Yadava, Yādava: 18 definitions
Yadava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)
Yādava (यादव) refers to “śrī Kṛṣṇa, the best of the Yādu dynasty”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Yādava (यादव).—See under Yaduvaṃśa.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Yādava (यादव).—A name of Kṛṣṇa.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 40; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 41.
1b) Descendants of Yadu also called Mādhavas and Vṛṣṇis; a tribe who had Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma as their lords;1 the maternal uncle line of Sagara with capital at Mathurā; Kakudmin was their king for some time;2 inhabitants of Dvāravatī; three crores strong; formerly Asuras who were killed in the Devāsura wars, and were born as men; of them 600,000 were warriors; eleven kulas or clans distinguished among them; all Vaiṣṇavas.3
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 30; X. 67. 25; XI. 30. 11; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 216; Matsya-purāṇa 271. 2.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 49. 6; 61. 22.
- 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 86. 27; 96. 215 and 252-5.
1c) The family of Yadu;1 unlimited in numbers; had 38 millions of teachers of army;2 consisted of 101 families over whom Viṣṇu was ruler and teacher;3 consisted of Kukuras, Vṛṣṇis and Andhakas;4 to deprive them of all their possessions was the plan of Kaṃsa;5 on Kṛṣṇa's advice and in fulfilment of the curse of sages to die of the iron club born to Sāmba, left Dvārakā for Prabhāsa; having drunk they attacked one another and finally took hold of rushes grown out of the iron pieces of musala and killed themselves.6
- 1) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 11. 30.
- 2) Ib. IV. 15. 45-6.
- 3) Ib. IV. 15. 48-9.
- 4) Ib. V. 35. 16; 37. 39.
- 5) Ib. V. 15. 20.
- 6) Ib. V. 37. 38-47.
Yādava (यादव) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.70.2) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Yādava) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vedanta (school of philosophy)Source: Shodhganga: Siva Gita A Critical Study
Yādava (यादव) or Yādavagītā refers to one of the sixty-four Gītās commonly referred to in Hindu scriptures.—Gītā is the name given to certain sacred writings in verse (often in the form of a dialogue) which are devoted to the exposition of particular religious and theosophical doctrines. Most of these Gītās [i.e., Yādava-gītā] originate from the Mahābhārata or the various Purāṇas.
Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
The Yadavas (lit: 'descended from Yadu') were an ancient Indian people who believed themselves to be descended from Yadu, a mythical king. They are listed in ancient Indian literature as the segments of the lineage of Yadu (Yaduvamsha).
India history and geographySource: Wikipedia: India History
Yādava (यादव).—The Yādavas were an ancient Indian people who believed themselves to be descended from Yadu, a mythical king. The community was probably formed of four clans, being the Ābhīra, Andhaka, Vṛṣṇi, and Sātvatas, who all worshipped Kṛṣṇa. They are listed in ancient Indian literature as the segments of the lineage of Yadu (Yaduvaṃśa).Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times
Yādava is one of the ancient dynasties from India (Āndhradeśa or Andhra Pradesh), conquered and subjugated by Gaṇapatideva (r. 1199-1262 A.D.) who let them rule their territory as an independent māṇḍalika.—Three branches of the Yādava dynasty ruled over small tracts of Āndhradeśa with Addanki, Pānagal and Ālavulapāḍu as their headquarters. They were probably branches of the Yādavas of Devagiri and of Marāṭha origin.
Yādavas of Addanki:—The chiefs were also known as Cakranārāyaṇas and this was prefixed to their names who ruled parts of Prakasam District from Addanki as head quarters. They claimed Śālaṅkāyana-gotra. Sāraṅgadhara I (A.D. 1150) was the earliest known member of this dynasty and was contemporary of Kākati Rudradeva.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
yādava (यादव).—m (S) The patronymic of the descendents of yadu an ancient king of India.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Yādava (यादव).—[yadorapatyam aṇ] A descendant of Yadu.
2) Name of Kṛṣṇa.
-vī 1 Name of Durgā
2) Of Kuntī; भद्रं ते यादवीमातर्वचश्चेदं निबोध मे (bhadraṃ te yādavīmātarvacaścedaṃ nibodha me) Mb.15.3.3.
3) Of Subhadrā; कर्णं द्रक्षति कुन्ती च सौभद्रं चापि यादवी (karṇaṃ drakṣati kuntī ca saubhadraṃ cāpi yādavī) Mb.15.31.2.
-vam A stock of cattle.
Derivable forms: yādavaḥ (यादवः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-vaḥ) 1. Krishna, as descended from the family of Yadu. 2. A Yadava, or descendant of Yadu. f. (-vī) A name of Durga. n.
(-vaṃ) Stock of cattle. E. yadu a proper name, aṇ aff. of descent, &c.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Yādava (यादव).—i. e. yadu + a, I. m. 1. A Yādava, or descendant of Yadu. 2. Kṛṣṇa. Ii. f. vī, Durgā. Iii. n. A stock of cattle.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Yādava (यादव).—[feminine] ī relating to Yadu; [masculine] & [feminine] his descendant, [masculine] [plural] his race.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Yādava (यादव) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—lexicographer. See Yādavaprakāśa.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Yādava (यादव):—mf(ī)n. ([from] yadu) relating to or descended from Yadu, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
2) m. a descendant of Y° (also [plural]), [ib.]
