Yakrit, Yakṛt: 13 definitions


Yakrit means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Yakṛt can be transliterated into English as Yakrt or Yakrit, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Yakṛt (यकृत्) refers to the “liver”. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Yakṛt (यकृत्, “liver”) (Pali, Yakana) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., yakṛt]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yakṛt (यकृत्).—m n S The liver. 2 Inflammation of the liver, Hepatitis.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

yakṛt (यकृत्).—m n The liver. Inflammation of the liver.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yakṛt (यकृत्).—n. [yaṃ saṃyamaṃ karoti kṛ kvip tuk ca Tv.] The liver or any affection of it; सिन्धवो गुदा यकृच्च क्लोमानश्च पर्वताः (sindhavo gudā yakṛcca klomānaśca parvatāḥ) Bṛ. Up.1.1.1; Mv.3.32.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yakṛt (यकृत्).—m. (-kṛt) The liver. E. ya union, (of the parts of the body,) kṛ to make, aff. kvip and tuk augment. yakan is optionally substituted for this word in some of the declensions.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yakṛt (यकृत्).—the base of many cases is optionally yakan yakan, n. The liver.

— Cf. [Latin] jecur; perhaps also [Anglo-Saxon.] lifer.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yakṛt (यकृत्).—[neuter] the liver.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yakṛt (यकृत्):—n. (the weak cases are optionally formed [from] a base yakan cf. [Pāṇini 6-1, 63]; [nominative case] [accusative] yakṛt, [Atharva-veda]; [ablative] yaknas, [Ṛg-veda]; yakṛtas, [Suśruta]; [instrumental case] yaknā, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]; [locative case] yakṛti, [Suśruta]; [in the beginning of a compound] only yakṛt) the liver, [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

2) cf. [Greek] ἧηπαρ; [Latin] jecur.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yakṛt (यकृत्):—(t) 5. m. The liver.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Yakṛt (यकृत्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jaga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Yakrit in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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