Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 1.20

एकं सर्वगतं व्योम बहिरन्तर्यथा घटे ।
नित्यं निरन्तरं ब्रह्म सर्वभूतगणे तथा ॥ २० ॥

ekaṃ sarvagataṃ vyoma bahirantaryathā ghaṭe |
nityaṃ nirantaraṃ brahma sarvabhūtagaṇe tathā || 20 ||

Just as one and the same all-pervading space exists within and without a jar, so the eternal, everlasting God exists in the totality of things.

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.20). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Eka, Sarvagata, Vyoman, Vyoma, Bahih, Bahi, Bahis, Antarya, Tha, Ghata, Ghati, Nityam, Nitya, Nirantara, Brahma, Brahman, Sarvabhuta, Gana, Gani, Tatha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 1.20). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ekaṃ sarvagataṃ vyoma bahirantaryathā ghaṭe
  • ekam -
  • eka (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    eka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • sarvagatam -
  • sarvagata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sarvagata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sarvagatā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • vyoma -
  • vyoman (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    vyoman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vyoma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bahir -
  • bahiḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bahis (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    bahi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    bahi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • antarya -
  • antarya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    antarya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • thā* -
  • tha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • ghaṭe -
  • ghaṭa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ghaṭa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    ghaṭā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ghaṭi (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    ghaṭ (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • Line 2: “nityaṃ nirantaraṃ brahma sarvabhūtagaṇe tathā
  • nityam -
  • nityam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    nitya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nitya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nityā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • nirantaram -
  • nirantara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nirantara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nirantarā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • brahma -
  • brahma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    brahma (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    brahman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    brahm (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • sarvabhūta -
  • sarvabhūta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sarvabhūta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gaṇe -
  • gaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    gaṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    gaṇi (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    gaṇi (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 1.20

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

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Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

Buy now!
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