Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 20.14

क्व चास्ति क्व च वा नास्ति क्वास्ति चैकं क्व च द्वयम् ।
बहुनाऽत्र किमुक्तेन किञ्चिन्नोत्तिष्ठते मम ॥ १४ ॥

kva cāsti kva ca vā nāsti kvāsti caikaṃ kva ca dvayam |
bahunā'tra kimuktena kiñcinnottiṣṭhate mama || 14 ||

There is no being or non-being, no unity or dualism. What more is there to say? Nothing arises out of me.

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (20.14). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kva, Asti, Var, Nasti, Aika, Dvayam, Dvaya, Atra, Kim, Ukta, Kincid, Tti, Tha, Tad, Yushmad, Asmad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 20.14). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kva cāsti kva ca nāsti kvāsti caikaṃ kva ca dvayam
  • kva -
  • kva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • asti -
  • asti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    astī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    astī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    astī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [present active third single]
  • kva -
  • kva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vā* -
  • vār (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vār (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    va (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • nāsti -
  • nāsti (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • kvā -
  • kva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ku (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • asti -
  • asti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    astī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    astī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    astī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [present active third single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aikam -
  • aika (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    aika (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    aikā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • kva -
  • kva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dvayam -
  • dvayam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    dvaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dvaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “bahunā'tra kimuktena kiñcinnottiṣṭhate mama
  • bahunā' -
  • atra -
  • atra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    atra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    atra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • uktena -
  • ukta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ukta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    vac -> ukta (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental single from √vac class 2 verb], [instrumental single from √vac class 3 verb]
    vac -> ukta (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental single from √vac class 2 verb], [instrumental single from √vac class 3 verb]
  • kiñcin -
  • kiñcid (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • no -
  • nu (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • ttiṣ -
  • tti (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ṭha -
  • ṭha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • mama -
  • asmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 3)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 20.14

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

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Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

Buy now!
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