Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 17.19

निर्ममो निरहंकारो न किञ्चिदिति निश्चितः ।
अन्तर्गलितसर्वाशः कुर्वन्नपि न लिप्यते ॥ १९ ॥

nirmamo nirahaṃkāro na kiñciditi niścitaḥ |
antargalitasarvāśaḥ kurvannapi na lipyate || 19 ||

Free of “me” and “mine” and of a sense of responsibility, aware that “Nothing exists”, with all desires extinguished within, a man does not act even in acting.

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (17.19). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Nirmama, Nirahankara, Kincid, Kincit, Iti, Nishcita, Antar, Galita, Saru, Sarva, Ashas, Asha, Kurvat, Api,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 17.19). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “nirmamo nirahaṃkāro na kiñ;ciditi niścitaḥ
  • nirmamo* -
  • nirmama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • nirahaṅkāro* -
  • nirahaṅkāra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kiñcid -
  • kiñcid (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    kiñcit (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    kiñcit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    kiñcit (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • niścitaḥ -
  • niścita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “antargalitasarvāśaḥ kurvannapi na lipyate
  • antar -
  • antar (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    antar (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • galita -
  • galita (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    galita (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sarvā -
  • saru (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    saru (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    saru (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [instrumental single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sarva (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    sarvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • āśaḥ -
  • āśas (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    āśa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kurvann -
  • kurvat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
    kṛ -> kurvat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • lipyate -
  • lip (verb class 1)
    [present passive third single]
    lip (verb class 6)
    [present passive third single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 17.19

Cover of edition (1994)

Ashtavakra Gita (song of Ashtavakra)
by John Richards (1994)

Or the Song of Ashtavakra, Ashtavakra Samhita

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

Buy now!
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