Yajnopavita, Yajñopavīta, Yajna-upavita: 22 definitions
Yajnopavita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Yagyopavit.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama
Sacred Thread (yajñopavitam):—All initiated members of the 3 twice-born castes wear the sacred thread draped over the left shoulder and falling upon the right hip. It indicates that the one who wears it is committed to the control of body, speech and mind.
brahma-sūtram trivṛt svaram |
The sacred thread (yajñopavitam) symbolizes the syllable AUM, by its three strands. (S.B. 12.11.;2).
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: academia.edu: Kāpālikas
Yajñopavīta (यज्ञोपवीत, “sacred thread”).—In addition to carrying the skull-bowl, they wore a sacred thread (yajñopavīta) made of human hair obtained from corpses, and they adorned themselves with ornaments mostly made of human bones: a necklace, earrings, bracelets or armlets, and a hair jewel (śikhāmaṇi).
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Shilpashastra (iconography)Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images
Yajñopavīta (यज्ञोपवीत) refers to the fashion of “wearing Yajñasūtra over the left shoulder across the body”, as defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.—Yajñasūtra, also known as Yajñopavīta, is the sacred thread worn by Hindus of the higher classes (twice born), etymologically Yajñasūtra is the thread of yajña meant for rituals. Yajñopavīta refers to the fashion of wearing it over the left shoulder across the body. This very special symbolic thread is represented in different ways according to the status of the icon and the different materials it may be composed of (chord, antelope skin etc.).
Banerjea observes: “The Yajñopavīta or sacred thread which is invariably worn by the male members of the twice-born is found on the icons of the gods from the Gupta period onwards; in the earlier icons it is not usually to be found. In mediaeval sculptures, what appear to be the representation of a jewelled Yajñopavīta sometime accompanies that of the cotton one: all this, of course, is placed in the upavītī fashion. i.e., it encircles the tor o from the top of the left shoulder and below the right arm. Sometimes the kin of an antelope (kṛṣṇasāra) is thrown over the body of such deities like Nara and Nārāyṇa”
Gopinath Rao states: “In almost all the later representations of Hindu gods and goddesses we may see the Yajñopavīta running across the chest from left to right”.
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Yajñopavīta (यज्ञोपवीत) refers to a “sacred thread” and represents one of the various insignias (i.e., mudrās) worn by a Kāpālika, according to the Āgamaprāmāṇya.—The Kāpālika, as his name—‘Skull Bearer’—implies, carried a skull as part of his penance modelled on that prescribed for having murdered a Brahmin. Along with the skull he was to wear six insignias, namely, a necklace (kuṭhikā), neck ornament (rucaka), earrings (kuṇḍala), crest jewel (śikhāmaṇi), ashes (bhasma) and sacred thread (yajñopavīta). These are described by Yāmunācārya in his Āgamaprāmāṇya and by Rāmānuja who draws from him in his commentary on the Brahmasūtra. The wearing of similar insignia was common practice amongst Buddhist Tantric ascetics who were inspired in their own way by the same model.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Google Books: The Hindu-Buddhist Sculpture of Ancient Kashmir and its Influences
The yajñopavīta or sacred thread, which is single-stranded, compares with the single or multi-stranded amulet cord of a Gandhāra Bodhisattva, though it falls further down the body. It also resembles those worn by Brahmins depicted in Gandhāra sculpture, usually single-stranded, as well as those seen on some depictions of the Iranian god Oēshō on Kuṣāṇa coins, later assimilated into images of Śiva, but is more slender in both cases.Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Yajñopavīta (यज्ञोपवीत) denotes the ‘wearing of the Brahminical thread over the left shoulder at the sacrifice’, and is mentioned as early as the Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa.Source: archive.org: South Indian Festivities (hinduism)
Yajñopavīta (यज्ञोपवीत).—The sacred thread is called in Sanskrit Yajnopavitam (Yajna=sacrifice and upavitam=thread, i.e., the thread consecrated by a sacrifice). It consists of three strands of cotton, each strand formed by three or nine threads. The cotton with which a thread is made, must be gathered from the plant by the hand of a Brahmana and carded and spun by persons of the same caste. It is hung on the left shoulder and falls on to the right hip. Out of the four castes the Brahmans, Ksatrivas and Vaisyas are entitled to wear it. A child between the ages of 5 to 12 or 13 years is invested with the sacred thread when a ceremony is performed. This gives the neophyte a right to appear before his preceptor to study the vedas and acquire knowledge.
