Yatna: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Yatna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Yatn.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Yatna (यत्न).—Effort in the utterance of a letter; the word which is generally used for such an effort is प्रयत्न (prayatna). This effort is described to be of two kinds आभ्यन्तर (ābhyantara) internal i.e. below the 37 root of the tongue and बाह्य (bāhya) above the root of the tongue i.e. inside the mouth; cf. यत्नं द्विधा (yatnaṃ dvidhā) | आभ्यन्तरो बाह्यश्च (ābhyantaro bāhyaśca) | S. K. on P. I. 1.9;

2) Yatna.—Specific effort, by adding a word to a rule for drawing some inference, with a view to removing some technical difficulty: cf तेन पयो धावती-त्यादौ यत्नान्तरमास्थेयम् (tena payo dhāvatī-tyādau yatnāntaramāstheyam) Kaas. on P. VIII. 2. 25. The phrase कर्तव्योत्र यत्नः (kartavyotra yatnaḥ) often occurs in the Mahaabhaasya.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Yatna (यत्न) refers to one of the five stages of the development of the plot of an epic poem (i.e., Kāryāvasthā).

Kavyashastra book cover
context information

Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Yatna (यत्न) (Cf. Suyatna) refers to “endeavour”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.11.—Accordingly, as Śiva said to Himavat (Himālaya): “[...] O lord of mountains, O best of mountains, now put forth all endeavour [i.e., su-yatna] whereby my penance can be conducted without obstacles. O excellent Mountain, this alone is the greatest service that you can render. Please arrange for it with due effort. Please return to your abode with your mind full of pleasure”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Yatna (यत्न) refers to “effort (and volition)”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 10.39-45]—“[...] He worships with a mixture of white sandalwood, dust-colored powdered camphor, seeds, grain, and sesame, [mixed together] with white sugar [that has been] combined with ghee and milk. All meditation done with effort and volition (yatna-dhī) is the highest, etc. [and] causes one to thrive, etc. If, while [performing the agreed mediation], worshiping with Mṛtyujit [in mind, the king] obtains great peace [mahāśanti] instantly”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yatna (यत्न).—m (S) Effort, exertion, endeavor: also an effort or endeavor.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

yatna (यत्न).—m Effort, exertion; endeavour.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yatna (यत्न).—[yat-bhāve naṅ]

1) An effort, exertion, attempt, endeavour, trial; यत्ने कृते यदि न सिध्यति कोऽत्रं दोषः (yatne kṛte yadi na sidhyati ko'traṃ doṣaḥ) H. Pr. 31; Bhartṛhari 2.5.

2) Diligence, assiduity, perseverance.

3) Care, zeal, watchfulness, vigilance; महान् हि यत्नस्तव देवदारौ (mahān hi yatnastava devadārau) R.2.56; प्रतिपात्रमाधीयतां यत्नः (pratipātramādhīyatāṃ yatnaḥ) Ś.1.

4) Pains, trouble, labour, difficulty; शेषाङ्गनिर्माणविधौ विधातुर्लावण्य उत्पाद्य इवास यत्नः (śeṣāṅganirmāṇavidhau vidhāturlāvaṇya utpādya ivāsa yatnaḥ) Kumārasambhava 1.35;7.66; R.7.14. (yatnena ind. with great effort, diligently, carefully. yatnataḥ carefully, zealously, sedulously; guṇavadaguṇavad vā kurvatā kāryamādau pari- ṇatiravadhāryā yatnataḥ paṇḍitena Bhartṛhari 2.99. yatnāt

1) with great effort.

2) diligently, vigorously, zealously.

3) in spite of every effort.

4) necessarily.)

Derivable forms: yatnaḥ (यत्नः).

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Yatna (यत्न).—See under यत् (yat).

See also (synonyms): yatta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yatna (यत्न).—m.

(-tnaḥ) Effort, exertion, perseverance, energy. E. yat to endeavour strenuously or continuously, aff. naṅ .

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Yatna (यत्न).—Ind. 1. Where, in what place. 2. When. 3. Because, since, as that. E. yad what, and tral aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yatna (यत्न).—[yat + na], m. 1. Effort, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 133; 99 (yatnāt, in spite of every effort), perseverance, energy, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 88. 2. Will, Bhāṣāp. 4. 3. Diligence, Chr. 51, 1. yatnena, Carefully, [Pañcatantra] 192, 12. 4. ºnāt, Necessarily, [Pañcatantra] 176, 8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yatna (यत्न).—[masculine] endeavour, effort, labour, pains about ([locative] or —°). °—, [instrumental], [ablative] & [adverb] in tas with effort, diligently, carefully; yatnaṃ kṛ take pains, strive after, endeavour at ([locative] or infin.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yatna (यत्न):—[from yat] a m. activity of will, volition, aspiring after, [Kaṇāda’s Vaiśeṣika-sūtra; Bhāṣāpariccheda]

2) [v.s. ...] performance, work, [Bharata-nāṭya-śāstra]

3) [v.s. ...] (also [plural]) effort, exertion, energy, zeal, trouble, pains, care, endeavour after ([locative case] or [compound]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc. (yatnaṃ with √kṛ, ā-√sthā, samā-√sthā, ā-√dhā and [locative case] or [infinitive mood], ‘to make an effort or attempt’, ‘take trouble or pains for’; yatnena or tnais, ‘with effort’, ‘carefully’, ‘eagerly’, ‘strenuously’ [also yatna [in the beginning of a compound]]; yatnenāpi, ‘in spite of every effort’; yatnair vinā, ‘without eff°’; yatnāt, with or notwithstanding eff°; mahato yatnāt ‘, with great eff°’, ‘very carefully’)

4) [v.s. ...] a special or express remark or statement, [Āpastamba-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

5) b yatya See p.841, [columns] 1 and 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yatna (यत्न):—(tnaḥ) 1. m. Effort, perseverance.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Yatna (यत्न) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jatta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Yatna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Yatna (यत्न) [Also spelled yatn]:—(nm) effort, endeavour; attempt; care; ~[pūrvaka] with effort/attempt; with care; ~[vatī] feminine form of ~[vāna; ~vāna/śīla] making effort, effortive.

2) Yatna in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) torture, torment..—yatna (यातना) is alternatively transliterated as Yātanā.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Yatna (ಯತ್ನ):—

1) [noun] a try; an effort; an attempt.

2) [noun] great effort; violent exertion.

3) [noun] speed; swiftness.

4) [noun] the act or an instance of helping; help.

5) [noun] serious attention; solicitude; heed; caution; care; ಯತ್ನ ಮಾಡು [yatna madu] yatna māḍu to make an effort; to try; to endeavour.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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