Yogeshvara, aka: Yogeśvara, Yoga-ishvara; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Yogeshvara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Yogeśvara can be transliterated into English as Yogesvara or Yogeshvara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana

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Yogeśvara (योगेश्वर).—A manifestation of Hari in the epoch of XIII Manu: a friend of Indra Divaspati.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 32.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

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Yogeśvara (योगेश्वर) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Yogeśvaranṛsiṃha or Yogeśvaranarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.

The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Katha (narrative stories)

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Yogeśvara (योगेश्वर) is the name of a Rākṣasa living near the cremation grounds of Mahākāla in Ujjayinī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 12. He taught Yaugandharāyaṇa and Vasantaka a magical charm which allowed them to alter their shape and enter the palace of king Caṇḍamahāsena undetected in order to rescue the captured king Udayana.

In chapter 32, Yaugandharāyaṇa summoned Yogeśvara requesting help with delaying Udayana’s wedding with Kaliṅgasenā: “I [Yaugandharāyaṇa] have managed to gain time, my friend; in that interval do you [Yogeśvara], remaining concealed, observe by your skill the behaviour of Kaliṅgasenā”. And further, “having received this order from the excellent minister [Yaugandharāyaṇa], the Brāhman-Rākṣasa [Yogeśvara] departed, and, disguised by magic, entered the house of Kaliṅgasenā”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Yogeśvara, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Yogeśvara (योगेश्वर) is a sculpture found at the temple of Vijayeśvara, at the southern side, superstructure of western śālā.—Once again a small image of seated Śiva is carved with yogapaṭṭa on his legs. The image is quite damaged but the attribute of a snake in the lower right hand helps us to identify it as Śiva Yogeśvara.

Yogeśvara (योगेश्वर) is also found as a sculpture on the exterior (western wall) of the temple of Trailokyeśvara.—Above the image in the arch is Śiva as Yogeśvara with Pārvatī to his left and Nandin at their back. A rocky landscape in the background shows that the God Yogeśvara is on the Kailāsa Mountain. He is seated with his right leg in acute angle and the other in ardhapadma, whereas the goddess has her left leg in acute angle and the other in ardhapadma. His right hand is straight and resting on the knee and her left in similar position makes a beautiful line with a break. His other hand is on her chignon and her right hand is resting on his left thigh. Although it is a yogic scene yet its romantic aspect reminds us verses from Kālidāsa’s Kumārasaṃbhava.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

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Yogeśvara (योगेश्वर) is the name of a Liṅga (symbolical manifestation of Śiva) that is associated with the Yogagaṅgā-tīrtha (a sacred bathing place). It represents the thirty-second of the sixty-four siddhaliṅgas mentioned in the Nepalese Tyasaphu (a folding book or leporello). At each of these spots Śiva is manifest as a Liṅga. Each of these liṅgas (eg., Yoga-īśvara) has its own specific name, mantra, set of rituals and observances, auspicious time etc.

The auspiscious time for bathing near the Yogeśvara-liṅga at the Yogagaṅgā-tīrtha is mentioned as “phālguṇa-śukla aṣṭamī āśvina-kṛṣṇanavamī” (latin: phalguna-shukla ashtami ashvina-krishnanavami). This basically represents the recommended day for bathing there (snānadina).

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

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yōgēśvara (योगेश्वर).—m (S) A title of the Supreme Being. 2 Applied to any eminent yōgī, devotee, or saint.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

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Yogeśvara (योगेश्वर).—

1) an adept in or a master of Yoga.

2) one who has obtained superhuman faculties.

3) a magician.

4) a deity.

5) an epithet of Śiva.

6) a Vetāla.

7) an epithet of Yājñavalkya.

Derivable forms: yogeśvaraḥ (योगेश्वरः).

Yogeśvara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms yoga and īśvara (ईश्वर). See also (synonyms): yogendra, yogeśa.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 1624 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Yoga
Yoga (योग, “activities”) refers to one of the five causes of bondage (bandha) according to...
Ishvara
Īśvara (ईश्वर) or Īśvarasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a sātt...
Nandikeshvara
Nandikeśvara (नन्दिकेश्वर) or Nandikeśvarāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptu...
Maheshvara
Maheśvara (महेश्वर).—Another name of Śiva.
Avalokiteshvara
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Rameshvara
Rāmeśvara (रामेश्वर).—There is in South India a very famous holy place called Rāmeśvara and a Ś...
Yogasana
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Parameshvara
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Bhuteshvara
Bhūteśvara (भूतेश्वर) is the name of a sacred spot mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Bhūteśvara ...
Rajayoga
Rājayoga (राजयोग) or “royal yoga” is commonly applied as a retronym—at least since the publicat...
Dhaneshvara
Dhaneśvara (धनेश्वर) or Dhāreśvara is the name of an ancient holy place, according to the Kathā...
Vishveshvara
Viśveśvara (विश्वेश्वर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.27, XIV.8) and repre...
Hathayoga
Haṭhayoga (हठयोग).—a particular mode of Yoga or practising abstract meditation, (so called, as ...
Hatakeshvara
Hāṭakeśvara (हाटकेश्वर).—Name of a form of Śiva; ततोऽधस्ताद्वितले हरो भगवान् हाटकेश्वरः स्वपार्...
Yoga-vasishtha
Yogavāsiṣṭha (योगवासिष्ठ).—Name of a work (treating of the means of obtaining final beatitude b...

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