Vrishti, Vṛṣṭi, Vṛṣṭī: 20 definitions


Vrishti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Vṛṣṭi and Vṛṣṭī can be transliterated into English as Vrsti or Vrishti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Vrashti.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

1) Vṛṣṭi (वृष्टि) refers to “rain” and is mentioned in verse 3.6 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] the southern course (of the sun comprises) the seasons monsoon, etc. and (is named) ‘liberation’ as it liberates strength (in man) ; for the moon (is) strong then because of its being soma-like, (while) the sun declines, the surface of the earth showing heat tempered by cool clouds, rains (vṛṣṭi), and winds.”.

Note: Megha (“cloud”) has been left untranslated, whereas vṛṣṭi (“rain”) has been turned char ’bab-pa (“falling rain, rainfall”); cf. Mahāvyutpatti 4634 & 5311 sq.

2) Vṛṣṭi (वृष्टि) refers to “rainy season”, mentioned in verse 3.49.—Accordingly, “[...] with those whose body has become used to the cold of the monsoon, when suddenly afflicted by sunbeams, the choler accumulated in the rainy season [viz., vṛṣṭi] gets irritated in autumn”.

Note: Vṛṣṭi (“rainy season”( has been paraphrased by char ’bab thse (“time of falling rain, rainfall”), CD add an emphatic ’aṅ to the temporal locative.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vṛṣṭi (वृष्टि) refers to “showers (of rain)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.22 (“Description of Pārvatī’s penance”).—Accordingly, after Menā spoke to Pārvatī: “[...] Performing such austerities and engrossed in the muttering of the five-syllabled mantra, Pārvatī meditated on Śiva, the bestower of fruits of our cherished desires. Everyday during leisure time she used to water the trees planted by her along with her maids and extended acts of hospitality. Chill gusts of wind, cool showers [i.e., śīta-vṛṣṭi], and unbearable heat she bore with equanimity”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vṛṣṭi (वृष्टि).—A son of Sāvarṇi Manu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 33.

1b) A son of Kakuda.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 116.

2) Vṛṣṭī (वृष्टी).—A daughter of Marīci.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 12.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Vṛṣṭi (वृष्टि) refers to “rain”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the solar disc should be crossed by the rainbow the princes of the land will be at war with one another. If in winter the disc be clear there will be immediate rain [i.e., vṛṣṭi]. If in Varṣā the colour of the sun be that of the flower Śirīṣa there will be immediate rain; if the colour be that of the peacock’s plume there will be no rain for twelve years to come”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Vṛṣṭi (वृष्टि) refers to a “shower (of nectar)”, according to the Devīpañcaśatikā (verse 3.3).—Accordingly, “Emanation is above and its nature is supreme bliss. It is Śāmbhavī, the supreme energy who rains down a shower of nectar (pīyūṣa-vṛṣṭi)”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Vṛṣṭi (वृष्टि) is the regular word for ‘rain’ in the Rigveda and later.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Vṛṣṭi (वृष्टि) refers to “(the outer suffering of) the rain”, as mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI in the section called “four foundations of mindfulness (smṛtyupasthāna)”.—Accordingly:—“[...] there are two kinds of suffering (duḥkha): inner suffering and outer suffering. [...] Outer suffering (bāhyaduḥkha) is of two types: i) the king (rājan), the victorious enemy (vijetṛ), the wicked thief (caura), the lion (siṃha), tiger (vyāghra), wolf (vṛka), snake (sarpa) and other nuisances (viheṭhana); ii) the wind (vāta), rain (vṛṣṭi), cold (śīta), heat (uṣna), thunder (meghagarjita), lightning (vidyut), thunderbolts, etc: these two kinds of suffering are outer suffering”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Vṛṣṭi (वृष्टि) refers to the “rain”, according to the 2nd-century Meghasūtra (“Cloud Sutra”) in those passages which contain ritual instructions.—Accordingly, “He who desires a mighty rain must perform this rite ‘the great-cloud-circle’ in an open space, overspread by a blue canopy, shaded by a blue banner, on a clear spot of earth; [...] Even the sea may overflow its shore, but his auspicious word ‘Rain’ (vṛṣṭi) fails not; nay, he must sustain himself on the three sweets, ghee, honey and sugar, and by rice, sugar, milk, etc., joined with all virtues of character, and repeat this; so it must needs be effectual, according to the word of the Lord of Speakers. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Vṛṣṭi (वृष्टि) refers to one of the various Grahas and Mahāgrahas mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Vṛṣṭi).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vṛṣṭi (वृष्टि).—f (S) Rain; a shower or a fall of rain. 2 fig. A shower (as of arrows, stones, or other missiles); a volley, torrent, stream (of oaths, execrations, arguments, similies).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vṛṣṭi (वृष्टि).—f Rain. Fig. A shower (as of arrows, &c.); a volley.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vṛṣṭi (वृष्टि).—f. [vṛṣ-ktin]

1) Rain, a shower of rain; आदित्याज्जायते वृष्टिर्वृष्टेरन्नं ततः प्रजाः (ādityājjāyate vṛṣṭirvṛṣṭerannaṃ tataḥ prajāḥ) Manusmṛti 3.76.

2) A shower (of anything); अस्त्रवृष्टि (astravṛṣṭi) R.3.58; पुष्पवृष्टि (puṣpavṛṣṭi) 2.6; so शर°, धन°, उपल° (śara°, dhana°, upala°) &c.

Derivable forms: vṛṣṭiḥ (वृष्टिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛṣṭi (वृष्टि).—f.

(-ṣṭiḥ) 1. Rain. 2. A shower in general. E. vṛṣ to sprinkle, aff. ktin .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛṣṭi (वृष्टि).—i. e. vṛṣ + ti, f. Rain, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 154.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛṣṭi (वृष्टि).—[feminine] rain (lit. & [figuratively]).

--- OR ---

Vṛṣṭi (वृष्टि).—[feminine] rain (lit. & [figuratively]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vṛṣṭi (वृष्टि):—[from vṛṣ] vṛṣṭi or vṛṣṭi, f. (sg. and [plural]) rain, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (ifc. often = a shower of cf. puṣpa-, śaravṛ)

2) [v.s. ...] (in Sāṃkhya) one of the four forms of internal acquiescence (cf. salila), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a [particular] Ekāha, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Kukura (cf. vṛṣṭa), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛṣṭi (वृष्टि):—(ṣṭiḥ) 2. f. Rain.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vrishti in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vrishti in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vṛṣṭi (वृष्टि) [Also spelled vrashti]:—(nf) rain; ~[kārī] causing rains; -[kāla] rainy season.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vṛṣṭi (ವೃಷ್ಟಿ):—

1) [noun] water falling to earth in drops from the clouds.

2) [noun] a continuous pouring or being poured continuously.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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