Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 10.8

कृतं न कति जन्मानि कायेन मनसा गिरा ।
दुःखमायासदं कर्म तदद्याप्युपरम्यताम् ॥ ८ ॥

kṛtaṃ na kati janmāni kāyena manasā girā |
duḥkhamāyāsadaṃ karma tadadyāpyuparamyatām || 8 ||

How many births have you not done hard and painful labour with body, mind and speech. Now at last stop!

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (10.8). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Krit, Krita, Janma, Janman, Kaya, Manasa, Gir, Gira, Duhkham, Duhkha, Ayasa, Karman, Tada, Api, Upara, Yat, Yata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 10.8). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kṛtaṃ na kati janmāni kāyena manasā girā
  • kṛtam -
  • kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    kṛt (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second dual]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kati -
  • kati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • janmāni -
  • janma (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    janman (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • kāyena -
  • kāya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    kāya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • manasā* -
  • manasa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    manasā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • girā -
  • gir (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    gir (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    gir (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    girā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “duḥkhamāyāsadaṃ karma tadadyāpyuparamyatām
  • duḥkham -
  • duḥkham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    duḥkha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    duḥkha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    duḥkhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • āyāsa -
  • āyāsa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dam -
  • da (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    da (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
  • karma -
  • karman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • tada -
  • tada (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tada (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dyā -
  • (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • apyu -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • uparam -
  • upara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    upara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    uparā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • yatām -
  • yat (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    yatā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, masculine)
    [genitive plural from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [genitive plural from √i class 2 verb]
    yam -> yatā (participle, feminine)
    [accusative single from √yam class 1 verb]
    i (verb class 2)
    [imperative middle third plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 10.8

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

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Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

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