Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 3.9

धीरस्तु भोज्यमानोऽपि पीड्यमानोऽपि सर्वदा ।
आत्मानं केवलं पश्यन्न तुष्यति न कुप्यति ॥ ९ ॥

dhīrastu bhojyamāno'pi pīḍyamāno'pi sarvadā |
ātmānaṃ kevalaṃ paśyanna tuṣyati na kupyati || 9 ||

Whether feted or tormented, the wise man is always aware of his supreme self-nature and is neither pleased nor disappointed.

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.9). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Dhira, Bhojyamana, Api, Pidyamana, Sarvada, Atman, Kevalam, Kevala, Pashyat, Tushyat, Kupyat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 3.9). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “dhīrastu bhojyamāno'pi pīḍyamāno'pi sarvadā
  • dhīras -
  • dhīra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • bhojyamāno' -
  • bhuj -> bhojyamāna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √bhuj]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • pīḍyamāno' -
  • pīḍ -> pīḍyamāna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √pīḍ class 10 verb]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • sarvadā -
  • sarvadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sarvadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “ātmānaṃ kevalaṃ paśyanna tuṣyati na kupyati
  • ātmānam -
  • ātman (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • kevalam -
  • kevalam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kevala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kevala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kevalā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • paśyann -
  • paśyat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • a -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tuṣyati -
  • tuṣ -> tuṣyat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √tuṣ class 4 verb]
    tuṣ -> tuṣyat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √tuṣ class 4 verb]
    tuṣ (verb class 4)
    [present active third single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kupyati -
  • kup -> kupyat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √kup class 4 verb]
    kup -> kupyat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √kup class 4 verb]
    kup (verb class 4)
    [present active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 3.9

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

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Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

Buy now!
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