Yupa, aka: Yūpa; 10 Definition(s)


Yupa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Yūpa (यूप).—A sacrificial post;1 circumambulation of the, leads to the fruit of Vājapeya;2 in the Gaura hill on the banks of the Ganges where Indra made many sacrifices;3 near Brahmatīrtha where Brahmā performed sacrifice and planted a Yūpa.4

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 148; 94. 17; 97. 28; 106. 43.
  • 2) Ib. 111. 31-2.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 28.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 111. 31.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Yūpa (यूप).—The basic iconic piece that the sthāpaka made and installed was the yūpa, which, in the fire-sacrifice ritual complex, was the post erected at its site to tie the victim and considered in the Atharva Vedic tradition as skambha, world-pillar.

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Yūpa (यूप) or “sacrificial post” for fastening sacrificial animals is made of Khadira wood. But if a post made of wood is not strong enough to hold the animal, then an iron post is to be used, the object being the fastening of the animal, while the material is of less consequence.

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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India history and geogprahy

Yūpa.—(EI 2, 24, 33), sacrificial pillar; it was sometimes made of stone and inscribed. Note: yūpa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

yūpa : (m.) a sacrificial post.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Yūpa, (Vedic yūpa) 1. a sacrificial post D. I, 141; A. IV, 41; J. IV, 302; VI, 211; Miln. 21 (dhamma°); SnA 321, 322; DA. I, 294.—2. a pāsāda, or palace Th. 1, 163=J. II, 334.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

yūpa (यूप).—m S A pillar or post in general.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yūpa (यूप).—m A pillar or post in general.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yūpa (यूप).—[yu-pak pṛṣo° dīrghaḥ; cf. Uṇ.3.27]

1) A sacrificial post (usually made of bamboo or Khadira wood) to which the victim is fastened at the time of immolation; अपेक्ष्यते साधुजनेन वैदिकी श्मशानशूलस्य न यूपसत्क्रिया (apekṣyate sādhujanena vaidikī śmaśānaśūlasya na yūpasatkriyā) Ku.5.73; ग्रामेष्वात्मविसृष्टेषु यूपचिह्नेषु यज्वनाम् (grāmeṣvātmavisṛṣṭeṣu yūpacihneṣu yajvanām) R.1.44.

2) A trophy.

Derivable forms: yūpaḥ (यूपः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yūpa (यूप).—mn.

(-paḥ-paṃ) 1. A sacrificial post, a pillar usually made of bamboos, or the wood of the K'hadira, to which the victim at a sacrifice is bound. 2. A trophy, a column erected in honour of a victory. E. yu to bind, (the victim,) pa Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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