Yathasamkhya, Yatha-samkhya, Yathāsaṃkhya: 3 definitions



Yathasamkhya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[«previous next»] — Yathasamkhya in Natyashastra glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)

Yathāsaṃkhya (यथासंख्य) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).The figure yathāsaṃkhya (yathāsaṅkhya) has been admitted by almost all the critics starting from Bhāmaha (K.A. II/89) and down to Jagannātha (R.G./P. 642). It has also been defined by Vāmana (IV/317), Viśvanātha (X/103), Mammaṭa (X/164), Jayadeva (C.L.V/92), Appayyadīkṣita (Kuv. P. 237).

Cirañjīva has defined paryāya as—“kramikāṇāṃ kramopātte yathāsaṅkhyaṃ kramānvaye”.—“When the things mentioned in a definite order are connected with the things also existing in order, it is the figure yathāsaṃkhya”. In fact orderly connection among things makes this figure.

Example of the yathāsaṃkhya-alaṃkāra:—

kokānākulayaṃścakorataruṇīvaikalyamunmīlayannambhojāni nimīlayan kumudinīrunmīlayansarvataḥ |
pānthānākulatāṃ nayan kulavadhūcetaḥ samullāsaya- nnastaṃ yāti divāpatiḥ samudayaṃ yātyeṣa doṣāpatiḥ ||

“Having made perturbed the cakravāka bird, having made overwhelmed the mate of Cakravāka, making the lotuses contracted and the lilies bloomed on all side, having created anxiety in the travellar, making delighted the heart of a family woman, the sun is going to set the moon is going to rise”.

Note: This verse is taken from the work Mādhavacampū, which is his own composition. In this verse making the cakravāka perturbed and overwhelming the mate of cakravāka; the construction of the lotuses and the blooming of lilies, all these are described in an order. These things are orderly connected with the sun, the lord of the day and the moon the lord of the night. So this is an example of yathāsaṅkhya.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Yathasamkhya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yathāsaṃkhya (यथासंख्य).—a figure of speech in Rhetoric; यथासंख्यं क्रमेणैव क्रमिकाणां समन्वयः (yathāsaṃkhyaṃ krameṇaiva kramikāṇāṃ samanvayaḥ) K. P.1; e. g. शत्रुं मित्रं विपत्तिं च जय रञ्जय भञ्जय (śatruṃ mitraṃ vipattiṃ ca jaya rañjaya bhañjaya) Chandr.5.17. (-khyam), -संख्येन (saṃkhyena) ind. according to number, respectively, number for number; हृत्कण्ठतालुगाभिस्तु यथासंख्यं द्विजातयः (hṛtkaṇṭhatālugābhistu yathāsaṃkhyaṃ dvijātayaḥ) (śudhyeran) Y.1.21.

Derivable forms: yathāsaṃkhyam (यथासंख्यम्).

Yathāsaṃkhya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms yathā and saṃkhya (संख्य).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yathāsaṃkhya (यथासंख्य):—[=yathā-saṃkhya] [from yathā > ya-tama] n. ‘relative enumeration’, (in [rhetoric]) Name of a figure (which separating each verb from its subject so arranges verbs with verbs and subjects with subjects that each may answer to each), [Kāvyaprakāśa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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