Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 17.4

यस्तु भोगेषु भुक्तेषु न भवत्यधिवासितः ।
अभुक्तेषु निराकाङ्क्षी तादृशो भवदुर्लभः ॥ ४ ॥

yastu bhogeṣu bhukteṣu na bhavatyadhivāsitaḥ |
abhukteṣu nirākāṅkṣī tādṛśo bhavadurlabhaḥ || 4 ||

Not attached to the things he has enjoyed, and not hankering after the things he has not enjoyed, such a man is hard to find.

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (17.4). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yah, Bhoga, Bhukta, Bhavati, Bhavat, Bhavant, Adhivasita, Abhukta, Niraka, Ankshi, Tadrish, Tadrisha, Labha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 17.4). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yastu bhogeṣu bhukteṣu na bhavatyadhivāsitaḥ
  • yas -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • bhogeṣu -
  • bhoga (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    bhoga (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • bhukteṣu -
  • bhukta (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    bhukta (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhavatya -
  • bhavatī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    bhavat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhavat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    bhavant (pronoun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhavant (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    bhavant (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • adhivāsitaḥ -
  • adhivāsita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “abhukteṣu nirākāṅkṣī tādṛśo bhavadurlabhaḥ
  • abhukteṣu -
  • abhukta (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    abhukta (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • nirākā -
  • nirāka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • āṅkṣī -
  • āṅkṣī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
  • tādṛśo* -
  • tādṛś (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    tādṛś (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    tādṛśa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • bhavad -
  • bhavat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    bhavat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    bhavant (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ur -
  • u (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • labhaḥ -
  • labha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 17.4

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

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Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

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