojanaṃ mokṣastasya darśanaṃ mokṣasya sarvotkṛṣṭatvālocanamityarthaḥ | etadamānitvamadambhitvamityādi viṃśatisaṅkhyakaṃ yaduktametajjñānamiti proktaṃ vaśiṣṭhādibhiḥ jñānasādhanatvāt |to'nyathāsmādviparītaṃ mānitvādi yattadajñānamiti proktam | jñānavirodhitvātataḥ sarvathā tyājyamityarthaḥ ||711||

The Gūḍhārthadīpikā commentary by Madhusūdana

evaṃ kṣetraṃ pratipādya tatsākṣiṇaṃ kṣetrajñaṃ kṣetrādvivekena vistarātpratipādayituṃ tajjñānayogyatvāyāmānitvādisādhanānyāha jñeyaṃ yattadityataḥ prāktanaiḥ pañcabhiḥ amānitvamiti | vidyamānairavidyamānairvā guṇairātmanaḥ ślāghanaṃ mānitvaṃ, lābhapūjākhyātyarthaṃ svadharmaprakaṭīkaraṇaṃ dāmbhitvaṃ, kāyavāṅmanobhiḥ prāṇināṃ pīḍanaṃ hiṃsā, teṣāṃ varjanamamānitvamadambhitvamahiṃsetyuktam | parāparādhe cittavikārahetau prāpte'pi nirvikāracittatayā tadaparādhasahanaṃ
kṣāntiḥ | ārjavamakauṭilyaṃ yathāhṛdayaṃ vyavaharaṇaṃ parapratāraṇārāhityamiti yāvat | ācāryo mokṣasādhanasyopadeṣṭātra vivakṣito na tu manūkta upanīyādhyāpakaḥ | tasya śuśrūṣānamaskārādiprayogeṇa sevanamācāryopāsanam | śaucaṃ bāhyaṃ kāyamalānāṃ mṛjjalābhyāṃ kṣālanamābhyantaraṃ ca manomalānāṃ rāgādīnāṃ viṣayadoṣadarśanarūpapratipakṣabhāvanayāpanayanam | sthairyaṃ mokṣasādhane pravṛttasyānekavidhavighnaprāptāvapi tadaparityāgena punaḥ punaryatrādhikyam | ātmavinigraha ātmano dehendriyasaṃghātasya
svabhāvaprāptāṃ mokṣapratikūle pravṛttiṃ nirudhya mokṣasādhana eva vyavasthāpanam ||7||
kiṃ ca indriyārtheṣu śabdādiṣu dṛṣṭeṣvānuśravikeṣu bhogeṣu rāgavirodhinyaspṛhātmikā cittavṛttirvairāgyam | ātmaślāghanābhāve'pi manasi prādurbhūto'haṃ sarvotkṛṣṭa iti garvo'haṅkārastadabhāvo'nahaṅkāraḥ | ayogavyavacchedārthamevakāraḥ | samuccayārthaścakāraḥ | tenāmānitvādīnāṃ viṃśatisaṅkhyākānāṃ samucito yoga eva jñānamiti proktaṃ na tvekasyāpyabhāva ityarthaḥ | janmano garbhavāsayonidvāraniḥsaraṇarūpasya mṛtyoḥ sarvamarmacchedanarūpasya jarāyāḥ prajñāśaktitejonirodhaparaparibhavādirūpāyā vyādhīnāṃ jvarātisārādirūpāṇāṃ duḥkhānām
iṣṭaviyogāniṣṭasaṃyogāniṣṭasaṃyogāniṣṭasaṃyogajānāmadhyātmādhibhūtādhidaivanimittānāṃ doṣasya vātapittaśleṣmamalamūtrādiparipūrṇatvena kāyajugupsitatvasya cānudarśanaṃ punaḥ punarālocanaṃ janmādiduḥkhānteṣu doṣasyānudarśanaṃ janmādivyādhyanteṣu duḥkharūpadoṣasyānudarśanamiti | idaṃ ca viṣayavairāgyahetutvenātmadarśanasyopakaroti ||8||

kiṃ ca | saktirmamedamityetāvanmātreṇa prītiḥ | abhiṣvaṅgastvahamevāyamityananyatvabhāvanayā prītyatiśayo'nyasmin sukhini duḥkhini vāhameva sukhī duḥkhī ceti | tadrāhityamasaktiranabhiṣvaṅga iti coktam | kutra saktyabhiṣvaṅgau varjanīyāvata āha putradāragṛhādiṣu putreṣu dāreṣu gṛheṣu | ādigrahaṇādanyeṣvapi bhṛtyādiṣu sarveṣu snehaviṣayeṣvityarthaḥ | nityaṃ ca sarvadā ca samacittatvaṃ harṣaviṣādaśūnyamanastvamiṣṭāniṣṭopapattiṣu | upapattiḥ prāptiḥ | iṣṭopapattiṣu harṣābhāvo
'niṣṭopapattiṣu viṣādābhāva ityarthaḥ | caḥ samuccaye ||9||

