Vrittavarttika, Vṛttavārttika, Vritta-varttika: 3 definitions



Vrittavarttika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vṛttavārttika can be transliterated into English as Vrttavarttika or Vrittavarttika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous next»] — Vrittavarttika in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Vṛttavārttika (वृत्तवार्त्तिक) by Rāmapāṇivāda is the name of a commentary on the Vṛttaratnākara of Kedārabhaṭṭa (C. 950-1050 C.E.): a celebrated author in Sanskrit prosody. The Vṛttaratnākara is considered as most popular work in Sanskrit prosody, because of its rich and number of commentaries.

2) Vṛttavārttika (वृत्तवार्त्तिक) is the name of a work ascribed to Rāmapāṇivāda (18th Century): a scholar of multi discipline, who flourished in Kerala in the 18th Century. He was a prolific writer both in Sanskrit and Prakrit. Also see the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” XXIV. pp. 173-74.

The Vṛttavārttika consisting of 65 verses, elaborates the characteristics of various metres used in Sanskrit poetry and also gives examples. First eight verses of the work introduce the nature of the work and rest 57 verses illustrate sama, ardhasama, viṣama, and mātrā metres. Rāmapāṇivāda also has composed an auto commentary on the text, in which he gives explanation for the metres and their examples respectively. After being down at the feet of his preceptor, he praises lord Gaṇeśa and goddess Sarasvatī (Bhāratī) in the invocatory verse of the work and tells the kārikā describing the characteristics of metres for poetry was composed by him.

3) Vṛttavārttika (वृत्तवार्त्तिक) is the name of a work dealing with prosody ascribed to Umāpati (19th century): a scholar of Sanskrit metrics, who flourished in 19th Century. The lone work of Umāpati available to us is Vṛttavārttika. Though the text Vṛttavārttika is not available with us, John C. Mesfield says that Vṛttavārttika contains chāyā prosody consisting of 600 ślokas. The manuscript, which he had noticed was a paper manuscript having 60 pages and 10 lines in each page. Most interestingly the manuscript was in the possession of Umāpati, the author.

4) Vṛttavārttika (वृत्तवार्त्तिक) is the name of a text dealing with Sanskrit prosody (chandas) for which no authorship could be traced. Usually the authors mention their names, parentage etc. in the colophon of their works. But there are certain works in which, the author leaves no impression of his identity. The Vṛtta-vārttika is mentioned in the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” XXXI. p. 21.

5) Vṛttavārttika (वृत्तवार्त्तिक) is the name of a work ascribed to Vaidyanātha related to the topics of Sanskrit prosody (chandas) but having an unknown period of composition.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vrittavarttika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Vṛttavārttika (वृत्तवार्त्तिक) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Oppert. 3218. Compare the Vṛttamauktika of Candraśekhara, who calls his work a Vārttika to Piṅgala.
—by Umāpati. Oudh. V, 10.
—by Vaidyanātha. Oudh. Xv, 58.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛttavārttika (वृत्तवार्त्तिक):—[=vṛtta-vārttika] [from vṛtta > vṛt] n. Name of [work] on metre.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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