Yantri, Yantṛ, Yamtri: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Yantri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Yantṛ can be transliterated into English as Yantr or Yantri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Yantṛ (यन्तृ) is a Sanskrit technical term referring the “charioteer”, riding a chariot (yāna). The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.290)

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Gati in theory and practice

Yantṛ (यन्तृ) refers to “that which strings together”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra (chapter IV, commentary p.193.).—[While discussing the elements of Āṅgika-abhinaya (gestural representation) in Nāṭya-śāstra]—Piṇḍībandhas are the group formations of dancers. The piṇḍī attached to the different gods and goddesses are named after their own banners. The origin of piṇḍī is of three fold namely yantṛ (which strings together) bhadrāsana (positions taken by dancers) and śikṣāyoga (exercises based on karaṇas and aṅgahāras). The piṇḍī are of four varieties: piṇḍī (lump), śrṅkhalikā (cluster or chain), latābandha (together like a creeper) and bhedyaka (group formation of dancers where-in individuals cannot be identified)

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Yantṛ (यन्तृ) is the name of a Gaṇeśvara (attendant of Śiva), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.9 (“Śiva’s campaign”).—Accordingly, as Śiva with the Gods attacked Tripura: “[...] O great Brahmins, all the Gaṇeśvaras went to the three cities. Who can enumerate them fully? I shall mention a few. These were the important ones who were there—[e.g., Yantṛ] [...]. These and other innumerable lords of Gaṇas who cannot be characterised and classified surrounded Śiva and went ahead. [...] They were capable of burning the entire world including the mobile and immobile beings, within a trice by their very thought. Surrounding Śiva, the great lord, they went ahead. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yantrī (यंत्री).—a (yantra) Made or done by machinery.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

yantrī (यंत्री).—a Made or done by machinery.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yantṛ (यन्तृ).—a. [yam-tṛc]

1) Restraining, curbing, controlling.

2) Guiding, directing. -m.

1) A director, governor, ruler.

2) A driver (as of an elephant, carriage &c.), coachman, charioteer; यन्ता गजस्याभ्यपतद् गजस्थम् (yantā gajasyābhyapatad gajastham) R.7.37; अथ यन्तारमादिश्य धुर्यान् विश्रामयेति सः (atha yantāramādiśya dhuryān viśrāmayeti saḥ) 1.54; Bhāgavata 8.11. 17; Kirātārjunīya 7.32; सव्योऽपि सानुनयमाकलनाय यन्त्रा (savyo'pi sānunayamākalanāya yantrā) Śi.

3) An elephant-driver or rider.

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Yantr (यन्त्र्).—1, 1 U. (yantrati-te, yantrayati-te)

1) To restrain, curb, check; शापयन्त्रितपौलस्त्यबलात्कारकचग्रहैः (śāpayantritapaulastyabalātkārakacagrahaiḥ) R.1.47.

2) To bind, fasten.

3) To force, oblige, compel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yantṛ (यन्तृ).—mfn. (-ntā-ntrī-ntṛ) A check, a restraint, any person or thing that restrains, &c. m.

(-ntā) 1. A charioteer. 2. An elephant-driver. E. yam to restrain, aff. tṛc .

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Yantr (यन्त्र्).—r. 1st and 10 cls. (yantrati-te yantrayati-te) To restrain: see yatri .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yantṛ (यन्तृ).—i. e. yam + tṛ, I. m., f. trī, and n. A person or thing that restrains. Ii. m. A charioteer, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 88.

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Yantr (यन्त्र्).—† i. 10 (properly a [denominative.] derived from yantra), [Parasmaipada.], and † i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] To restrain. yantrita, 1. Checked, restrained, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 40, 17. 2. Bound, fettered, Mahābhārata 3, 33. Comp. A-, adj. one who does not govern his passions, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 118. Su-, adj. 1. well governed. 2. one who governs his passions completely, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 118.

— With the prep. upa upa, upayantrita, Solicited, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 177.

— With ni ni, niyantrita, 1. Fastened, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 106, 1. 2. Checked. 3. Squeezed, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 9, 20 ([Prakrit]). 4. Ruled, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 209, 17. 5. Fettered, [Pañcatantra] 142, 14. 6. Embanked, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 103.

— With sam sam, saṃgantriṭa, Stopped, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 100, 21.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yantṛ (यन्तृ).—[masculine] holder, manager, driver, ruler.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yantr (यन्त्र्):—(rather [Nominal verb] [from] yantra See [column]3) [class] 10. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxxii, 3]) yantrayati (or [class] 1. [Parasmaipada] yantrati), to restrain, curb, bind (saṃkocane), [Dhātupāṭha];

—to bind up, bandage, [Suśruta]

2) Yantṛ (यन्तृ):—[from yam] mfn. restraining, limiting, withholding from ([locative case]), [Āpastamba]

3) [v.s. ...] fixing, establishing, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] (f. yantrī)

4) [v.s. ...] granting, bestowing, [Ṛg-veda]

5) [v.s. ...] m. (ifc. also tṛka) a driver (of horses or elephants), charioteer, [ib.] etc. etc.

6) [v.s. ...] a ruler, governor, manager, guide, [Ṛg-veda; Harivaṃśa]

7) [v.s. ...] yantāraḥ among the yācñā-karmāṇaḥ, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska iii, 19.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yantṛ (यन्तृ):—[(ntā-ntrī-ntṛ)] 1. m. A charioteer; elephant-driver. a. Checking.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Yantr (यन्त्र्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jaṃta.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Yaṃtṛ (ಯಂತೃ):—

1) [noun] controlling; regulating.

2) [noun] managing; conducting.

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Yaṃtṛ (ಯಂತೃ):—

1) [noun] a man who controls, regulates or operates a machine; a controller; a regulator.

2) [noun] a man who manages, conducts; a manager; a conductor.

3) [noun] the driver of a chariot or cart; a charioteer.

4) [noun] the driver of an elephant; a mahout.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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