Vyutsarga: 4 definitions



Vyutsarga means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vyutsarga in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Vyutsarga (व्युत्सर्ग, “renunciation”) refers to “giving up attachment to the body” and represents one of the seven types of prāyaścitta (‘expiation’). Prāyaścitta means ‘purification’ of from the flaws or transmigressions.

Vyutsarga is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Vyutsarga (व्युत्सर्ग) refers to “indifference to the body” and represents a characteristic of six-fold inner penance: one of the two kinds of tapas, according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism. Accordingly, in the sermon of Sūri Dharmaghoṣa:—“[...] that is called penance (tapas) that burns away karma. Outer penance is fasting, etc., and inner is confession and penance, etc. [...] Confession and penance (prayaścitta), service to others (vaiyāvṛtta), study of sacred texts (svādhyāya), reverence (vinaya), indifference to the body (vyutsarga), good meditation (śubhadhyāna) are the sixfold inner penance”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 9: Influx of karmas

1) Vyutsarga (व्युत्सर्ग, “renunciation”).—What is meant by vyutsarga? It means “to give up”. How many types of renunciation (vyutsarga) are there? There are two types namely;

  1. giving up the external objects of attachment,
  2. giving up the internal objects of attachment.

Objects like money, physical assets, family etc are called external objects of attachment. To give up such objects is called “giving up external objects of attachment”. To give the passions (anger, deceit, greed and pride) which are the perverted states of the soul is called “giving up internal objects of attachment”.

2) Vyutsarga (व्युत्सर्ग).—What is meant by renunciation-expiation (vyutsarga-prāyaścitta)? Standing at one place without any attachment to the body to perform austerities is called ‘giving up attachment to the body’-expiation.

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context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vyutsarga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyutsarga (व्युत्सर्ग):—[=vy-utsarga] [from vyut-sṛj] m. renunciation, resignation, [Hemacandra’s Yoga-śāstra]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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