Vyoma: 12 definitions


Vyoma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vyom.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Google Books: The Alchemical Body

Vyoma (व्योम), as both mica and ether, is identified with the Goddess’s sexual emission. Mercury (rasa), when it is identified with the soul (jīva), when it transmutes through speech of which the substrate is ether (śabha-vedha), and when it becomes possessed of the power of flight (khecara/khecaratā), is itself associated with ether. In this way, both mercury and mica, the secual emissions of Śiva and the Goddess, located at the summit of the alchemical hierarchy, are likened to the ethereal goose.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vyoma (व्योम) or Vyomarūpa refers to the “form of Ether”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] obeisance to Śiva who is wind in the subtle form of the principal of touch. Obeisance to you, the lord of individual souls, the priest presiding over sacrifice; and Vedhas (the creator). Obeisance to you the terrible in the form of Ether (i.e., vyoma-rūpa) with the principle of sound Obeisance to the great lord Moon, or, one accompanied by Uma; obeisance to the Active”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vyoma (व्योम).—A King born in the dynasty of Bharata, the son of Duṣyanta. It is mentioned in Bhāgavata, Skandha 9, that Vyoma was the son of Dāśārha and the father of Jīmūta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vyoma (व्योम).—A son of Daśārha, and father of Jīmūta.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 3-4; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 70. 41; Matsya-purāṇa 44. 40; Vāyu-purāṇa 95. 40; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 12. 41.

1b) A son of Maya and follower of Kaṃsa, came to Vraja in the guise of a Gopa, and mixed in a game with Gopas. Removed a good number of them to a cave nearby. Finding the numbers reduced, Kṛṣṇa spotted out the mischievous foe and killed him on the spot.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 37. 28-32.

1c) One of the ten horses of the moon's chariot.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 57.

1d) The intervening space between heaven and earth.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 2. 32.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Vyoma (व्योम).—Zero. Note: Vyoma is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Vyoma (व्योम) represents the number 0 (zero) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 0—vyoma] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vyōma (व्योम).—n S The sky or heavens.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vyōma (व्योम).—n The sky or heaven.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vyoma (व्योम):—[from vyoman] 1. vyoma (for 2. See [column]3), in [compound] for 2. vyoman.

2) [from vyoman] 2. vyoma m. (for 1. See [column]2) Name of a son of Daśārha, [Purāṇa] ([varia lectio] for vyoman).

[Sanskrit to German]

Vyoma in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vyoma (व्योम) [Also spelled vyom]:—(nm) the sky; -[gaṃgā/saritā] the milky way (in the sky); ~[gāmī/cara/cārī/vihārī] sky-faring.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vyōma (ವ್ಯೋಮ):—

1) [noun] the sky.

2) [noun] the gaseous envelope surrounding the earth; atmosphere.

3) [noun] the symbol or number 0; zero.

4) [noun] (pros.) a metrical foot consisting of two long syllablic instants followed by one short one (—u); anti-bacchius.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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