kiṃ ca | mayi ca bhagavati vāsudeve parameśvare bhaktiḥ sarvotkṛṣṭatvajñānapūrvikā prītiḥ | ananyayogena nānyo bhagavato vāsudevātparo'styataḥ sa eva no gatirityevaṃ niścayenāpyavyabhicāriṇī kenāpi pratikūlena hetunā nivārayitumaśakyā | sāpi jñānahetuḥ prītirna yāvanmayi vāsudeva na mucyate dehayogena tāvat[BhP 5.5.6] ityukteḥ |

viviktaḥ svabhāvataḥ saṃskārato śuddho'śucibhiḥ sarpavyāghrādibhiśca rahitaḥ suradhunīpulinādiśritaprasādakaro deśastatsevanaśīlatvaṃ viviktadeśasevitvam | tathā ca śrutiḥ

same śucau śarkarāvahnibālukā
vivarjite śabdajalāśrayādibhiḥ |
mano'nukūle na tu cakṣupīḍane
guhānivātāśrayaṇe prayojayet || [ŚvetU 2.10] iti |

janānāmātmajñānavimukhānāṃ viṣayabhogalampaṭatopadeśakānāṃ saṃsadi samavāye tattvajñānapratikūlāyāmaratiraramaṇaṃ sādhūnāṃ tu saṃsadi tattvajñānānukūlāyāṃ ratirucitaiva | tathā coktam

saṅgaḥ sarvātmanā heyaḥ sa cetyuktaṃ na śakyate |
sa sadbhiḥ saha kartavyaḥ sataḥ saṅgo hi bheṣajam || iti ||10||

kiṃ ca | adhyātmajñānamātmānamadhikṛtya pravṛttamātmānātmavivekajñānamadhyātmajñānaṃ tasminnityatvaṃ tatraiva niṣṭhāvattvam | vivekaniṣṭho hi vākyārthajñānasamartho bhavati | tattvajñānasyāhaṃ brahmāsmīti sākṣātkārasya vedāntavākyakaraṇakasyāmānityatvādisarvasādhanaparipākaphalasyārthaḥ prayojanamavidyātatkāryātmakanikhiladuḥkhanivṛttirūpaḥ paramānandātmāvāptirūpaśca mokṣastasya darśanamālocanam | tattvajñānaphalālocane hi tatsādhane pravṛttiḥ syāt | etadamānitvāditattvajñānārthadarśanāntaṃ viṃśatisaṅkhyākaṃ jñānamiti proktaṃ jñānārthatvāt | ato'nyathāsmādviparītaṃ mānitvādi yattadajñānamiti proktaṃ
jñānavirodhitvāt | tasmādajñānaparityāgena jñānamevopādeyamiti bhāvaḥ ||11||

The Sārārthavarṣiṇī commentary by Viśvanātha

uktalakṣaṇātkṣetrādviviktatayā jñeyau jīvātmaparamātmānau kṣetrajñau vistareṇa varṇayiṣyan tajjñānasya sādhanānyamānitvādīni viṃśatimāha pañcabhiḥ | atrāṣṭadaśa bhaktānāṃ jñānināṃ ca sādhāraṇāni kintu bhaktaiḥ mayi cānanyayogena bhaktiravyabhicāriṇī ityekameva bhagavadanubhavasādhanatvena yatnataḥ kriyate | anyāni spatadaśoktābhyāsavatāṃ teṣāṃ svata evotpadyante na tu teṣu yatna iti sāmpradāyikāḥ | antime dve tu jñānināmasādhāraṇa eva |

atrāmānitvādīni vispaṣṭārthāni | śaucaṃ bāhyamabhyantaraṃ ca tathā ca smṛtiḥ

śaucaṃ ca dvividhaṃ proktaṃ
bāhyamabhyantaraṃ tathā |
mṛjjalābhyāṃ smṛtaṃ bāhyaṃ
bhāvaśuddhistathāntaram || iti |

