Yakshma, Yakṣma: 14 definitions
Yakshma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Yakṣma can be transliterated into English as Yaksma or Yakshma, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Yakṣmā (यक्ष्मा).—(RĀJAYAKṢMĀ). The disease of consumption (Tuberculosis). There is a story in Mahābhārata which says that this disease was created by Dakṣa Prajāpati. (For more details see under Candra).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Yakṣma (यक्ष्म).—Phthisis which afflicted Soma as a result of Dakṣa's curse.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 23.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Yakṣma (यक्ष्म) in the Rigveda and the Atharvaveda frequently denotes ‘illness’, in general, perhaps as rendering the body emaciated. A hundred kinds of Yakṣma are referred to in the Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā, and ayakṣma in the Kāṭhaka-saṃhitā, denotes ‘free from disease’.
In the Yajurveda-saṃhitās an account is given of the origin of Yakṣma, which is distinguished as of three kinds—
- Rāja-yakṣma, ‘royal Yakṣma’,
- Pāpa-yakṣma, ‘evil Yakṣma’
- and Jāyenya, most probably ‘syphilis’.
The second of the series is elsewhere unknown, and can hardly be defined, for it merely means ‘serious or deadly disease’. Cf. also Ajñātayakṣma.
Languages of India and abroad
yakṣmā (यक्ष्मा).—m S Pulmonary consumption.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
yakṣmā (यक्ष्मा).—m Pulmonary consumption.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Yakṣma (यक्ष्म).—m. [yakṣ-manin] Pulmonary disease in general; वेगरोधात् क्षयाच्चैव साहसाद् विषमाशनात् । त्रिदोषो जायते यक्ष्मा गदो हेतुचतुष्टयात् (vegarodhāt kṣayāccaiva sāhasād viṣamāśanāt | tridoṣo jāyate yakṣmā gado hetucatuṣṭayāt) || Charaka.
Derivable forms: yakṣmaḥ (यक्ष्मः).
See also (synonyms): yakṣpan.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Yakṣma (यक्ष्म).—and yakṣman yakṣman, i. e. jakṣ + man, m. Pulmonary consumption.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Yakṣma (यक्ष्म).—[masculine] disease, [especially] consumption.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Yakṣma (यक्ष्म):—[from yakṣ] 1. yakṣma m. sickness, disease in general or Name of a large class of diseases ([probably] of a consumptive nature), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]
2) [v.s. ...] pulmonary disease, consumption, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Kāṭhaka etc.]
3) [from yakṣ] 2. yakṣma in [compound] for man.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Yakṣma (यक्ष्म):—ghnī (ghnī) 3. f. A raisin of dried grape.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Yakṣmā (यक्ष्मा):—(nm) tuberculosis; ~[grasta] tubercular; suffering from tuberculosis.
Yakṣma (ಯಕ್ಷ್ಮ):—[noun] an infectious disease, caused by the organism Mycobacterium tuberculosis, that affects the lungs, and characterised by abnormal hard nodule or swelling; tuberculosis of the lungs.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Yakshmaghni, Yakshmagraha, Yakshmagrasta, Yakshmagrihita, Yakshman, Yakshmanashana, Yakshmantaka, Yakshmari, Yakshmaroga, Yakshmarogashanti.
Ends with: Ajnatayakshma, Ayakshma, Palatha Rajayakshma, Papayakshma, Rajayakshma.
Full-text (+15): Yakshmaghni, Rajayakshma, Yakshmagrasta, Yakshmagraha, Yakshmanashana, Yakshpan, Ayakshmatva, Ayakshmatati, Yakshmagrihita, Yakshmaroga, Ayakshmamkarana, Papayakshmagrihita, Yakshmodha, Rajayakshmanaman, Deveshita, Tvacasya, Hridayamaya, Papayakshma, Rajayakshmin, Yakshman.
Search found 15 books and stories containing Yakshma, Yakṣma, Yaksma, Yakṣmā; (plurals include: Yakshmas, Yakṣmas, Yaksmas, Yakṣmās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 1.122.9 < [Sukta 122]
Rig Veda 10.163.4 < [Sukta 163]
Rig Veda 10.97.12 < [Sukta 97]
Jivanandana of Anandaraya Makhin (Study) (by G. D. Jayalakshmi)
Analysis of Karuṇa-rasa < [Chapter 6 - Dramatic aspects of the Jīvanandana Nāṭaka]
Act I (Summary) < [Chapter 3 - Summary of the Play Jīvānandana Nāṭaka]
Analysis of Hāsya-rasa < [Chapter 6 - Dramatic aspects of the Jīvanandana Nāṭaka]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CLII - The Nidanam of pulmonary consumption < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
Chapter XLVI - Adoration of the deity presiding over homesteads (Vastu) < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter CXLIX - The Nidanam of Cough < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
Charaka Samhita (English translation) (by Shree Gulabkunverba Ayurvedic Society)
Chapter 8 - The therapeutics of Consumption (raja-yakshma-cikitsa) < [Cikitsasthana (Cikitsa Sthana) — Section on Therapeutics]
Chapter 1 - The Pathology of Fever (jvara-nidana) < [Nidanasthana (Nidana Sthana) — Section on Pathology]
Charaka Samhita and Sushruta Samhita (by Nayana Sharma)
Disease in the classical Saṃhitās < [Chapter 4]
Aetiology (c): Ādhidaivika < [Chapter 4]
Disease in the Vedas < [Chapter 4]
Vedic influence on the Sun-worship in the Puranas (by Goswami Mitali)
Part 5 - Sūrya (the Healer) < [Chapter 2 - Salient Traits of the Solar Divinities in the Veda]