Vrishni, Vṛṣṇi: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vrishni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vṛṣṇi can be transliterated into English as Vrsni or Vrishni, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vṛṣṇi (वृष्णि).—A famous King of the Yadu dynasty. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu in the following order: Brahmā-Atri-Candra-Budha-Purūravas-Āyus-Nahuṣa-Yayāti-Yadu-Sahasrajit-Śatajit-Hehaya-Dharma-Kuṇi-Bhadrasena-Dhanaka-Kṛtavīrya-Kārtavīryārjuna-Madhu-Vṛṣṇi. Other details.

(i) The birth of Śrī Kṛṣṇa was in the family of Vṛṣṇi. (See the genealogy of Śrī Kṛṣṇa).

(ii) The line of Kings beginning with Vṛṣṇi is called the dynasty of Vṛṣṇi. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 217, Stanza 18).

(iii) Thinking that the jewel Syamantaka had been stolen by Kṛṣṇa himself, Vṛṣṇi took a hostile mentality towards Kṛṣṇa. (Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, 3: 71: 1).

(iv) Vṛṣṇi had two wives named Gāndhārī and Mādrī. Five sons were born to him by Mādrī. (Vāyu: 94: 14; Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 211; 1-2; 5: 8). (See full article at Story of Vṛṣṇi from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vṛṣṇi (वृष्णि).—The eldest of Madhu's hundred sons. After him the line became famous, a gotra name.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 29; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 11. 27-8.

1b) A son of Sātvata and father of Sumitra and Yujājit;1 darling of the Yadus; had two wives, Gāndhārī and Mādrī; the former bore Sumitra and the latter, five children;2 suspected Kṛṣṇa of having appropriated the syamantaka gem from which he honourably redeemed himself;3 belonged to the Kṛoṣṭhu line;4 originator of the Vṛṣṇi kula.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 6 and 12.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 44. 48; 45. 1-2.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 1, 36, 102.
  • 4) Ib. III. 70. 15; 73. 91.
  • 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 95. 14.

1c) A son of Anamitra (a member of that family, Viṣṇu-purāṇa) and father of Śvaphalka and Cītraratha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 15. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 5.

1d) A son of Bhajamāna.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 44. 50; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 13. 1-2.

1e) A son of Kukura and father of Kapotaroman and Dhṛti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 117; Matsya-purāṇa 44. 62.

1f) The best of the Yadus and a son of Kausalyā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 2.

1g) A son of Bāhyaka—two queens Gāndhārī and Mādrī.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 4, 17.

1h) A son of Satvata; had two sons Sumītra and Yudhājit.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 13. 1, 8.

1i) The community of Dvāravatī in which Balarāma and Kṛṣṇa were born;1 Kuntī was attached to these people while Kaṃsa devised means to vanquish them. Were relieved at Kaṃsa's death.2 Its name derived from Vṛṣṇi.3 They praised the heroic deeds of Kṛṣṇa who was their Lord and who lived with them. But they did not recognise in Him the Almighty Lord;4 ended their lives by fighting their kinsmen at Prabhāsā. Attained Hari through relationship.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 3. 23; 11. 11; 14. 25; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 61. 23; 71. 85; Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 145; 96. 84, 175; 86. 28.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 8. 41; X. 36. 33; 39. 25; 45. 15;
  • 3) Ib. IX. 23. 30.
  • 4) Ib. I. 9. 18; II. 4. 20; IX. 24. 63; X. 1. 11 and 62; 90. 46.
  • 5) Ib. XI. 30. 18; VII. 1. 30.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Vṛṣṇi (वृष्णि) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.72) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vṛṣṇi) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Vṛṣṇi (वृष्णि).—A famous king of the Yadu dynasty. Lord Kṛṣṇa took birth in his dynasty.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

1) Vrishni: A descendent of Yadu, and the ancestor from whom Krsna got the name Varshneya

2) Vrishnis refers to the descendant of Vrishni, son of Madhu, whose ancestor was the eldest son of Yadu. Krsna belonged to this branch of the Lunar race. The people of Dwaraka were known as the Vrishnis. Tribals of this race were devoted to the Pandavas, who with Sri Krishna visited the Pandavas in their exile. [...] The Vrishnis are the people of Dwaraka to which belonged Krishna. After the death of Duryodhana his mother cursed that after 36 years Krishna should persish alone miserably and his people, the Vrishnis, should be destroyed.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vṛṣṇi (वृष्णि).—[vṛṣeḥ niḥ kicca Uṇ.4.5-51] a.

1) Heretical; heterodox.

2) Angry, passionate.

3) Ved. Raining. -m.

1) A cloud.

2) A ram.

3) A ray of light.

4) Name of an ancestor of Kriṣṇa.

5) Name of Kriṣṇa.

6) Of Indra.

7) Of Agni.

8) Air, wind.

9) A heretic.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛṣṇi (वृष्णि).—mfn. (-ṣṇiḥ-ṣṇiḥ-ṣṇi) 1. Heretical, heterodox. 2. Angry, passionate. m.

(-ṇiḥ) 1. A ram. 2. One of the descendants of Yadu. 3. Vishnu or Krishna. 4. A heretic, a sectary. 5. A ray of light. 6. Indra. 7. Agni. 8. Air or wind. E. vṛṣ to sprinkle, Unadi aff. ni, and the vowel unchanged.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛṣṇi (वृष्णि).—i. e. vṛṣ + ni, I. adj. 1. Passionate, angry. 2. Heretical. Ii. m. 1. A ram. 2. Indra. 3. Agni. 4. Viṣṇu. 5. One of the descendants of Yadu, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 10, 37. 6. The name of a class of Kṣatriyas and Vaiśyas, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 268. 7. Air, wind. 8. A ray of light.

— Cf. in

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛṣṇi (वृष्णि).—[adjective] manly, potent, strong; [masculine] ram, [Epithet] of Śiva etc., [plural] [Name] of a princely race.

--- OR ---

Vṛṣṇi (वृष्णि).—[adjective] manly, potent, strong; [masculine] ram, [Epithet] of Śiva etc., [plural] [Name] of a princely race.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vṛṣṇī (वृष्णी):—[from vṛṣan > vṛṣ] f. a mare, [Lāṭyāyana [Scholiast or Commentator]]

2) Vṛṣṇi (वृष्णि):—[from vṛṣ] vṛṣṇi or vṛṣṇi, mfn. manly, strong, powerful, mighty, [Ṛg-veda]

3) [v.s. ...] angry, passionate, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] heretical, heterodox, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] m. a ram, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] a bull, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a ray of light, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] air, wind, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]

10) [v.s. ...] of Viṣṇu-Kṛṣṇa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] of Indra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] of Agni, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] of various kings, [Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

14) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a tribe or family (from which Kṛṣṇa is descended, = yādava or mādhava; often mentioned together with the Andhakas), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

15) [v.s. ...] n. Name of a Sāman, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛṣṇi (वृष्णि):—[(ṣṇiḥ-ṣṇiḥ-ṣṇi)] 1. m. A ram; a descendant of Yadu; Vishnu; Agni; Indra; a heretic; a ray; wind. a. Heretical; angry.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Vṛṣṇi (वृष्णि):—

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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