Yatana, Yātanā, Yātana: 18 definitions


Yatana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Yātanā (यातना) refers to “torture (at the hands of Yama)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.35. Accordingly, as Viṣṇu said to Dakṣa:—“[...] there is none to offer us refuge in the three worlds. Who can be the refuge of an enemy of Śiva in this world? Even if the body undergoes destruction, the torture at the hands of Yama [viz., yātanā] is in store for us. It is impossible to bear as it generates much misery. On seeing an enemy of Śiva, Yama gnashes his teeth. He puts him in cauldrons of oil and not otherwise”.

Note: In Paurāṇic Mythology, Yama is the God who presides over the manes and rules the spirits of the dead. He is always represented as a terrible deity inflicting tortures, called yātanā, on departed sinful spirits.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Yātanā (यातना).—A daughter of Bhaya and Mṛtyu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 8. 4.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Yatana (यतन) refers to “(subtle) exertion”, according to the Ṭīkā (commentary) on the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] The venerable one called Ciñciṇīśa is that Śambhu by nature and is born from his own body as a subtle exertion (īśad-yatana-rūpa). And what else is there? He should be worshipped along with the Kukārā Vidyā. This is the connection (between the words) with what was said before. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

yatana : (nt.) endeavour.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Yatana, (nt.) (fr. yat, cp. Epic Sk. yatna) endeavour, undertaking J. V, 346 (C. explains samosaraṇa-ṭṭhāna?); Dhtp 121 (in explanation of yatati1). (Page 548)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yātanā (यातना).—f (S) Torment, anguish, agony, acute pain. 2 Pain inflicted by Yama; the pains of hell.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

yātanā (यातना).—f Torment; the pains of hell.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yatana (यतन).—Exertion, effort.

Derivable forms: yatanam (यतनम्).

--- OR ---

Yātana (यातन).—1 Return, requital, recompense, retaliation; as in वैरयातनम् (vairayātanam).

2) Vengeance, revenge.

-nā 1 Requital, recompense, return.

2) Torment, acute pain, anguish.

3) The torments inflicted by Yama upon sinners, the tortures of hell (pl.) °अर्थीय (arthīya) destined to suffer the torments of hell; शरीरं यातनार्थीयम् (śarīraṃ yātanārthīyam) Manusmṛti 12.16. °गृहः (gṛhaḥ) torture-chamber.

Derivable forms: yātanam (यातनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yatana (यतन).—n.

(-naṃ) Making effort or exertion. E. yat to make effort, lyuṭ aff.

--- OR ---

Yātana (यातन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Requital, recompense. 2. Revenge.

--- OR ---

Yātanā (यातना).—f.

(-nā) 1. Pain, agony, sharp or acute pain. 2. Pain or punishment inflicted by Yama or his ministers, the pains of hell. E. yat to inflict pain, aff. yuc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yātanā (यातना).—i. e. yat, [Causal.], + ana, f. 1. Pain, torment, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 61; [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 7, 1, 41. 2. Punishment. 3. Requital, [Pañcatantra] 188, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yātana (यातन).—[neuter] requital; [feminine] ā the same, punishment, fine, pains, [especially] of hell.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yatana (यतन):—[from yat] n. making effort or exertion, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) Yātana (यातन):—n. (√2. yat) requital, retaliation, return (with vairasya, revenge, vengeance), [Mahābhārata]

3) Yātanā (यातना):—[from yātana] a f. See next.

4) [v.s. ...] b f. idem (nāṃ-√dā, to make requital, revenge; vaira-y, vengeance; cf. above), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Pañcatantra]

5) [v.s. ...] acute pain, torment, agony, ([especially]) punishment inflicted by Yama, the pains of hell (in, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa] personified as the daughter of bhaya and mṛtyu, Fear and Death), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yatana (यतन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Effort, exertion.

2) Yātanā (यातना):—(nā) 1. f. Pain, agony.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Yatana (यतन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Jayaṇa, Jayaṇā, Jāyaṇa, Jāyaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Yatana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Yātanā (यातना) [Also spelled yatna]:—(nf) torture, torment.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Yatana (ಯತನ):—[noun] an attempt or effort; a try.

--- OR ---

Yātana (ಯಾತನ):—[noun] = ಯಾತನೆ [yatane].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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