Yatana, Yātanā, Yātana: 13 definitions
Yatana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Yātanā (यातना) refers to “torture (at the hands of Yama)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.35. Accordingly, as Viṣṇu said to Dakṣa:—“[...] there is none to offer us refuge in the three worlds. Who can be the refuge of an enemy of Śiva in this world? Even if the body undergoes destruction, the torture at the hands of Yama [viz., yātanā] is in store for us. It is impossible to bear as it generates much misery. On seeing an enemy of Śiva, Yama gnashes his teeth. He puts him in cauldrons of oil and not otherwise”.
Note: In Paurāṇic Mythology, Yama is the God who presides over the manes and rules the spirits of the dead. He is always represented as a terrible deity inflicting tortures, called yātanā, on departed sinful spirits.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Yātanā (यातना).—A daughter of Bhaya and Mṛtyu.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 8. 4.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
yatana : (nt.) endeavour.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Yatana, (nt.) (fr. yat, cp. Epic Sk. yatna) endeavour, undertaking J. V, 346 (C. explains samosaraṇa-ṭṭhāna?); Dhtp 121 (in explanation of yatati1). (Page 548)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
yātanā (यातना).—f (S) Torment, anguish, agony, acute pain. 2 Pain inflicted by Yama; the pains of hell.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
yātanā (यातना).—f Torment; the pains of hell.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Yatana (यतन).—Exertion, effort.
Derivable forms: yatanam (यतनम्).
--- OR ---
Yātana (यातन).—1 Return, requital, recompense, retaliation; as in वैरयातनम् (vairayātanam).
2) Vengeance, revenge.
-nā 1 Requital, recompense, return.
2) Torment, acute pain, anguish.
3) The torments inflicted by Yama upon sinners, the tortures of hell (pl.) °अर्थीय (arthīya) destined to suffer the torments of hell; शरीरं यातनार्थीयम् (śarīraṃ yātanārthīyam) Ms.12.16. °गृहः (gṛhaḥ) torture-chamber.
Derivable forms: yātanam (यातनम्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-naṃ) Making effort or exertion. E. yat to make effort, lyuṭ aff.
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(-naṃ) 1. Requital, recompense. 2. Revenge.
--- OR ---
(-nā) 1. Pain, agony, sharp or acute pain. 2. Pain or punishment inflicted by Yama or his ministers, the pains of hell. E. yat to inflict pain, aff. yuc.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Yātanā (यातना).—i. e. yat, [Causal.], + ana, f. 1. Pain, torment, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 61; [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 7, 1, 41. 2. Punishment. 3. Requital, [Pañcatantra] 188, 3.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Yātana (यातन).—[neuter] requital; [feminine] ā the same, punishment, fine, pains, [especially] of hell.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Yatana (यतन):—[from yat] n. making effort or exertion, [Horace H. Wilson]
2) Yātana (यातन):—n. (√2. yat) requital, retaliation, return (with vairasya, revenge, vengeance), [Mahābhārata]
3) Yātanā (यातना):—[from yātana] a f. See next.
4) [v.s. ...] b f. idem (nāṃ-√dā, to make requital, revenge; vaira-y, vengeance; cf. above), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Pañcatantra]
5) [v.s. ...] acute pain, torment, agony, ([especially]) punishment inflicted by Yama, the pains of hell (in, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa] personified as the daughter of bhaya and mṛtyu, Fear and Death), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata etc.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with (+120): Abhibhayatana, Abhibhvayatana, Abhyatana, Adyatana, Agnyayatana, Akashanantyayatana, Akimcanyanantyayatana, Akimcanyayatana, Akimchanyanantyayatana, Akimchanyayatana, Akimchityayatana, Akimcityayatana, Akincinnayatana, Anadyatana, Anayatana, Antarikshayatana, Anvayatana, Arannayatana, Ardhad-ayatana, Ayatana.
Full-text (+7): Vairayatana, Pratiyatana, Yatanagriha, Tigmayatana, Yatanarthiya, Bhairavayatana, Yamayatana, Ayatanatva, Niyatana, Vipatti, Ayatanavat, Prayatana, Jatharayatana, Arthiya, Antila, Yatayajjana, Yatya, Yamapuri, Aghora, Prananta.
Search found 11 books and stories containing Yatana, Yātanā, Yātana; (plurals include: Yatanas, Yātanās, Yātanas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Bhajana-Rahasya (by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura Mahasaya)
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
The Buddha and His Teachings (by Narada Thera)
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)