Bhagavad-gita with four Commentaries [sanskrit]

140,673 words | ISBN-10: 8189564072 | ISBN-13: 9788189564070

The Sanskrit edition of the Bhagavad Gita with four commentaries: (1) The Subodhini by Shridhara (Sridhara Swami), (2) The Gudharthadipika by Madhusudana (Saraswati), (3) The Sararthavarshini by Vishvanatha (Vishwanath Chakravarti) and (4) The Gitabhushana by Baladeva (Vidyabhushan). Original titles: Bhagavadgītā (भगवद्गीता), Śrīdhara (श्रीधर), Madhusūdana (मधुसूदन), Viśvanātha (विश्वनाथ), Baladeva (बलदेव)

dūreṇa hyavaraṃ karma buddhiyogāddhanaṃjaya |
buddhau śaraṇamanviccha kṛpaṇāḥ phalahetavaḥ ||49||

The Subodhinī commentary by Śrīdhara

kāmyaṃ tu karmātinikṛṣṭamityāha dūreṇeti | buddhyā vyavasāyātmikayā kṛtaḥ karmayogo buddhiyogo buddhisādhanabhūto , tasmātsakāśādanyatsādhanabhūtaṃ kāmyaṃ karma dūreṇa avaraṃ atyantamapakṛṣṭaṃ hi | yasmādevaṃ tasmādbuddhau jñāne śaraṇamāśrayaṃ karmayogamanviccha anutiṣṭha | yadvā buddhau śaraṇaṃ trātāramīśvaramāśrayetyarthaḥ | phalaheturastu sakāmā narāḥ kṛpaṇā dīnāḥ yo etadakṣaraṃ gārgyaviditvā asmāllokātpraiti sa kṛpaṇa [BAU 3.8.10] iti śruteḥ ||49||

The Gūḍhārthadīpikā commentary by Madhusūdana

nanu kiṃ karmānuṣṭhānameva puruṣārtho yena niṣphalameva sadā kartavyamityucyate prayojanamanuddiśya na mando'pi pravartate iti nyāyāt | tadvaraṃ phalakāmanayaiva karmānuṣṭhānamiti cennetyāha dūreṇeti | buddhiyogādātmabuddhisādhanabhūtānniṣkāmakarmayogāddūreṇātiviprakarṣeṇāvaramadhamaṃ karma phalābhisandhinā kriyamāṇaṃ janmamaraṇahetubhūtam | athavā paramātmabuddhiyogāddūreṇāvaraṃ sarvamapi karma yasmād, he dhanañjaya, tasmādbuddhau paramātmabuddhau sarvānarthanivartikāyāṃ śaraṇaṃ pratibandhakapāpakṣayeṇa rakṣakaṃ niṣkāmakarmayogamanviccha kartumiccha
| ye tu phalahetavaḥ phalakāmā avaraṃ karma kurvanti te kṛpaṇāḥ sarvadā janmamaraṇādighaṭīyantrabhramaṇena paravaśā atyantadīnā ityarthaḥ | yo etadakṣaraṃ gārgyaviditvā asmāllokātpraiti sa kṛpaṇa [BAU 3.8.10] iti śruteḥ | tathā ca tvamapi kṛpaṇo bhūḥ kintu sarvānarthanivartakātmajñānotpādakaṃ niṣkāmakarmayogamevānutiṣṭhetyabhiprāyaḥ | yathā hi kṛpaṇā janā atiduḥkhena dhanamarjayanto yatkiṃciddṛṣṭasukhamātralobhena dānādijanitaṃ mahatsukhamanubhavituṃ na śaknuvantītyātmānameva vañcayanti tathā mahatā duḥkhena karmāṇi kurvāṇāḥ kṣudraphalamātralobhena paramānandānubhavena
vañcitā ityaho daurbhāgyaṃ mauḍhyaṃ ca teṣāmiti kṛpaṇapadena dhvanitam ||49||

The Sārārthavarṣiṇī commentary by Viśvanātha

sakāmakarma nindati dūreṇeti | avaramatinikṛṣṭaṃ kāmyaṃ karma | buddhiyogātparameśvarārpitaniṣāmakarmayogāt | buddhau niṣkāmakarmaṇyeva buddhiyogo niṣkāmakarmayogaḥ ||49||

The Gītābhūṣaṇa commentary by Baladeva

atha kāmyakarmaṇo nikṛṣṭatvamāha dūreṇeti | buddhiyogādavaraṃ karma dūreṇa, he dhanañjaya, ātmayāthātmyabuddhisādhanabhūtānniṣkāmakarmayogātdūreṇātiviprakarṣeṇāvaramatyapakṛṣṭaṃ janmamaraṇādyanarthanimittaṃ kāmyaṃ karmetyarthaḥ | hi yasmādevamatastvaṃ buddhau tadyāthātmyajñāne śaraṇamāśrayaṃ niṣkāmakarmayogamanviccha kuru | ye tu phalahetavaḥ phalakāmā avarakarmakāriṇaste kṛpaṇāstatphalajanmakarmādipravāhaparavaśā dīnā ityarthaḥ | tathā ca tvaṃ kṛpaṇo mābhūriti iha kṛpaṇāḥ khalu kaṣṭopārjitavittādṛṣṭasukhalavalubdhā vittāni dātumasamarthā mahatā
dānasukhena vañcitāstathā kaṣṭānuṣṭhitakarmāṇastucchatatphalalubdhā mahatātmasukhena vañcitā bhavantīti vyajyate ||49||

__________________________________________________________

Let's grow together!

I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased sources, definitions and images. Your donation direclty influences the quality and quantity of knowledge, wisdom and spiritual insight the world is exposed to.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: