Vyapada, aka: Vyāpāda, Vyāpada; 9 Definition(s)


Vyapada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

'of ill-will';

'ill-will', is a synonym of dosa (s. mūla); it is one of the 5 hindrances (nīvarana) and one of the 10 fetters (samyojana).

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

ill-will; When there is delight in a meditation subject there is no ill-will or boredom.

Ill-will is another akusala dhamma which is one of the hindrances. When there is ill-will there is no loving-kindness, no compassion, no understanding of nama and rupa. However, some moments later mindfulness can arise and be aware of any reality which appears, even of annoyance.

One of the six Kamacchandas;

Source: Dhamma Study: Cetasikas
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

1) Vyāpāda (व्यापाद) refers to “spitefulness” or “evil intent or design”; the abstinence thereof represents one of the three paths classified as manaskarma-patha (paths of mental action) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—The paths of mental action (manaskarma-patha) are three in number: abstaining from envy (abhidhyā), spitefulness (vyāpāda) and wrong views (mithyādṛṣṭi).

2) Vyāpāda (व्यापाद, “malevolence”) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVIII). Accordingly, “the obstacle of malevolence (vyāpāda-nīvaraṇa) is the origin of the loss of all good dharmas, the cause of falling into the unfortunate destinies (durgati), the enemy of all happiness (sukha), the abductor of good minds (kuśalacitta), the reservoir of all kinds of harmful speech (pāruṣyavāda)”.

3) Vyāpada (व्यापद) refers to “malice”, according to chapter L.—Accordingly, “[...] the Bodhisattva-Mahāsattva who wishes to not produce thoughts of avarice, immorality, malice (vyāpada), laziness, distraction or false wisdom should practice the perfection of wisdom”.—It is already forbidden to a Hīnayānist or a lay person (pṛthagjana) to produce a thought of malice (vyāpada-citta), all the more reason it is forbidden to a Bodhisattva who has produced the mind of supreme perfect enlightenment. The body (kāya) is a vessel of suffering (duḥkhabhājana): it suffers vexations. Thus the murderer (vadhaka) himself goes to his punishment: of what he himself has committed, he himself suffers the consequences, he cannot give it to another. Only by protecting his own mind is he able not to experience malice. It is like when one is suffering from wind (vātya), rain (varṣa), cold (śīta) or heat (uṣṇa), there is no use in becoming irritated.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Vyāpāda (व्यापाद, “ill-will”) refers to one of the “ten unwholesome things” (kuśala) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 56). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., vyāpāda). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Vyapada in Pali glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vyāpāda : (m.) ill-will; malevolent.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vyāpāda, (fr. vyāpajjati. See also byāpāda) making bad, doing harm: desire to injure, malevolence, ill-will D. I, 71, 246; III, 70 sq. 226, 234; S. I, 99; II, 151; IV, 343; A. I, 194, 280; II, 14, 210; III, 92, 231, 245; IV, 437; Vbh. 86, 363 sq. 391; Pug. 17 sq.; Dhs. 1137; Vism. 7; DA. I, 211; VbhA. 74, 118, 369. °anusaya M. I, 433. °dosa M. III, 3. °dhātu M. III, 62. °nīvaraṇa M. II, 203. See under each affix.—Cp. avyāpāda. (Page 654)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyāpāda (व्यापाद).—

1) Killing, slaying.

2) Ruin, destruction.

3) Evil design, malice.

Derivable forms: vyāpādaḥ (व्यापादः).

See also (synonyms): vyāpādana.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyāpāda (व्यापाद).—m. (= Pali id.; see prec. two), malice; one of the three mental akusala karmāṇi (regularly listed after abhidhyā and before mithyādṛṣṭi or °darśana): Mv i.107.15; Mvy 1697; LV 31.17; Mv ii.99.11 (avidyā in 10 by error for abhidhyā); Bbh 224.1; Karmav 79.16; °da-citta, malicious thoughts, SP 379.1; 382.7; °da-vitarka, substantially the same, LV 71.9; Śikṣ 39.15; avyāpādo …vyāpādavitarkaprahāṇāya saṃvartate LV 32.22, non- malice…leads to abandonment of malicious reflections; opposite of maitrī Bbh 204.24; 368.21; vyāpādasyāvyāpādo niḥsaraṇaṃ maitrī Mvy 1597; asuras are vyāpādabahulā Mv i.30.2, sureṣu vyāpādena, with (or, because of) malice towards the gods id. 3—4; associated with other vices, often in lists of vices, esp. juxtaposed to krodha, SP 419.6; LV 52.14; 411.17; miscellaneous LV 35.2; 42.5; 178.13; 279.8; 280.5; 430.12; Śikṣ 14.3; Dbh 25.4; Bbh 145.9; 243.21; Sukh 25.13; ākīrṇa-vyāpāda, with abundant malice, RP 34.9; one of the 5 nīvaraṇa, q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vyāpada (व्यापद).—m.

(-daḥ) 1. Ruin. 2. Evil design, malice.

--- OR ---

Vyāpāda (व्यापाद).—m.

(-daḥ) Evil-design, malice, prepense, the wish or project to injure another person. E. vi and āṅ before pad to go, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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the bodily tie of ill-will; One of the four Kayaganthas;
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Avyāpāda (अव्यापाद).—m. (= Pali id.; neg. of vyāpāda, q.v.), non-malice: LV 32.22, see s.v. vyā...
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