Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 10.5

त्वमेकश्चेतनः शुद्धो जडं विश्वमसत्तथा ।
अविद्यापि न किञ्चित्सा का बुभुत्सा तथापि ते ॥ ५ ॥

tvamekaścetanaḥ śuddho jaḍaṃ viśvamasattathā |
avidyāpi na kiñcitsā kā bubhutsā tathāpi te || 5 ||

You are one, conscious and pure, while all this is just inert non-being. Ignorance itself is nothing, so what need have you of desire to understand?

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (10.5). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tva, Yushmad, Eka, Cetana, Shuddha, Jada, Vishva, Asat, Tatha, Avidya, Api, Kincid, Bubhutsa, Tad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 10.5). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tvamekaścetanaḥ śuddho jaḍaṃ viśvamasattathā
  • tvam -
  • tva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tva (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • ekaś -
  • eka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cetanaḥ -
  • cetana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śuddho* -
  • śuddha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    śudh -> śuddha (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √śudh class 1 verb], [nominative single from √śudh class 4 verb]
  • jaḍam -
  • jaḍa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jaḍa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jaḍā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • viśvam -
  • viśva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    viśva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • asat -
  • asat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    asat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    sas (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “avidyāpi na kiñcitsā bubhutsā tathāpi te
  • avidyā -
  • avidya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    avidya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    avidyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kiñcit -
  • kiñcid (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • -
  • (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • kā* -
  • kās (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • bubhutsā -
  • bubhutsā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tatha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 10.5

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

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Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

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