Vyayoga, Vyāyoga: 10 definitions


Vyayoga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vyāyoga (व्यायोग) refers to one of the “ten kinds of dramatic plays” (daśarūpa), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 20. These different types of dramas are considered to have originated from the various styles (vṛtti), which is discussed in chapter 22 of the same work. The Vyāyoga type of drama includes the following styles: Verbal (bhāratī), Grand (sāttvatī) and Energetic (ārabhaṭī).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Vyāyoga (व्यायोग).—One of the ten types of play (nāṭya).—The Vyāyoga is a play with a well-knownn Hero and a small number of female characters. The events related in it are to be of one day’s duration. It is to have one Act only and to include battle, personal combat, challenge and angry conflict.

The Vyāyoga and the Īhāmṛga are to have three segments (sandhi). There should be no Development (garbha) and Pause (avamarśavimarśa) in these two. and the Graceful Style (kaiśikī) also has no place in them.

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Vyāyoga (व्यायोग) refers to one of the twelve kinds of Rūpaka, which represents the dṛśyakāvya division of Kāvya (“poetry”), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—The Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa states that in Vyāyoga, actions of one day are showed through one hero. The sentiment should be dṛpta. Though dṛpta is not included in the list of nine rasas, the Abhinavabhāratī clarifies that dṛptarasa is endowed with ojaguṇa and it is originated from vīra and raudra sentiments

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyāyoga (व्यायोग).—A kind of dramatic composition in one act; it is thus described by S. D. :-ख्यातेतिवृत्तो व्यायोगः स्वल्प- स्त्रीजनसंयुतः । हीनो गर्भविमर्षाभ्यां नरैर्बहुभिराश्रितः । एकाङ्कश्च भवेद- स्त्रीनिमित्तसमरोदयः । कैशिकीवृत्तिरहितः प्रख्यातस्तत्र नायकः । राज- र्षिरथ दिव्यो वा भवेद्धीरोद्धतश्च सः । हास्यशृङ्गारशान्तेभ्य इतरेऽत्राङ्गिनो रसाः (khyātetivṛtto vyāyogaḥ svalpa- strījanasaṃyutaḥ | hīno garbhavimarṣābhyāṃ narairbahubhirāśritaḥ | ekāṅkaśca bhaveda- strīnimittasamarodayaḥ | kaiśikīvṛttirahitaḥ prakhyātastatra nāyakaḥ | rāja- rṣiratha divyo vā bhaveddhīroddhataśca saḥ | hāsyaśṛṅgāraśāntebhya itare'trāṅgino rasāḥ) || 514; cf. मध्यमव्यायोग (madhyamavyāyoga) of Bhāsa.

Derivable forms: vyāyogaḥ (व्यायोगः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyāyoga (व्यायोग).—m.

(-gaḥ) A kind of dramatic exhibition or composition in one act, the subject of which is some contest or war of a heroic kind, and of which woman is not the cause. E. vi and āṅ before yuj to unite, aff. ghañ; in which the valiant are associated.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyāyoga (व्यायोग).—[masculine] a kind of drama.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyāyoga (व्यायोग):—[=vy-āyoga] [from vyā-yuj] m. a kind of dramatic representation or composition in one act (belonging to the Prakaraṇa class, and describing some military or heroic exploit from which the sentiment of love is excluded), [Bharata-nāṭya-śāstra; Daśarūpa etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyāyoga (व्यायोग):—[vyā+yoga] (gaḥ) 1. m. Dramatic composition celebrating athletic sports, conflicts, &c.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vyayoga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vyāyōga (ವ್ಯಾಯೋಗ):—[noun] a kind of dramatic representation or composition in one act describing some military or heroic exploit from which the sentiment of love is excluded.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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