The triple cord symbolises, according to some authorities, (1) the three attributes of the Deity, i.e., creation, preservation and destruction (Brahma, Vishnu and Siva), and (2) body, mind and speech and the control over all of them.Source: Oxford Reference: A Dictionary of Hinduism
Dressing the deity (mūrti) in a new sacred thread—one of the sixteen offerings or services (upacāras) which are component parts of pūjā.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
The "sacred thread" (Sanskrit: यज्ञोपवीतम् yajñopavītam or upavīta) is a thin cord, composed of three cotton strands. The three strands symbolize different things in various regions. For example, among Tamil Hindus, each strand is for each of the three trinity of goddesses (Parvati, Lakshmi and Saraswati)
The sacred Yajñopavītam is known by many names (varying by region and community), such as Bratabandha, Janivāra, Jandhyam, Poita, Pūṇūl, Janeu, Lagun, Yajnopavita, Yagyopavit, Yonya and Zunnar. The other Sanskrit term for it is Avyanga.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
yajñōpavīta (यज्ञोपवीत).—n (S) The sacrificial thread worn by Brahmans.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
yajñōpavīta (यज्ञोपवीत).—n The sacrificial thread.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Yajñopavīta (यज्ञोपवीत).—the sacred thread worn by members of the first three classes (and now even of other lower castes) over the left shoulder and under the right arm; see Ms.2.63; वामांसावलम्बिना यज्ञोपवीतेनोद्भासमानः (vāmāṃsāvalambinā yajñopavītenodbhāsamānaḥ) K.; कौशं सूत्रं त्रिस्त्रिवृतं यज्ञोपवीतम् (kauśaṃ sūtraṃ tristrivṛtaṃ yajñopavītam) ...... Baudhāyana; (originally yajñopavīta was the ceremony of investiture with the sacred thread).
Derivable forms: yajñopavītam (यज्ञोपवीतम्).
Yajñopavīta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms yajña and upavīta (उपवीत).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-taṃ) The sacrificial cord, originally worn by the three principal casts of Hindus: at present from the loss of the pure Kshetriya and Vaiśya casts in Bengal, confined to the Brahminical order. E. yajña sacrifice, upavīta thread.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Yajñopavīta (यज्ञोपवीत).—[neuter] the investiture with the sacrificial cord or the [substantive] cord itself.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Yajñopavīta (यज्ञोपवीत):—[from yajña > yaj] n. the investiture of youths of the three twice-born castes with the sacred thread or (in later times) the thread itself (worn over the left shoulder and hanging down under the right; originally put on only during the performance of sacred ceremonies but its position occasionally changed cf. prācīnāvītin, nivītin; in modern times assumed by other castes, as by the Vaidyas or medical caste in Bengal; cf. upanayana and, [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 192]), [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Yajñopavīta (यज्ञोपवीत):—(taṃ) 1. n. The brāhmanical thread or cord.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Yajñopavīta (यज्ञोपवीत) [Also spelled yagyopavit]:—(nm) the sacred thread traditionally worn by caste Hindus; one of the sixteen major [saṃskāra]s (also called [yajñopavīta saṃskāra]) wherein a young lad is given a sacred thread to wear for the first time.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Yajñōpavīta (ಯಜ್ಞೋಪವೀತ):—[noun] = ಯಜ್ಞಸೂತ್ರ [yajnasutra].
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Yajnopavitadana, Yajnopavitadharanamantra, Yajnopavitadharanamantravidhi, Yajnopavitadharanavidhi, Yajnopavitaka, Yajnopavitamantra, Yajnopavitanashaprayashcittaprayoga, Yajnopavitanirmanapaddhati, Yajnopavitanirnaya, Yajnopavitanityadharanavidhi, Yajnopavitapaddhati, Yajnopavitapratishtha, Yajnopavitapratishthasancika, Yajnopavitasamskara, Yajnopavitasamskaravidhi, Yajnopavitavant, Yajnopavitavat, Yajnopavitavidhi.
Full-text (+56): Savitrisutra, Yajnopavitin, Yajnasutra, Yagyopavit, Upanayana, Yajnopavitadharanamantra, Yajnopavitanashaprayashcittaprayoga, Yajnopavitadana, Yajnopavitanirmanapaddhati, Yajnopavitamantra, Yajnopavitapaddhati, Yajnopavitapratishtha, Yajnopavitavidhi, Yajnopavitapratishthasancika, Yajnopavitavat, Nagayajnopavitavat, Yajnopavitaka, Shodashopacara, Upnayan, Nagayajnopavita.
Search found 15 books and stories containing Yajnopavita, Yajña-upavīta, Yajñopavīta, Yajna-upavita, Yajñōpavīta; (plurals include: Yajnopavitas, upavītas, Yajñopavītas, upavitas, Yajñōpavītas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Religion and Philosophy of Tevaram (Thevaram) (by M. A. Dorai Rangaswamy)
Chapter 4.6 - (d) Symbology of the Yajnopavita as an ornament of Shiva < [Volume 2 - Nampi Arurar and Mythology]
Symbology of the sacred thread (Yajnopavita or Pancavata) < [Volume 2 - Nampi Arurar and Mythology]
Nayanar 12: Manakanchara (Manakkancarar) < [Volume 4.1.1 - A comparative study of the Shaivite saints the Thiruthondathogai]
Early Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
Bronze, group 3: Age of Parantaka I (a.d. 907 - 950) < [Chapter XI - Sculpture]
Part II, Bronzes < [Chapter XI - Sculpture]
Bronze, group 2: Age of Aditya I (a.d. 871-907) < [Chapter XI - Sculpture]
Brahma Upanishad of Krishna-yajurveda (by K. Narayanasvami Aiyar)
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 246 - Greatness of Piṅgā Nadī < [Section 1 - Prabhāsa-kṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 66 - The Greatness of Mātṛtīrtha (Mātṛ Tīrtha) < [Section 3 - Revā-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 28 - The Refuge to All Tīrthas < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]
Bhikshuka Upanishad of Shukla-Yajurveda (by K. Narayanasvami Aiyar)