Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 18.77

ज्ञानाद्गलितकर्मा यो लोकदृष्ट्यापि कर्मकृत् ।
नाप्नोत्यवसरं कर्तुं वक्तुमेव न किञ्चन ॥ ७७ ॥

jñānādgalitakarmā yo lokadṛṣṭyāpi karmakṛt |
nāpnotyavasaraṃ kartuṃ vaktumeva na kiñcana || 77 ||

Though in the eyes of the world he is active, the man who has shed action through knowledge finds no means of doing or speaking anything.

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (18.77). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Jnana, Galita, Yah, Loka, Drishti, Drishtin, Api, Karmakrit, Nabh, Nri, Uti, Avasara, Kartu, Eva, Kincana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 18.77). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “jñānādgalitakarmā yo lokadṛṣṭyāpi karmakṛt
  • jñānād -
  • jñāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • galita -
  • galita (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    galita (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • karmā -
  • yo* -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • loka -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dṛṣṭyā -
  • dṛṣṭi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [instrumental single]
    dṛṣṭin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single]
    dṛṣṭin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    dṛṣṭī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [instrumental single]
    dṛṣṭī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [instrumental single]
    dṛṣṭī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • āpi -
  • āpi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    āpi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    āpi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    āpī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    āpī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    āpī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • karmakṛt -
  • karmakṛt (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    karmakṛt (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “nāpnotyavasaraṃ kartuṃ vaktumeva na kiñcana
  • nāp -
  • nābh (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • no -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    nu (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • ūtya -
  • ūti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ūti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    u -> ūtya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √u]
    u -> ūtya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √u]
    u -> ūtya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √u]
  • avasaram -
  • avasara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • kartum -
  • kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kartu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    kartu (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • vaktum -
  • vac -> vaktum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √vac]
    vac -> vaktum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √vac]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kiñcana -
  • kiñcana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kiñcana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 18.77

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

Buy now!
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