Vyatha, Vyathā: 16 definitions


Vyatha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Vyathā (व्यथा):—Pain

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vyathā (व्यथा) refers to “difficulties” (e.g., of the early days of pregnancy), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.6.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] Menā bore the characteristic signs of pregnancy which almost indicated the imminent rise in pleasure of her lord and served as the auspicious cause for the future bliss of the gods. [...] Whatever product of the mountain she wished to have in the course of her pregnancy she found brought to her. There was nothing which he, the lord of the mountain, could not accomplish in the heaven too. Surmounting the difficulties of the early days of pregnancy [i.e., dohada-vyathā], she grew more plump in her limbs. Menā then shone like a tender creeper putting forth more leaves and flowers. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Vyathā (व्यथा) refers to “fears”, according to Kālidāsa’s Raghuvaṃśa verse 1.64.—Accordingly: “The king who knew what to do asked his guru about those portents like the headwind etc., if they would be averted soon, and he removed his fears (vyathā) saying, ‘It will end well’”.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Vyatha (व्यथ) refers to “torments” (such as deprivation and physical harm), according to the Yogabīja (verse 76cd-78ab; Cf verse 51-53).—Accordingly, “The wise [Yogin] burns his body, consisting of the seven Dhātus, with the fire [stoked by Haṭhayoga]. His diseases and torments (vyatha) such as deprivation and physical harm vanish [tasya naśyanti chedaghātādikā vyathāḥ], and he remains embodied, his form [like] the supreme ether. What more can be said? He does not die”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Vyathā (व्यथा) refers to “pains”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Certainly, for embodied souls whose selves are blinded by the irresistible spreading of ignorance and passion, pains (vyathā) are to be endured for a very long time in hell, etc.”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vyathā (व्यथा).—f (S) Pain (bodily or mental).

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyathā (व्यथा).—[vyath-bhāve-aṅ]

1) Pain, agony, anguish; तां च व्यथां प्रसवकालकृतामवाप्य (tāṃ ca vyathāṃ prasavakālakṛtāmavāpya) Uttararāmacarita 4.23;1.12.

2) Fear, alarm, anxiety; स्वन्तमित्यलघयत् स तद्व्यथाम् (svantamityalaghayat sa tadvyathām) R.11.62.

3) Agitation, disquietude.

4) Disease.

5) Loss, damage.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyathā (व्यथा).—f.

(-thā) 1. Pain. 2. Distress. 3. Alarm, fear. 4. Perturbation. E. vyath to fear, to suffer pain, &c., affs. aṅ and ṭāp .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyathā (व्यथा).—[vyath + ā], f. 1. Alarm, fear, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 9, 6. 2. Distress, [Pañcatantra] 215, 19. 3. Pain, [Pañcatantra] iv. [distich] 19; disease, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 66.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyathā (व्यथा).—[feminine] failure, disappointment, misfortune, loss, adversity, uneasiness, sorrow, distress.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vyatha (व्यथ):—[from vyath] See jala-vyatha.

2) Vyathā (व्यथा):—[from vyath] f. agitation, perturbation, alarm, uneasiness, pain, anguish, fear, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (vyathāṃ-√kṛ, either, ‘to cause pain’ or ‘to feel pain’)

3) [v.s. ...] loss, damage, ill-luck, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] (with hṛdi or hṛdaye), palpitation, throbbing of the heart, [Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyathā (व्यथा):—(thā) 1. f. Pain; alarm.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vyatha (व्यथ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vaha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vyatha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vyathā (व्यथा):—(nf) pain, agony, anguish: ~[kara] agonising; ~[kula] see [vyathita; ~krāta] see [vyathita; ~tura] see [vyathita; ~rahita/śunya] free from pain/agony/anguish.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vyatha (ವ್ಯಥ):—[adjective] having no use; serving no purpose; useless.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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