Vyalika, Vyālika, Vyalīka: 9 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vyalika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vyalīka (व्यलीक, “mixed feeling”) refers to one of the four causes of “jealousy” (īrṣya), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24.

Accordingly, “mixed feeling (vyalīka) arises due to jealousy mixed with great joy when one’s beloved one is seen [near by] even after he has been treated with contempt in many ways. Mixed feeling (vyalīka) should be represented by putting forward a foot and having the left hand on the breasts and the right one violently gesticulating”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vyalika in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vyālika, (nt.) (for vy+alika) fault ThA. 266. (Page 654)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyalīka (व्यलीक).—a.

1) False, untrue; ताश्च व्यलीकं रुरुदुः कृतागसः (tāśca vyalīkaṃ ruruduḥ kṛtāgasaḥ) Bhāg.6.14.48.

2) Offensive, disagreeable, displeasing; न च व्यलीकमासीद्राज्ञ एतद्वृत्तान्तं दृष्ट्वा त्रात इत्युक्त्वा (na ca vyalīkamāsīdrājña etadvṛttāntaṃ dṛṣṭvā trāta ityuktvā) Mb.3.197. 23.

3) Not false; इत्थं गिरः प्रियतमा इव सोऽव्यलीकाः शुश्राव सूततनयस्य तदा व्यलीकाः (itthaṃ giraḥ priyatamā iva so'vyalīkāḥ śuśrāva sūtatanayasya tadā vyalīkāḥ) Śi.5.1.

4) Unfit to be done.

-kaḥ 1 A libertine.

2) A catamite.

-kam 1 Anything disagreeable or displeasing, disagreeableness; ननु जन- विदितैर्भवद्व्यलीकौश्चिरपरिपूरितमेव कर्णयुग्मम् (nanu jana- viditairbhavadvyalīkauściraparipūritameva karṇayugmam) Śi.7.54.

2) Any cause of grief or uneasiness, pain, sorrow, grief; सुतनु हृदयात् प्रत्यादेशव्यलीकमपैतु ते (sutanu hṛdayāt pratyādeśavyalīkamapaitu te) Ś.7.24; यस्मिन्ननैश्वर्यकृतव्यलीकः पराभवं प्राप्त इवान्तकोऽपि (yasminnanaiśvaryakṛtavyalīkaḥ parābhavaṃ prāpta ivāntako'pi) Ki.3.19.; Ku.3.25; R.4.87.

3) A fault, an offence, a transgression, any improper act; सव्यलीकमवधीरितखिन्नं प्रस्थितं सपदि कोपपदेन (savyalīkamavadhīritakhinnaṃ prasthitaṃ sapadi kopapadena) Ki.9.45; Śi.9.85; एवं प्रत्यक्षदृष्टव्यलीकः किं ब्रवीमि (evaṃ pratyakṣadṛṣṭavyalīkaḥ kiṃ bravīmi) Ratn.3;3.15.

4) Fraud, trick, deception; तस्मात् तमेव सेवेत न व्यलीकेन कर्हिचित् (tasmāt tameva seveta na vyalīkena karhicit) Pt.1.12,242.

5) Falsehood.

6) Inversion, contrariety.

7) Sin, demerit; न सूक्ष्ममपि मे किंचिद् व्यलीकमिह विद्यते (na sūkṣmamapi me kiṃcid vyalīkamiha vidyate) Mb.14.14.7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyalīka (व्यलीक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) 1. Disagreeable, displeasing, offensive. 2. Improper, unfit to be done. 3. Painful. 4. Strange. 5. False. n.

(-kaṃ) 1. Pain, torture. 2. Fault, transgression. 3. Any thing displeasing. 4. Any improper act. 5. Reverse. 6. Cheating, tricking. m.