ātmavinigrahaḥ śarīrasaṃyamaḥ | janmādiṣu duḥkharūpasya doṣasyānudarśanaṃ punaḥ punaḥ paryālocanam | asaktiḥ putrādiṣu prīttyāgo'nabhiṣvaṅgaḥ putrādīnāṃ sukhe duḥkhe cāhameva sukhī duḥkhītyadhyāsābhāva iṣṭāniṣṭayorvyavahārikayorupapattiṣu prāptiṣu nityaṃ sarvadā samacittatvam | mayi śyāmasundarākāre'nanyayogena jñānakarmatapoyogādyamiśraṇena bhaktiścakārādjñānādimiśraṇaprādhānyena ca | ādyā bhaktairanuṣṭheyā dvitīyā jñānibhiriti kecid, anye tvananyā bhaktiryathāpremṇaḥ sādhanaṃ tathā paramātmānubhavasyāpīti
jñāpanārthamatra ṣaṭke'pyuktiriti bhaktā vyācakṣate | jñāninastvananyenaiva yogena sarvātmadṛṣṭyeti | avyabhicāriṇī pratidinameva kartavyā | kenāpi nivārayitumaśakyā iti madhusūdanasarasvatīpādāḥ | ātmānamadhikṛtya vartamāṇaṃ jñānamadhyātmajñānam | tasya nityatvaṃ nityānuṣṭheyatvaṃ padārthaśuddhiniṣṭhatvamityarthaḥ | tattvajñānasyārthaḥ prayojanaṃ mokṣastasya darśanaṃ svābhīṣṭatvenālocanamityarthaḥ | etadviṃśatikaṃ jñānaṃ sādhāraṇyena jīvātmaparamātmanorjñānasya sādhanam | asādhāraṇaṃ paramātmajñānaṃ tvagre vaktavyam | tato'nyathāsmādviparītaṃ
mānitvādikam ||711||

The Gītābhūṣaṇa commentary by Baladeva

athoktātkṣetrādvibhinnatvena jñeyaṃ kṣetrajñadvayaṃ vistareṇa nirūpayiṣyan tajjñānasādhanānyamānitvādīni viṃśatimāha pañcabhiḥ | amānitvaṃ svasatkārānapekṣatvam | adambhitvaṃ dhārmikatvakhātiphalakadharmācaraṇavirahaḥ | ahiṃsā parāpīḍanam | kṣāntirapamānasahiṣṇutā | ārjavaṃ cchadmiṣvapi sāralyam | ācāryopāsanaṃ jñānapradasya gurorakaitavena saṃsevanam | śaucaṃ bāhyābhyantarapāvitryam |

śaucaṃ ca dvividhaṃ proktaṃ
bāhyamabhyantaraṃ tathā |
mṛjjalābhyāṃ smṛtaṃ bāhyaṃ
bhāvaśuddhistathāntaram || iti smṛteḥ |

sthairyaṃ sadvartmaikaniṣṭhatvam | ātmavinigrahaḥ ātmānusandhipratīpādviṣayānmanaso niyamanam | indriyārtheṣu śabdādiviṣayeṣu pratīpeṣu vairāgyaṃ rucyabhāvaḥ | anahaṅkāro dehādiṣvātmābhimānatyāgaḥ | janmādiṣu duḥkharūpasya doṣasyānudarśanaṃ punaḥ punaścintanam | putrādiṣu paramārthapratīpeṣvasaktiḥ pītityāgaḥ | anabhiṣvaṅgasteṣu sukhiṣu duḥkhiṣu ca satsu tatsukhaduḥkhānabhiniveśaḥ | iṣṭāniṣṭānāmanukūlapratikūlānāmarthānāmupapattiṣu
prāptiṣu samacittatvaṃ harṣaviṣādavirahaḥ | nityaṃ sarvadā |

mayi parameśe'vyābhicāriṇī sthirā bhaktiḥ śravaṇādyā | ananyayogenaikāntitvena madbhaktasevā | tathā viviktadeśasevitvaṃ nirjanasthānapriyatā janānāṃ grāmyāṇāṃ saṃsadi ratityāgaḥ | adhyātmamātmani yajjñānaṃ tasya nityatvaṃ sarvadā vimṛśyatvam | tattvaṃ tvahaṃ paraṃ brahma vadanti tattvavidastattvaṃ yajjñānamadvayamityādi smṛteḥ | tajjñānasya yo'rthastatprāptilakṣaṇastasya darśanaṃ hṛdi smaraṇam | etadamānitvādikaṃ jñānaṃ paramparayā sākṣācca tadupalabdhisādhanaṃ proktam | jñāyate upalabhyate'nena iti vyutpatteḥ | yattato'nyathā viparītaṃ mānitvādi tadajñānaṃ
tadupalabdhivirodhīti ||711||

__________________________________________________________

Let's grow together!

I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased sources, definitions and images. Your donation direclty influences the quality and quantity of knowledge, wisdom and spiritual insight the world is exposed to.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: