Vyagra: 16 definitions


Vyagra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vyagra (व्यग्र) refers to “excitement”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.15 (“The penance and reign of Tārakāsura”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated: “[...] At the same time, several phenomena of evil portent forboding misery and distress happened, when the son of Varāṅgī was born making the gods miserable. [...] O dear, groups of mad asses ran here and there braying loudly and digging the ground with their hoofs. Terrified by the asses, birds flew up from their nests. In their excitement and flutter [i.e., vyagra-citta] they honked and cronked. They did not find a peaceful perch anywhere. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Vyagra (व्यग्र) refers to “being preoccupied (with carrying out someone’s actions)”, according to the Dattātreyayogaśāstra verse 101.4 and Yogatattvopaniṣat 1.76-78.—Accordingly, while discussing the concerns about the use of Siddhis: “These [Siddhis] are obstacles to the great Siddhi (i.e., liberation). The wise [Yogin] does not delight in them. He should never reveal his own power to anyone, except sometimes he may do so to a devotee out of kindness. The Yogin should behave among people as though dumb, simple or deaf, in order to keep his powers hidden. If not, then there will surely be many students [who will] undoubtedly ask the master of Yoga [to intervene] in their own affairs. [Because of this,] he will become preoccupied with carrying out their actions (tat-karmakaraṇa-vyagra) and forgetful of his own [Yoga] practice”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Vyagra (व्यग्र) [=vyagrī?] refers to “confounded”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[This self] whose intention is confounded (vyagra-kṛtāśayavyagrīkṛtāśayaḥ) by the poison of manifestly false knowledge, desire and so forth falls into an existence that is difficult to endure, inflamed by the fire of endless suffering”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vyagra (व्यग्र).—a (S) Perturbed, agitated, disquieted by sorrow, apprehension, alarm, or anxiety.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vyagra (व्यग्र).—a Agitated, perturbed.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyagra (व्यग्र).—a. [vigatamagraṃ yasya]

1) Bewildered, perplexed, distracted; तं व्यग्रचक्रं दितिपुत्राधमेन (taṃ vyagracakraṃ ditiputrādhamena) Bhāgavata 3.19.6.

2) Alarmed, frightened.

3) Eagerly or intently occupied (with loc., instr. or in comp.) स राजककुदव्यग्रपाणिभिः पार्श्ववर्तिभिः (sa rājakakudavyagrapāṇibhiḥ pārśvavartibhiḥ) R.17.27; Mv.1.13;4.28; Kumārasambhava 7.2; Uttararāmacarita 1. 23; Bv.1.123; आरभन्तेऽल्पमेवाज्ञाः कामं व्यग्रा भवन्ति च (ārabhante'lpamevājñāḥ kāmaṃ vyagrā bhavanti ca) Śiśupālavadha 2.79.

4) Being in motion (as a wheel).

-graḥ Name of Viṣṇu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vyagra (व्यग्र).—adj. and subst. (opp. to Sanskrit and [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] samagra; = Pali vagga, with cpds. vaggārāma, vaggarata), (1) adj., separate, in separate places: (imāni…śikṣāpa- dāni) teṣu-teṣu sūtrānteṣu vyagrāṇi Bhagavatā ākhyātāni Bodhisattvabhūmi 180.14; (ṣaṇṇāṃ pāramitānāṃ teṣu-teṣu sūtrāntareṣu) (read °teṣu ?) Bhagavatā vyagrāṇāṃ nirdisṭānāṃ Bodhisattvabhūmi 215.15; vyagrāḥ kurvanti sātisārā bhavanti Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.196.4, [Page514-a+ 71] if they do it separate(ly), they are guilty of sin; similarly ii.202.14, 17; vyagreṇa, adv. (= Pali vaggena), separately, in a sectarian or divisive way, Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.202.9; vyagra- karman (= Pali vagga-kamma, Vin. i.318.9 ff.), disunited action, Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.210.1 ff., defined (opp. samagra-k°); (2) subst. (nt. ?), separation, disunion: na vyagrārāmo bhavati na vyagra-rato na vyagra-karaṇīṃ vācaṃ bhāṣate sadbhū- tām asadbhūtāṃ vā Daśabhūmikasūtra 24.4 (follows passage cited s.v. anupradāna 2), he takes no pleasure or delight in schism (here with implication of dissension in the order of monks), he speaks no word causing division, be it true or false; (ye sattvā akalyāṇamitraparigṛhītā bhavanti, teṣāṃ tebhyaḥ akalyāṇamitrebhyo)…vyagra-karaṇīṃ vācaṃ bhāṣate Bodhisattvabhūmi 168.2,…he speaks words to cause their separation from those evil friends.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyagra (व्यग्र).—mfn.

(-graḥ-grā-graṃ) 1. Bewildered, perplexed, distracted. 2. Alarmed, agitated, frightened. 3. Engaged in, zealous, eager. E. vi before agra chief, principal.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyagra (व्यग्र).—i. e. vi-agra, adj., f. , 1. Bewildered, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 108 (bhojana-, by the care for provisions). 2. Distracted. 3. Agitated, [Pañcatantra] 200, 8. 4. Engaged in, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 77, 4; occupied, [Pañcatantra] 121, 14; zealously occupied, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 236; zealous, eager, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 144.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyagra (व्यग्र).—[adjective] having no certain point or aim, unconcentrated, distracted, perplexed, bewildered; quite occupied with, eagerly engaged in ([instrumental], [locative], or —°). Abstr. [feminine], tva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vyagra (व्यग्र):—[=vy-agra] [from vy] a See sub voce

2) [=vy-agra] b mf(ā)n. not attending to any one [particular] point (opp. to ekāgra), distracted, inattentive

3) [v.s. ...] bewildered, agitated, excited, alarmed, [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] diverted from everything else, intent on, engrossed by, eagerly occupied with or employed in ([instrumental case] [locative case], or [compound]; sometimes said of hands and fingers), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] tottering, unsteady, exposed to dangers (See a-vy)

6) [v.s. ...] being in motion (as a wheel), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Viṣṇu, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyagra (व्यग्र):—[(graḥ-grā-graṃ) a.] Bewildered, distracted alarmed; eager.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vyagra (व्यग्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Vagga, Viagga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vyagra in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vyagra (व्यग्र):—(a) restless, perturbed, concerned; impatient; ~[] restlessness, perturbation; concern, anxiousness; impatience; ~[manā] restless, perturbed; concerned; impatient.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vyagra (ವ್ಯಗ್ರ):—

1) [verb] alarmed; frightened; anxious.

2) [verb] having an interest or share; concerned; interested.

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Vyagra (ವ್ಯಗ್ರ):—

1) [noun] the state of being alarmed, frightened; anxiety.

2) [noun] a man who is alarmed; an anxious man.

3) [noun] a man who is hurrying or habitually and impatiently hurries.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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