(-kaḥ) A catamite. E. vi and al to be able or to adorn, aff. īkak .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyalīka (व्यलीक).— (cf. alīka), I. adj. 1. Disagreeable, offensive. 2. Improper. 3. Painful. 4. Strange. Ii. m. A catamite. Iii. n. 1. Any displeasing or improper act. 2. Disagreeableness. 3. Pain, grief, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 183; [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 272. 4. Fault, transgression, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 85; [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 125. 5. Cheating, falsehood, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 136 (cf. Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 3208).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyalīka (व्यलीक).—[adjective] false, deceitful; [neuter] [adverb], as subst. falsehood, untruth, deceit, offence, pain, grief.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vyalīka (व्यलीक):—[=vy-alīka] [from vy] a mfn. very false or untruthful, lying, hypocritical (am ind.), [Amaru-śataka; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] disagreeable, painful, offensive, strange, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

3) [v.s. ...] improper or unfit to be done, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

4) [v.s. ...] not false, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

5) [v.s. ...] = vyaṅgya, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] m. = nāgara, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a catamite, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

8) [v.s. ...] n. anything displeasing, [ib.]

9) [v.s. ...] any cause of pain or uneasiness, [ib.]

10) [v.s. ...] pain, grief, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Purāṇa] etc.

11) [v.s. ...] a falsehood, lie, fraud (also [plural]), [Kāvya literature; Purāṇa] etc.

12) [v.s. ...] transgression, offence, misdeed, [Ratnāvalī; Jātakamālā]

13) [v.s. ...] = vailakṣya, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] reverse, contrariety, inversion, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

15) [=vy-alīka] b etc. See p. 1028, col. 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyalīka (व्यलीक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) n.] Pain, torture; fault; reverse; cheating. m. A catamite. a. Displeasing; unfit; improper; painful; strange.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Vyalīka (व्यलीक):—(2. vi + a)

1) n. Leid, Schmerz; = pīḍā [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 1, 12.] = pīḍana [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 94.] [Medinīkoṣa k. 154.] = akārya [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 42.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] = vipriya oder apriya [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 744.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha 4, 64.] [UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 4, 25.] = duḥkha [YĀDAVA] bei [Mallinātha] zu [Kirātārjunīya 3, 19.] = kheda [UJJVAL.] nahi tena mama bhrātrā susūkṣmamapi kiṃ ca na . vyalīkaṃ kṛtapūrvam [Mahābhārata 3, 270.] vyalīkaṃ paraṃ prāptaḥ [271. 17004.] sthāna (so mit der ed. Bomb. zu lesen) [?4, 112. 15, 297. Harivaṃśa 8420. Rāmāyaṇa 2, 26, 38 (39 Gorresio). 64, 8. Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 16, 8. 30, 19. 66, 7. 5, 37, 43. 41, 10. 47, 19. Mṛcchakaṭikā 110, 22. Kumārasaṃbhava 3, 25.] śamitaparājaya adj. Schmerz über [Raghuvaṃśa 4, 87.] pratyādeśa [Śākuntala 183.] kurvannapi vyalīkāni [Spr. (II) 1818.] [Kirātārjunīya 3, 19] (= vailakṣya nach [Mallinātha][?). Śiśupālavadha 9, 85.] a dem es wohlgeht (= niṣkapaṭa [Nīlakaṇṭha]) [Mahābhārata 5, 698.] —

2) adj. unwahr, lügnerisch, heuchlerisch: eine Person [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 11, 17.] vacas [8, 22, 2.] kathā [Spr. (II) 1505.] vyalīkam adv.: ruruduḥ [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 14, 48.] a ehrlich [DAŚAR. 2, 23.] wahr: vacas [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 19, 22.] vrata [2, 9, 4. 4, 8, 19.] avyalīkam adv. [3, 21, 22. 10, 51, 32.] —

3) n. Falsch, Lüge, Unwahrheit, Betrug [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 379.] [Halāyudha 4, 63.] na vyalīkaṃ vadet [Spr. 3208.] [Śiśupālavadha 7, 54] (pl.; = apriyavacanāni [Mallinātha][?). Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 15, 2. Kathāsaritsāgara 62, 104. Prabodhacandrodaja 97, 1. Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 4, 19. 8, 21, 34.] —

4) n. = vailakṣya [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 42.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [YĀDAVA.] —

5) m. = nāgara [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 1, 6. 3, 42.] [Medinīkoṣa] —

6) n. = vyaṅga [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] — Vgl. nirvyalīka (nicht falsch [Suśruta 2, 55, 15.] nicht entstellt [153, 4]).

--- OR ---

Vyālika (व्यालिक):—adj. (f. ī) = vyālena carati gaṇa parpādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 4, 10.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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