Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 16.1

अष्टावक्र उवाच ।
आचक्ष्व शृणु वा तात नानाशास्त्राण्यनेकशः ।
तथापि न तव स्वास्थ्यं सर्वविस्मरणादृते ॥ १ ॥

aṣṭāvakra uvāca |
ācakṣva śṛṇu vā tāta nānāśāstrāṇyanekaśaḥ |
tathāpi na tava svāsthyaṃ sarvavismaraṇādṛte || 1 ||

Ashtavakra: My son, you may recite or listen to countless scriptures, but you will not be established within until you can forget everything.

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (16.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ashtavakra, Aca, Tata, Nana, Ashastra, Anekashah, Tatha, Api, Yushmad, Svasthya, Sarva, Vismarana, Rite, Rita, Riti,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 16.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “aṣṭāvakra uvāca
  • aṣṭāvakra* -
  • aṣṭāvakra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “ācakṣva śṛṇu tāta nānāśāstrāṇyanekaśaḥ
  • āca -
  • āca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ac (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
  • kṣva -
  • śṛṇu -
  • śru (verb class 5)
    [imperative active second single]
  • -
  • (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • tāta -
  • tāta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nānā -
  • nāna (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nānā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aśāstrāṇya -
  • aśāstra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • anekaśaḥ -
  • anekaśaḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • Line 3: “tathāpi na tava svāsthyaṃ sarvavismaraṇādṛte
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tatha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tava -
  • yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]
  • svāsthyam -
  • svāsthya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • sarva -
  • sarva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sarva (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • vismaraṇād -
  • vismaraṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • ṛte -
  • ṛte (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ṛte (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ṛta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ṛta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    ṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ṛti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    ṛti (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 16.1

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

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Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

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