Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 2.2

यथा प्रकाशयाम्येको देहमेनं तथा जगत् ।
अतो मम जगत्सर्वमथवा न च किञ्चन ॥ २ ॥

yathā prakāśayāmyeko dehamenaṃ tathā jagat |
ato mama jagatsarvamathavā na ca kiñcana || 2 ||

As I alone give light to this body, so I do to the world, As a result the whole world is mine, or alternatively nothing is.

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.2). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yatha, Prakasha, Amin, Adah, Eka, Deha, Ina, Tatha, Jagat, Atah, Asmad, Jagatsarva, Athava, Kincana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 2.2). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yathā prakāśayāmyeko dehamenaṃ tathā jagat
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • prakāśayā -
  • prakāśā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • amye -
  • amin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single]
    amin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    adaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
  • eko* -
  • eka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • deham -
  • deha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    deha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • e -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    i (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • inam -
  • ina (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ina (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    inā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • tathā* -
  • tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • jagat -
  • jagat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    jagat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “ato mama jagatsarvamathavā na ca kiñcana
  • ato* -
  • ataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • mama -
  • asmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 3)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • jagatsarvam -
  • jagatsarva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • athavā -
  • athavā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kiñcana -
  • kiñcana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kiñcana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 2.2

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

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Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

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