Yadava, aka: Yādava; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Yadava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Itihasa (narrative history)

[Yadava in Itihasa glossaries]

Yādava (यादव) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.70.2) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Yādava) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Purana

[Yadava in Purana glossaries]

Yādava (यादव).—See under Yaduvaṃśa.

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Yādava (यादव).—A name of Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 40; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 41.

1b) Descendants of Yadu also called Mādhavas and Vṛṣṇis; a tribe who had Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma as their lords;1 the maternal uncle line of Sagara with capital at Mathurā; Kakudmin was their king for some time;2 inhabitants of Dvāravatī; three crores strong; formerly Asuras who were killed in the Devāsura wars, and were born as men; of them 600,000 were warriors; eleven kulas or clans distinguished among them; all Vaiṣṇavas.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 30; X. 67. 25; XI. 30. 11; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 216; Matsya-purāṇa 271. 2.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 49. 6; 61. 22.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 86. 27; 96. 215 and 252-5.

1c) The family of Yadu;1 unlimited in numbers; had 38 millions of teachers of army;2 consisted of 101 families over whom Viṣṇu was ruler and teacher;3 consisted of Kukuras, Vṛṣṇis and Andhakas;4 to deprive them of all their possessions was the plan of Kaṃsa;5 on Kṛṣṇa's advice and in fulfilment of the curse of sages to die of the iron club born to Sāmba, left Dvārakā for Prabhāsa; having drunk they attacked one another and finally took hold of rushes grown out of the iron pieces of musala and killed themselves.6

  • 1) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 11. 30.
  • 2) Ib. IV. 15. 45-6.
  • 3) Ib. IV. 15. 48-9.
  • 4) Ib. V. 35. 16; 37. 39.
  • 5) Ib. V. 15. 20.
  • 6) Ib. V. 37. 38-47.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Yadava in Hinduism glossaries]

The Yadavas (lit: 'descended from Yadu') were an ancient Indian people who believed themselves to be descended from Yadu, a mythical king. They are listed in ancient Indian literature as the segments of the lineage of Yadu (Yaduvamsha).

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

India history and geogprahy

[Yadava in India history glossaries]

Yādava (यादव).—The Yādavas were an ancient Indian people who believed themselves to be descended from Yadu, a mythical king. The community was probably formed of four clans, being the Ābhīra, Andhaka, Vṛṣṇi, and Sātvatas, who all worshipped Kṛṣṇa. They are listed in ancient Indian literature as the segments of the lineage of Yadu (Yaduvaṃśa).

(Source): Wikipedia: India History

Yādava is one of the ancient dynasties from India (Āndhradeśa or Andhra Pradesh), conquered and subjugated by Gaṇapatideva  (r. 1199-1262 A.D.) who let them rule their territory as an independent māṇḍalika.—Three branches of the Yādava dynasty ruled over small tracts of Āndhradeśa with Addanki, Pānagal and Ālavulapāḍu as their headquarters. They were probably branches of the Yādavas of Devagiri and of Marāṭha origin.

Yādavas of Addanki:—The chiefs were also known as Cakranārāyaṇas and this was prefixed to their names who ruled parts of Prakasam District from Addanki as head quarters. They claimed Śālaṅkāyana-gotra. Sāraṅgadhara I (A.D. 1150) was the earliest known member of this dynasty and was contemporary of Kākati Rudradeva.

(Source): Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Yadava in Marathi glossaries]

yādava (यादव).—m (S) The patronymic of the descendents of yadu an ancient king of India.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Yadava in Sanskrit glossaries]

Yādava (यादव).—[yadorapatyam aṇ] A descendant of Yadu.

2) Name of Kṛṣṇa.

-vī 1 Name of Durgā

2) Of Kuntī; भद्रं ते यादवीमातर्वचश्चेदं निबोध मे (bhadraṃ te yādavīmātarvacaścedaṃ nibodha me) Mb.15.3.3.

3) Of Subhadrā; कर्णं द्रक्षति कुन्ती च सौभद्रं चापि यादवी (karṇaṃ drakṣati kuntī ca saubhadraṃ cāpi yādavī) Mb.15.31.2.

-vam A stock of cattle.

Derivable forms: yādavaḥ (यादवः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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