Vrittaratnavali, aka: Vṛttaratnāvalī, Vritta-ratnavali; 2 Definition(s)
Vrittaratnavali means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Vṛttaratnāvalī can be transliterated into English as Vrttaratnavali or Vrittaratnavali, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)
1) Vṛttaratnāvalī (वृत्तरत्नावली) by Sārasvata Sadāśiva Muni is the name of a commentary on the Vṛttaratnākara of Kedārabhaṭṭa (C. 950-1050 C.E.), who was a celebrated author in Sanskrit prosody. The Vṛttaratnākara is considered as most popular work in Sanskrit prosody, because of its rich and number of commentaries.
2) Vṛttaratnāvalī (वृत्तरत्नावली) of Veṅkaṭeśa (C. 15th century) is one of the finest examples of the literary wealth of India, which describes the magnanimity of goddess Sarasvatī in 82 verses illustrating different chandas. Hence its other name is also called Sarasvatīstotra. The Vṛttaratnāvali or Sarasvatīstotra not only describes about Sarasvatī, but also shows its metrical testimony of 65 metres, which have been used to compose the work and to justify the name of the text. The prime deity in this text is goddess Sarasvatī, who has been described in her two fold forms i.e. goddess Sarasvatī as well as river Sarasvatī.
3) Vṛttaratnāvalī (वृत्तरत्नावली) is the name of a work ascribed to Nārāyaṇa-bhaṭṭa (born 1513 C.E.): an author of Sanskrit prosody as well as a celebrated authority on Dharmaśāstra, who resided in Benares in 16th Century. Also see the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” X. pp. 71-72; also XVI. pp. 59-60. The Vṛttaratnāvalī is a work on chandas. The only reference on this work is available in the report of F. Kielhorn, which he compiled in 1881. The report is a classified alphabetical catalogue of Sanskrit manuscripts in the southern division of Bombay presidency. But as per “New Catalogus Catalogorum” no copy of this text is available in the catalogues.
4) Vṛttaratnāvalī (वृत्तरत्नावली) is the name of a work ascribed to Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (18th century): son of Śatāvadhāna Rāghavendra, grandson of Kāśīnātha Sāmudrikācārya and disciple of Raghudeva Nyāyālaṅkāra. Also see the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” VII. pp. 64-65 and XXXI. p. 9.
In his Vṛttaratnāvalī, Cirañjīva praises goddess Sarasvatī addressing her as Kādambinī, with many adjectives in the beginning of the work. He says the goddess is the destroyer of stupidity and dullness. The work contains 101 verses. In this work, the author discusses the sixteen possible variants of four syllables, short and long in the notation by I and S signs. He also deals with a set of eight forms of three syllables with the names magaṇa, yagaṇa and so on. He establishes the eight pratyayas namely prastāra, naṣṭa, uddiṣṭa, meru, saṃkhyā, patāka, sūcī and markaṭī. This definition slightly differs from the definition of Kedāra.
5) Vṛttaratnāvalī (वृत्तरत्नावली) is the name of a work ascribed to Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.): a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. The Vṛttaratnāvalī is a compendium of 195 verses. Out of these 195 verses, 54 verses present the definition of metre, gaṇas, name of the metres, etc.; 138 verses illustrate 138 metres and one verse (third from last) says about the date of composition of the work and colohonic remark in 2 verses. As Nañjuṇḍa deals with only samavṛttas, he gives examples of those metres only. This work is fully dedicated to king Śrī Kṛṣṇa Rāja Woḍeyar.
Nañjuṇḍa praises Lord Śiva (Pārvatīvallabha) in the invocatory (maṅgalācaraṇa) verse of the Vṛttaratnāvalī, which shows his Śīvabhakti as he was a follower of Vīraśaiva sect. He deals with all the aspects of Sanskrit metres. First he gives the characteristics of the metre and then the example of the metre, eulogizing the king. Through these descriptions, he fulfills all the relevant methods required for Sanskrit metre. He also discuses gaṇas of metres, their symbols, their devatās, nakṣatras, jātis etc. elaborately followed by description of yati. For the first time he presents the name of all the metres in anuṣtubh metre.
6) Vṛttaratnāvalī (वृत्तरत्नावली) is the name of a text dealing with Sanskrit prosody (chandas) for which no authorship could be traced. Usually the authors mention their names, parentage etc. in the colophon of their works. But there are certain works in which, the author leaves no impression of his identity. The Vṛtta-ratnāvalī is mentioned in the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” XXXI. p. 19.
7) Vṛttaratnāvalī (वृत्तरत्नावली) is the name of a work ascribed to Durgādatta related to the topics of Sanskrit prosody (chandas) but having an unknown period of composition.
8) Vṛttaratnāvalī (वृत्तरत्नावली) is the name of a work ascribed to Yaśovanta Siṃha related to the topics of Sanskrit prosody (chandas) but having an unknown period of composition.
9) Vṛttaratnāvalī (वृत्तरत्नावली) is the name of a work ascribed to Raṅgabhaṭṭācārya related to the topics of Sanskrit prosody (chandas) but having an unknown period of composition.
10) Vṛttaratnāvalī (वृत्तरत्नावली) is the name of a work ascribed to Ravikara related to the topics of Sanskrit prosody (chandas) but having an unknown period of composition.
11) Vṛttaratnāvalī (वृत्तरत्नावली) is the name of a work ascribed to Sadāśiva Muni related to the topics of Sanskrit prosody (chandas) but having an unknown period of composition.
Sadāśiva Muni praises one Saccidānanda Yogīndra (probably his preceptor) in the colophon of the Vṛttaratnāvalī. He also says that he is a staunch devotee of Lord Kṛṣṇa as he begs to have a glance of Lord Kṛṣṇa in the colophon. The work is divided into five chapters. He praises goddess Sarasvatī, who makes the lotus face of lotus born (Brahmā) her sports place, by whose grace four types (nāma, ākhyāta, upasarga and nipāta) of padas produced from yogis in the invocatory verse of the work.Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Vṛttaratnāvalī (वृत्तरत्नावली) is the name of a work ascribed to Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century), also known as Rāmadeva or Vāmadeva, son of Rāghavendra.—The Vṛttaratnāvalī is Cirañjīva’s work on metres like Chandomañjari but the scope of the work is very limited. One of the most important aspects of this work is almost all the verses are given in praise of his patroniser Yaśavanta Siṃha.Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (chandas)
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
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