3) Name of Kṛṣṇa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) Name of various authors (cf. [compound]), [Catalogue(s)]
5) n. a stock of cattle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Yādava (यादव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. Krishna as descended from the family of Yadu. f. (vī) Durgā. n. Stock of cattle.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
1) adj. (f. ī) zu Yadu in Beziehung stehend, von ihm herstammend: kula [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 11, 1, 3.] vaṃśa [Harivaṃśa 5164. 5253.] purī [6987.] śrī [9595.] kṛnyā [Mahābhārata 1, 4367.] rājan [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 63.] m. ein Nachkomme Yadu's (= kṛṣṇa [Medinīkoṣa v. 48.] [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma]) [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 7, 1. 9.] [Bhagavadgītā 11, 41.] [Mahābhārata 7, 6031.] [Harivaṃśa 4238.] [NALOD. 1, 1] (yādavatas). yādavī f. [Mahābhārata 1, 3766.] [Harivaṃśa 770. 11069.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 60.] putra [Mahābhārata 12, 2660.] mātar adj. [15, 89.] yādavī unter den Namen der Durgā [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 53.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 48.] pl. yādavāḥ Yadu's Nachkommen [Mahābhārata 1, 3533. 5, 4896. 14, 2479.] [Harivaṃśa 1898. 5180.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 418. 441. 609. fgg.] = mādhavāḥ, vṛṣṇayaḥ (vṛṣṇi = yādava [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 138]) [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 23, 29.] yādavaśārdūla = kṛṣṇa [Mahābhārata 13, 1024.] yādavendra desgl. [PAÑCAR. 4, 1, 24.] ayādavīṃ (vgl. niryādava) mahīṃ kartum [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 50, 3.] —
2) m. Nomen proprium eines Lexicographen [Colebrooke] [?II,49. Journ. of the Am. Or. S.6,524. Oxforder Handschriften 113,b,3. 126,a,17. 164,a,4. 182,b,43. 194,a,13.] koṣa [162,b,21.] eines Astronomen [Weber’s Indische Studien 2, 251. 256. 270. fg.] yādavācārya m. Nomen proprium eines Lehrers [HALL 203.] paṇḍita (= yādavavyāsa) eines Autors [105.] —
3) n. Reichthum an Hausvieh [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 58, v. l.] [Medinīkoṣa], wo yādavaṃ st. yādavaḥ zu lesen ist. — Vgl. yādva .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
1) Adj. (f. ī) zu Yadu in Beziehung stehend , von ihm herstammend. —
2) m. — a) ein Nachkomme Yadu's. Auch Pl. — b) Nomen proprium eines Lexicographen und eines Astronomen. —
3) f. ī — a) ein weiblicher Nachkomme des Yadu. — b) *Beiname der Durgā. —
4) *n. Reichthum an Hausvieh.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+14): Yadava cakravartin, Yadava pandita, Yadava suri, Yadava vajapeyin, Yadava vidyabhushana, Yadava-cakravartin, Yadavabhyudaya, Yadavacampu, Yadavacarya, Yadavadhi, Yadavagiri, Yadavagirimahatmya, Yadavagita, Yadavajadavari, Yadavajadavarya, Yadavajadavaryas, Yadavaka, Yadavakosha, Yadavakuta, Yadavana.
Full-text (+274): Niryadava, Satyaki, Satvat, Yadavodaya, Uddhava, Vikadru, Anadhrishti, Shyala, Yadavavyasa, Hridika, Yadavabhyudaya, Dasharha, Yadu, Yadavi, Shini, Yadavanvaya, Bhoja, Yadavakosha, Devamidha, Yadavagirimahatmya.
Search found 47 books and stories containing Yadava, Yādava; (plurals include: Yadavas, Yādavas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The history of Andhra country (1000 AD - 1500 AD) (by Yashoda Devi)
Introduction (Yadava dynasty) < [Chapter XIV - The Yadavas]
Part 1 - The Yadavas of Addanki (A.D. 1150-1270) < [Chapter XIV - The Yadavas]
Part 12 - End of the Panugal Yadva dynasty < [Chapter XIV - The Yadavas]
The End of the Yadavas < [Fifth Section]
Kalayavana < [Fifth Section]
The Jewel Syamantaka < [Fourth Section]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Harivamsha Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter 47 - Rukshmini’s Swayamvara < [Book 2 - Vishnu Parva]
Chapter 37 - An Account of Haryashva < [Book 2 - Vishnu Parva]
Chapter 23 - Andhaka’s Advice to Kamsa < [Book 2 - Vishnu Parva]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 74 - Installation of Liṅgas by Kauravas, Pāṇḍavas and Yadavas < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]
Chapter 231 - Greatness of Jāmbavatī Nadī (River) < [Section 1 - Prabhāsa-kṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 1 - Does God endure in the Kaliyuga? < [Section 4 - Dvārakā-māhātmya]
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)