Yakshma, Yakṣma: 14 definitions


Yakshma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Yakṣma can be transliterated into English as Yaksma or Yakshma, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Yakṣmā (यक्ष्मा).—(RĀJAYAKṢMĀ). The disease of consumption (Tuberculosis). There is a story in Mahābhārata which says that this disease was created by Dakṣa Prajāpati. (For more details see under Candra).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Yakṣma (यक्ष्म).—Phthisis which afflicted Soma as a result of Dakṣa's curse.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 23.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Yakṣma (यक्ष्म) in the Rigveda and the Atharvaveda frequently denotes ‘illness’, in general, perhaps as rendering the body emaciated. A hundred kinds of Yakṣma are referred to in the Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā, and ayakṣma in the Kāṭhaka-saṃhitā, denotes ‘free from disease’.

In the Yajurveda-saṃhitās an account is given of the origin of Yakṣma, which is distinguished as of three kinds—

  1. Rāja-yakṣma, ‘royal Yakṣma’,
  2. Pāpa-yakṣma, ‘evil Yakṣma’
  3. and Jāyenya, most probably ‘syphilis’.

The second of the series is elsewhere unknown, and can hardly be defined, for it merely means ‘serious or deadly disease’. Cf. also Ajñātayakṣma.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yakṣmā (यक्ष्मा).—m S Pulmonary consumption.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

yakṣmā (यक्ष्मा).—m Pulmonary consumption.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yakṣma (यक्ष्म).—m. [yakṣ-manin] Pulmonary disease in general; वेगरोधात् क्षयाच्चैव साहसाद् विषमाशनात् । त्रिदोषो जायते यक्ष्मा गदो हेतुचतुष्टयात् (vegarodhāt kṣayāccaiva sāhasād viṣamāśanāt | tridoṣo jāyate yakṣmā gado hetucatuṣṭayāt) || Charaka.

Derivable forms: yakṣmaḥ (यक्ष्मः).

See also (synonyms): yakṣpan.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yakṣma (यक्ष्म).—and yakṣman yakṣman, i. e. jakṣ + man, m. Pulmonary consumption.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yakṣma (यक्ष्म).—[masculine] disease, [especially] consumption.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yakṣma (यक्ष्म):—[from yakṣ] 1. yakṣma m. sickness, disease in general or Name of a large class of diseases ([probably] of a consumptive nature), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] pulmonary disease, consumption, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Kāṭhaka etc.]

3) [from yakṣ] 2. yakṣma in [compound] for man.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yakṣma (यक्ष्म):—ghnī (ghnī) 3. f. A raisin of dried grape.

[Sanskrit to German]

Yakshma in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Yakshma in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Yakṣmā (यक्ष्मा):—(nm) tuberculosis; ~[grasta] tubercular; suffering from tuberculosis.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Yakṣma (ಯಕ್ಷ್ಮ):—[noun] an infectious disease, caused by the organism Mycobacterium tuberculosis, that affects the lungs, and characterised by abnormal hard nodule or swelling; tuberculosis of the lungs.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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