Bhagavad-gita with four Commentaries [sanskrit]

140,673 words | ISBN-10: 8189564072 | ISBN-13: 9788189564070

The Sanskrit edition of the Bhagavad Gita with four commentaries: (1) The Subodhini by Shridhara (Sridhara Swami), (2) The Gudharthadipika by Madhusudana (Saraswati), (3) The Sararthavarshini by Vishvanatha (Vishwanath Chakravarti) and (4) The Gitabhushana by Baladeva (Vidyabhushan). Original titles: Bhagavadgītā (भगवद्गीता), Śrīdhara (श्रीधर), Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन), Viśvanātha (विश्वनाथ), Baladeva (बलदेव)

sahasrayugaparyantamaharyadbrahmaṇo viduḥ |
rātriṃ yugasahasrāntāṃ te'horātravido janāḥ ||17||

The Subodhinī commentary by Śrīdhara

nanu ca tapasvino dānaśīlā vītarāgāstitikṣavaḥ | trailokyasoparisthānaṃ labhante lokavarjitam | ityādi purāṇavākyaistrailokyasya sakāśānmaharlokādīnāmutkṛṣṭatvaṃ gamyate | vināśitve ca sarveṣāmavaśiṣṭe kathamasau viśeṣaḥ syādityāśaṅkya bahvalpakālasthāyitvanimitto'sau viśeṣa ityāśayena svamānena śatavarṣāyuṣo brahmaṇo'hanyahani trilokya utpattiḥ niśi niśi ca pralayo bhavatīti darśayiṣyan brahmaṇo'horātrayoḥ pramāṇamāha sahasreti |

sahasraṃ yugāni paryanto'vasānaṃ ysya tadbrahmaṇo yadahastadye viduḥ yugasahasramanto yasyāstāṃ rātriṃ ca yogabalena ye vidusta eva sarvajñā janā ahorātravidaḥ | yeṣāṃ tu kevalaṃ candrādityagatyaiva jñānaṃ te tathāhorātravido na bhavanti | alpadarśitvāt | yugaśabdena atra caturyugamabhipretaṃ caturyugasahasraṃ tu brahmaṇo dinamucyate iti viṣṇupurāṇokteḥ | brahmaṇa iti ca maharlokādivāsināmupalakṣaṇārtham | tatrāyaṃ kālagaṇanāprakāraḥ | manuṣyāṇāṃ yadvarṣaṃ taddevānāmahorātram | tādṛśairahorātraiḥ pakṣamāsādikalpanayā dvādaśabhirvarṣasahasraiś
caturyugaṃ bhavati | caturyugasahasraṃ tu brahmaṇo dinam | tāvatparimāṇaiva rātristādṛśairahorātraiḥ pakṣamāsādikrameṇa varṣaśataṃ brahmaṇaḥ paramāyuriti ||17||

The Gūḍhārthadīpikā commentary by Madhusūdana

brahmalokasahitāḥ sarve lokāḥ punarāvartinaḥ | kasmāt? kālaparicchinnatvādityāha sahasreti | manuṣyaparimāṇena sahasrayugaparyantaṃ sahasraṃ yugāni caturyugāni paryanto'vasānaṃ yasya tat | caturyugasahasraṃ tu brahmaṇo dinamucyate iti hi paurāṇikaṃ vacanam | tādṛśaṃ brahmaṇaḥ prajāpaterahardinaṃ yadye viduḥ tathā rātriṃ yugasahasrāntāṃ caturyugasahasraparyantāṃ ye vidurityanuvartate te'horātravidasta evāhorātravido yogino janāḥ | ye tu candrārkagatyaiva viduste nāhorātravidaḥ svalpadarśitvādityabhiprāyaḥ ||17||

The Sārārthavarṣiṇī commentary by Viśvanātha

nanu amṛtaṃ kṣemamabhayaṃ trimūrdhno'dhāyi mūrdhasu (BhP 2.6.19) iti dvitīyaskandhoktyā keṣāṃcinmate brahmalokasya abhayatvaśravaṇāt | sannyāsibhirapi jagamiṣitatvāttatratyānāṃ pāto na sambhāvyate ? maivam | tallokasvāmino brahmaṇo'pi pātaḥ syātkimutānyeṣāmiti vyañjayannāha sahasra iti | sahasraṃ yugāni paryanto'vasānaṃ yasya tadbrahmaṇo'hardinaṃ yadye śāstrābhijñā vidurjānanti te'horātravido janā rātrimapi tasya yugasahasrāntāṃ viduḥ | tena tādṛśāhorātraiḥ pakṣamāsādikrameṇa varṣaśataṃ brahmaṇaḥ paramāyuriti | etadante tasyāpi pāto na kasyacidvaiṣṇavasya
tasya brahmaṇo mokṣaśceti vyañjitam ||17||

The Gītābhūṣaṇa commentary by Baladeva

svargādayaḥ satyāntāḥ sarve lokāḥ kālaparicchinnatvādvinaśyantīti bhāvenāha sahasreti | yadye brahmaṇaścaturmukhasyāhardinaṃ nṛmāṇena sahasrayugaparyantaṃ viduḥ caturyugasahasraṃ tu brahmaṇo dinamucyate iti smṛteḥ | sahasraṃ caturyugāni paryanto'vasānaṃ yasya tat | tasya rātriṃ ca caturyugasahasrāntāṃ vidusta eva yogino janā ahorātravido bhavanti | na tvanye candrārkagativido maharlokādisthitānāmupalakṣaṇametat | ayamarthaḥ nṝṇāṃ varṣaṃ devānāmahorātraṃ tādṛśairahorātraiḥ pakṣamāsādigaṇanayā dvādaśabhri varṣasahasraiścaturyugaṃ
caturyugānāṃ sahasraṃ tu brahmaṇo dinaṃ rātriśca tāvatyeva tādṛśaiścāhorātraiḥ pakṣādigaṇanayā varṣaśataṃ tasya paramāyuriti | tadante tallokasya tadvartināṃ ca vināśādāvṛttiḥ siddheti ||17||

__________________________________________________________

Let's grow together!

I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased sources, definitions and images. Your donation direclty influences the quality and quantity of knowledge, wisdom and spiritual insight the world is exposed to.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: