Yajnika, Yājñika, Yajñika: 18 definitions


Yajnika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Yagyik.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style

Yājñika (याज्ञिक) refers to one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indian music.—The illustration of Yājñika (as a deity) according to 15th-century Indian art is as follows.—The colour of his body is yellow. His face is similar to the face of an elephant. His right band is in Pravacana-Mudrā and a viṇā in his left hand.

The illustrations (of, for example Yājñika) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Yājñika (याज्ञिक) refers to the “sacrificial priests”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.32 (“The seven celestial sages arrive”).—Accordingly, as the Seven Sages said amongst each other (when arriving at Himavatpura city): “[...] In the land of activities (i.e. Bhārata), the sacrificial priests (yājñika) and the followers of Purāṇas perform holy rites with a desire to attain heaven. That is in vain because they have left off the city of Himavat. Men are eager to go to heaven only as long as this city is not seen. O Brahmins, when this city is seen what is the use of heaven?”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Yājñika (याज्ञिक) is the name of a chief-manager of the Residential Hall (śalā) mentioned in the “Ciñcaṇī plate of the reign of Cittarāja”. Accordingly, “Now, while the Mahāmaṇḍaleśvara, the illustrious Cāmuṇḍarāja, who, by his religious merit, has obtained the right to the five mahāśabdas... is governing Saṃyāna, he addresses all persons, whether connected with himself or others (such as Yājñika)...”.

This plate (mentioning Yājñika) was found together with eight others at Chincaṇī in the Ḍahāṇu tāluka of the Ṭhāṇā District, North Koṅkaṇ, in 1955. The object of the inscription is to record the grant, by Cāmuṇḍarāja, of a ghāṇaka (oil-mill) in favour of the temple Kautuka-maṭhikā of the goddess Bhagavatī at Saṃyāna. The gift was made by pouring out water on the hand of the Svādhyāyika (scholar) Vīhaḍa, on the fifteenth tithi of the dark fortnight (i.e. amāvāsyā) of Bhādrapada in the śaka year 956.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Yajnika in India is the name of a plant defined with Acacia catechu in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Acacia catechuoides (Roxb.) Benth. (among others).

2) Yajnika is also identified with Butea monosperma It has the synonym Rudolphia frondosa Poir. (etc.).

3) Yajnika is also identified with Ficus religiosa It has the synonym Urostigma religiosum Gasp. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Plant Systematics and Evolution (1987)
· Flora of Taiwan (1993)
· Not. Pl. Asiat. (1854)
· Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany (1996)
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)
· Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. (1822)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Yajnika, for example chemical composition, extract dosage, health benefits, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yājñika (याज्ञिक).—m S A sacrificer, or an officiating priest at a sacrifice. 2 A conductor or performer of the sixteen saṃskāra.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

yājñika (याज्ञिक).—m A sacrificer.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yajñika (यज्ञिक).—The Palāśa tree.

Derivable forms: yajñikaḥ (यज्ञिकः).

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Yājñika (याज्ञिक).—a. (- f.) [यज्ञाय हितम्, यज्ञः प्रयोजनमस्य वा ठक् (yajñāya hitam, yajñaḥ prayojanamasya vā ṭhak)] Belonging to a sacrifice; Bhāgavata 4.31.1.

-kaḥ 1 A sacrificer or a sacrificing priest.

2) A ritualist.

3) The Kuśa grass.

4) Name of several trees अश्वत्थ, खदिर, पलाश (aśvattha, khadira, palāśa), &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yajñika (यज्ञिक).—m.

(-kaḥ) The Palash tree, (Butea frondosa.) E, yajña, ṭhan aff.

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Yājñika (याज्ञिक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A sacrificer, an institutor of a sacrifice. 2. An officiating priest at a sacrifical ceremony. 3. Kuśa or sacrificial grass. E. yajña sacrifice, ṭhak aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yājñika (याज्ञिक).—i. e. yajña + ika, m. 1. The institutor of a sacrifice. 2. Kuśa grass.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yājñika (याज्ञिक).—[feminine] ī relating to sacrifice; [masculine] sacrificer, liturgist.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Yājñika (याज्ञिक) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—son of Gopāla, grandson of Nārāyaṇa, pupil of Śitikaṇṭha: Kātyāyanasūtrapaddhati or Śrautapaddhati. Quoted by Devabhadra Pratiṣṭhādarpaṇa. Prayogadarpaṇa.

Yājñika has the following synonyms: Padmanābha dīkṣita.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yajñika (यज्ञिक):—[from yaj] m. Butea Frondosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] = yajña-dattaka, [Pāṇini 5-3, 78 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

3) Yājñika (याज्ञिक):—[from yāj] mf(ī)n. relating or belonging to sacrifice, sacrificial, [???; Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] m. a sacrificer, one versed in sacrificial ritual, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc. (cf. [gana] ukthādi; = yājaka or yajña-kartṛ, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

5) [v.s. ...] Name of various plants used at a s° (a species of Kuśa-grass, barley, Ficus Religiosa, Butea Frondosa etc.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yajñika (यज्ञिक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. Butea frondosa.

2) Yājñika (याज्ञिक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A sacrificer; an officiating priest; Kusa grass.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Yājñika (याज्ञिक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jaṇṇiya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Yajnika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Yajnika in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Yājñika (याज्ञिक) [Also spelled yagyik]:—(nm) one who performs a '[yajña]' (a) pertaining to a sacrifice.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Yajñika (ಯಜ್ಞಿಕ):—[noun] the tree Butea frondosa of Papilionaceae family; flame of the forest.

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Yājñika (ಯಾಜ್ಞಿಕ):—[adjective] relating to a religious sacrifice or sacrifices; sacrificial.

--- OR ---

Yājñika (ಯಾಜ್ಞಿಕ):—

1) [noun] = ಯಾಜಕ - [yajaka -] 1 & 2.

2) [noun] the dry sticks of peepul (Ficus religiosa) and flame of the forest (Butea frondosa) trees, used in sacrifices.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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