Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 19.3

क्व भूतं क्व भविष्यद्वा वर्तमानमपि क्व वा ।
क्व देशः क्व च वा नित्यं स्वमहिम्नि स्थितस्य मे ॥ ३ ॥

kva bhūtaṃ kva bhaviṣyadvā vartamānamapi kva vā |
kva deśaḥ kva ca vā nityaṃ svamahimni sthitasya me || 3 ||

For me established in my own glory, there is no past, future or present. There is no space or even eternity.

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (19.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Bhuta, Bhavishyat, Var, Vartamana, Desha, Nitya, Sva, Ahi, Sthita, Asmad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 19.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “kva bhūtaṃ kva bhaviṣyadvā vartamānamapi kva vā”
  • kva -
  • kva (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • bhūtam -
  • bhūta (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    bhūtam (adverb)
    bhūtam (accusative single)
    bhūta (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    bhūtam (adverb)
    bhūtam (nominative single)
    bhūtam (accusative single)
    bhūtā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    bhūtam (adverb)
    bhū (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    bhūtam (injunctive active second dual)
  • kva -
  • kva (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • bhaviṣyad -
  • bhaviṣyat (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    (compound)
    bhaviṣyat (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    bhaviṣyat (nominative single)
    bhaviṣyat (vocative single)
    bhaviṣyat (accusative single)
  • vā* -
  • vār (noun, masculine); (3 der.)
    vāḥ (adverb)
    vāḥ (nominative single)
    vāḥ (vocative single)
    vār (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    vāḥ (adverb)
    vāḥ (nominative single)
    vāḥ (vocative single)
    vāḥ (accusative single)
    va (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    vāḥ (nominative plural)
    vāḥ (vocative plural)
    (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    vāḥ (nominative plural)
    vāḥ (vocative plural)
    vāḥ (accusative plural)
  • vartamānam -
  • vartamāna (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    vartamānam (adverb)
    vartamānam (accusative single)
    vartamāna (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    vartamānam (adverb)
    vartamānam (nominative single)
    vartamānam (accusative single)
    vartamānā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    vartamānam (adverb)
    vṛt -> vartamāna (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    vartamānam (accusative single), from √vṛt (class 1 verb)
    vṛt -> vartamāna (participle, neuter); (2 der.)
    vartamānam (nominative single), from √vṛt (class 1 verb)
    vartamānam (accusative single), from √vṛt (class 1 verb)
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable preposition)
    ap (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    api (locative single)
  • kva -
  • kva (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • -
  • (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    (nominative single)
    (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    (imperative active second single)
  • Line2: “kva deśaḥ kva ca vā nityaṃ svamahimni sthitasya me”
  • kva -
  • kva (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • deśaḥ -
  • deśa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    deśaḥ (nominative single)
  • kva -
  • kva (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    ca (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
    ca (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
  • vā* -
  • vār (noun, masculine); (3 der.)
    vāḥ (adverb)
    vāḥ (nominative single)
    vāḥ (vocative single)
    vār (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    vāḥ (adverb)
    vāḥ (nominative single)
    vāḥ (vocative single)
    vāḥ (accusative single)
    va (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    vāḥ (nominative plural)
    vāḥ (vocative plural)
    (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    vāḥ (nominative plural)
    vāḥ (vocative plural)
    vāḥ (accusative plural)
  • nityam -
  • nityam (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    nitya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    nityam (adverb)
    nityam (accusative single)
    nitya (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    nityam (adverb)
    nityam (nominative single)
    nityam (accusative single)
    nityā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    nityam (adverb)
  • svam -
  • sva (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    svam (adverb)
    svam (accusative single)
    svan (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    svam (adverb)
    svan (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    svam (adverb)
    sva (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    svam (nominative single)
    svam (accusative single)
  • ahim -
  • ahi (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    ahim (accusative single)
  • ni -
  • ni (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    ni (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    ni (nominative single)
    ni (vocative single)
    ni (accusative single)
    ni (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    ni (adverb)
    (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    ni (compound)
    ni (adverb)
    ni (nominative single)
    ni (vocative single)
    ni (accusative single)
    (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    ni (adverb)
  • sthitasya -
  • sthita (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    sthitasya (genitive single)
    sthita (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    sthitasya (genitive single)
    sthā -> sthita (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    sthitasya (genitive single), from √sthā (class 1 verb)
    sthā -> sthita (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    sthitasya (genitive single), from √sthā (class 1 verb)
  • me -
  • ma (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    me (locative single)
    ma (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    me (nominative dual)
    me (vocative dual)
    me (accusative dual)
    me (locative single)
    (noun, feminine); (8 der.)
    me (nominative dual)
    me (vocative single)
    me (vocative dual)
    me (accusative dual)
    me (nominative dual)
    me (vocative single)
    me (vocative dual)
    me (accusative dual)
    asmad (pronoun, none); (2 der.)
    me (dative single)
    me (genitive single)

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 19.3

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

Buy now!
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