Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 15.20

त्यजैव ध्यानं सर्वत्र मा किञ्चिद्धृदि धारय ।
आत्मा त्वं मुक्त एवासि किं विमृश्य करिष्यसि ॥ २० ॥

tyajaiva dhyānaṃ sarvatra mā kiñciddhṛdi dhāraya |
ātmā tvaṃ mukta evāsi kiṃ vimṛśya kariṣyasi || 20 ||

Give up the practice of concentration completely and hold nothing in your mind. You are free in your very nature, so what will you achieve by working your brain?

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (15.20). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tyaj, Tyaja, Dhyana, Sarvatra, Asmad, Kincid, Hrid, Dharaya, Atman, Atma, Tva, Yushmad, Mukta, Eva, Asi, Kim, Vimrishya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 15.20). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tyajaiva dhyānaṃ sarvatra kiñciddhṛdi dhāraya
  • tyajai -
  • tyaj (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    tyaj (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    tyajā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    tyaj (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • dhyānam -
  • dhyāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dhyāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dhyānā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • sarvatra -
  • sarvatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • -
  • (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative single]
  • kiñciddh -
  • kiñcid (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • hṛdi -
  • hṛd (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • dhāraya -
  • dhāraya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dhāraya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dhṛ (verb class 0)
    [imperative active second single]
  • Line 2: “ātmā tvaṃ mukta evāsi kiṃ vimṛśya kariṣyasi
  • ātmā -
  • ātman (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ātmā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • tvam -
  • tva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tva (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • mukta* -
  • mukta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    muc -> mukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √muc class 6 verb]
    muc -> mukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √muc class 1 verb]
    muj -> mukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √muj class 1 verb]
  • evā -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • asi -
  • asi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    asi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    asī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [present active second single]
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • vimṛśya -
  • vimṛśya (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    vimṛśya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vimṛśya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kariṣyasi -
  • kṛ (verb class 1)
    [future active second single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [future active second single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [future active second single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [future active second single]
    kṛ (verb class 3)
    [future active second single]
    kṛ (verb class 6)
    [future active second single]
    kṝ (verb class 5)
    [future active second single]
    kṝ (verb class 9)
    [future active second single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 15.20

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

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Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

Buy now!
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