by Hermann Oldenberg | 1886 | 27,388 words

Most of the questions referring to the Grihya-sutra of Ashvalayana will be treated of more conveniently in connection with the different subjects which we shall have to discuss in our General Introduction to the Grihya-sutras. Alternative titles: Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra (आश्वलायन-गृह्य-सूत्र), Ashvalayana, grhya, Āśvalāyanagṛhyasūtra (आश्वलायनगृह्य...

Adhyāya I, Kaṇḍikā 6

1[1]. (The father) may give away the girl, having decked her with ornaments, pouring out a libation of water: this is the wedding (called) Brāhma. A son born by her (after a wedding of this kind) brings purification to twelve descendants and to twelve ancestors on both (the husband's and the wife's) sides.

2[2]. He may give her, having decked her with ornaments, to an officiating priest, whilst a sacrifice with the three (Śrauta) fires is going on: this (is the wedding called) Daiva. (A son) brings purification to ten descendants and to ten ancestors on both sides.

3[3]. They fulfil the law together: this (is the wedding called) Prājāpatya. (A son) brings purification to eight descendants and to eight ancestors on both sides.

4[4]. He may marry her after having given a bull and a cow (to the girl's father): this (is the wedding called) Ārsha. (A son) brings purification to seven descendants and to seven ancestors on both sides.

5[5]. He may marry her, after a mutual agreement has been made (between the lover and the damsel): this (is the wedding called) Gāndharva.

6[6]. He may marry her after gladdening (her father) by money: this (is the wedding called) Āsura.

7[7]. He may carry her off while (her relatives) sleep or pay no attention: this (is the wedding called) Paiśāca.

8[8]. He may carry her off, killing (her relatives) and cleaving (their) heads, while she weeps and they weep: this (is the wedding called) Rākṣasa.

Footnotes and references:


6, 1. Comp. Vasiṣṭha I, 30; Āpastamba II, 11, 17; Baudhāyana I, 20, 2.


Vasiṣṭha I, 31; Āpastamba II, 11, 19; Baudhāyana I, 20, 5.


Baudhāyana I, 20, 3.


Vasiṣṭha I, 32; Āpastamba II, 11, 18; Baudhāyana I, 20, 4.


Vasiṣṭha I, 33; Āpastamba II, II, 20; Baudhāyana I, 20, 6.


Vasiṣṭha I, 35 (where this rite is designated as Mānuṣa); Āpastamba II, 12, 1; Baudhāyana I, 20, 7.


Baudhāyana I, 20, 9.


Vasiṣṭha I, 34 (where this rite is called Kṣātra); Āpastamba II, a 1, 2; Baudhāyana I, 20, 8. The text of this Sūtra seems to be based on a hemistich hatvā bhittvā ca śīrṣāṇi rudadbhyo rudatīṃ haret; comp. Manu III, 33.

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