Yamadanda, Yamadaṇḍa, Yama-danda, Yamadamda: 12 definitions


Yamadanda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Yamadaṇḍa (यमदण्ड) is a Sanskrit word referring to the rod of Yama. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.82-88, when Brahmā, Indra and all other gods went to inspect the playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa) designed by Viśvakarmā, he assigned different deities for the protection of the playhouse itself, as well as for the objects relating to dramatic performance (prayoga).

As such, Brahmā assigned Yamadaṇḍa to the door-frame (threshold, dehalī). The protection of the playhouse was enacted because of the jealous Vighnas (malevolent spirits), who began to create terror for the actors.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Yamadanda in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Yamadaṇḍa (यमदण्ड) refers to “Yama’s staff”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.5 (“Kārttikeya is crowned”).—Accordingly, after the Kṛttikās spoke to Kārttikeya: “[...] Then Śiva, the lord of the universe, following the worldly convention delightedly placed Kārttikeya on a beautiful gemset throne. [...] Then Indra gave him a lordly elephant and a thunderbolt. The lord of the waters, Varuṇa, gave him a white umbrella and a necklace of gems to wear. The sun gave him a chariot as fast as the mind and a coat of mail with great equipments; Yama his own staff (yamadaṇḍa): the moon a vessel full of nectar. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Yamadaṇḍa (यमदण्ड).—An adhikāra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 225. 16; Vāyu-purāṇa 108. 4.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Yamadaṇḍa (यमदण्ड) or Yamadaṇḍalokeśvara refers to number 33 of the 108 forms of Avalokiteśvara found in the Machhandar Vahal (Kathmanu, Nepal). [Machhandar or Machandar is another name for for Matsyendra.].


“Yamadaṇḍa is one-faced and six-armed, and sits in the Lalita attitude on a lotus. His three right hands hold the sword, the lotus and the Vajra, while his three left display the fruit, the bowl of gems and an unspecified mudrā (Karaṇa ?)”.

The names of the 108 deities [viz., Yamadaṇḍa] possbily originate from a Tantra included in the Kagyur which is named “the 108 names of Avalokiteshvara”, however it is not yet certain that this is the source for the Nepali descriptions.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Yamadanda in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Yamadaṇḍa (यमदण्ड) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Yamadaṇḍa] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Yamadaṇḍa (यमदण्ड) refers to the door-keeper of Laṅkā, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.7 [The killing of Rāvaṇa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “After reciting this hymn of praise to Śānti, the lord of Laṅkā, occupying a jeweled slab before (him), began to subdue the vidyā, holding a rosary. Then Mandodarī said to the door-keeper, Yamadaṇḍa: ‘All the people of the city must be devoted to the Jinas’ religion for eight days. Whoever will not do this, of him there will be punishment consisting of death—Proclaim this in Laṅkā by beat of drums’ [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Yamadanda in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yamadaṇḍa (यमदंड).—m (S) The punishment inflicted upon sinners by Yama.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Yamadanda in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yamadaṇḍa (यमदण्ड).—[masculine] Yama's rod.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yamadaṇḍa (यमदण्ड):—[=yama-daṇḍa] [from yama > yam] m. Y°’s rod, [Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

[Sanskrit to German]

Yamadanda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Yamadanda in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Yamadaṃḍa (ಯಮದಂಡ):—

1) [noun] the mace of Yama, the God of Death and righteousness.

2) [noun] any of the punishments awarded by Yama.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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