Yogeshvara, Yogeśvara, Yoga-ishvara: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Yogeshvara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Yogeśvara can be transliterated into English as Yogesvara or Yogeshvara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (Y) next»] — Yogeshvara in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Yogeśvara (योगेश्वर).—A manifestation of Hari in the epoch of XIII Manu: a friend of Indra Divaspati.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 32.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Yogeśvara (योगेश्वर) is the deity to be worshipped in the month Pauṣa for the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-Vrata, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-vrata is observed in honour of Śiva for acquiring virtue, great fortune, wealth and for destruction of sins [...] This vrata is to be performed for a year from Mārgaśīra.—In the month of Pauṣa, the tooth-brush is that of khādira-wood. The food taken is candana. The deity to be worshipped is Yogeśvara. The flowers used in worship are marubhaka. The naivedya offerings is odana. The result  accrued is rājasūya.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Yogeśvara (योगेश्वर) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Yogeśvaranṛsiṃha or Yogeśvaranarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.

The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (Y) next»] — Yogeshvara in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Yogeśvara (योगेश्वर) is the name of a Rākṣasa living near the cremation grounds of Mahākāla in Ujjayinī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 12. He taught Yaugandharāyaṇa and Vasantaka a magical charm which allowed them to alter their shape and enter the palace of king Caṇḍamahāsena undetected in order to rescue the captured king Udayana.

In chapter 32, Yaugandharāyaṇa summoned Yogeśvara requesting help with delaying Udayana’s wedding with Kaliṅgasenā: “I [Yaugandharāyaṇa] have managed to gain time, my friend; in that interval do you [Yogeśvara], remaining concealed, observe by your skill the behaviour of Kaliṅgasenā”. And further, “having received this order from the excellent minister [Yaugandharāyaṇa], the Brāhman-Rākṣasa [Yogeśvara] departed, and, disguised by magic, entered the house of Kaliṅgasenā”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Yogeśvara, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)

Yogeśvara (योगेश्वर) is a sculpture found at the temple of Vijayeśvara, at the southern side, superstructure of western śālā.—Once again a small image of seated Śiva is carved with yogapaṭṭa on his legs. The image is quite damaged but the attribute of a snake in the lower right hand helps us to identify it as Śiva Yogeśvara.

Yogeśvara (योगेश्वर) is also found as a sculpture on the exterior (western wall) of the temple of Trailokyeśvara.—Above the image in the arch is Śiva as Yogeśvara with Pārvatī to his left and Nandin at their back. A rocky landscape in the background shows that the God Yogeśvara is on the Kailāsa Mountain. He is seated with his right leg in acute angle and the other in ardhapadma, whereas the goddess has her left leg in acute angle and the other in ardhapadma. His right hand is straight and resting on the knee and her left in similar position makes a beautiful line with a break. His other hand is on her chignon and her right hand is resting on his left thigh. Although it is a yogic scene yet its romantic aspect reminds us verses from Kālidāsa’s Kumārasaṃbhava.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (Y) next»] — Yogeshvara in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Yogeśvara (योगेश्वर) is the name of a Liṅga (symbolical manifestation of Śiva) that is associated with the Yogagaṅgā-tīrtha (a sacred bathing place). It represents the thirty-second of the sixty-four siddhaliṅgas mentioned in the Nepalese Tyasaphu (a folding book or leporello). At each of these spots Śiva is manifest as a Liṅga. Each of these liṅgas (eg., Yoga-īśvara) has its own specific name, mantra, set of rituals and observances, auspicious time etc.

The auspiscious time for bathing near the Yogeśvara-liṅga at the Yogagaṅgā-tīrtha is mentioned as “phālguṇa-śukla aṣṭamī āśvina-kṛṣṇanavamī” (latin: phalguna-shukla ashtami ashvina-krishnanavami). This basically represents the recommended day for bathing there (snānadina).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Yogeśvara (योगेश्वर) refers to “the supreme master of mystic power, Śrī Kṛṣṇa”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Yogeśvara (योगेश्वर) refers to one of the various Ṛṣis (sages) and Mahārṣis (great sages) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Yogeśvara).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (Y) next»] — Yogeshvara in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yōgēśvara (योगेश्वर).—m (S) A title of the Supreme Being. 2 Applied to any eminent yōgī, devotee, or saint.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (Y) next»] — Yogeshvara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yogeśvara (योगेश्वर).—

1) an adept in or a master of Yoga.

2) one who has obtained superhuman faculties.

3) a magician.

4) a deity.

5) an epithet of Śiva.

6) a Vetāla.

7) an epithet of Yājñavalkya.

Derivable forms: yogeśvaraḥ (योगेश्वरः).

Yogeśvara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms yoga and īśvara (ईश्वर). See also (synonyms): yogendra, yogeśa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yogeśvara (योगेश्वर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A principal sage or ascetic. 2. A magician, one who has superhuman faculties. 3. A deity, the object of devout contemplation. E. yoga and īśvara lord.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yogeśvara (योगेश्वर).—[masculine] = [preceding]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Yogeśvara (योगेश्वर) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—med. by Śāmadatta (?) Paṇḍita. B. 4, 234.

2) Yogeśvara (योगेश्वर):—guru of Someśvara (Śrutiśabdārthasamuccaya). Io. 2544.

3) Yogeśvara (योगेश्वर):—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa] He is praised by Bhavānanda ibid. V, 126, and by Vasukalpa V, 128.

4) Yogeśvara (योगेश्वर):—Khecaracandrikā. Yogeśvarapaddhati.

5) Yogeśvara (योगेश्वर):—Brahmabodhinī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yogeśvara (योगेश्वर):—[from yoga] m. a master in magical art (said of a Vetāla), [Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] a master or adept in the Yoga, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Pañcatantra] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a deity, the object of devout contemplation, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of Kṛṣṇa, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) [v.s. ...] of Yājñavalkya, [Catalogue(s)]

6) [v.s. ...] of a son of Deva-hotra, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] of a Brahma-rākṣasa, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

8) [v.s. ...] of various authors and learned men, [Catalogue(s)] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] of [work]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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